Hinduisms Influence on Culture

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This presentation takes a look at the elements of Hinduism and how Hinduism has influenced the culture of both India and the world.

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संस्कृति पर हिंदू धर्म का प्रभाव : 

संस्कृति पर हिंदू धर्म का प्रभाव

Back Ground Information On India : 

Back Ground Information On India Civilization in India dates back to at least 2500 BCE To the Harappan Civilization of the Indus Valley Today Population: 1,147,995,898 Land Area: 1,147,949 sq mi Population percentage by religion, Hindu 81%, Islam 13%, Christian 2%, Sikh 2%

Religions of India by Geographical Area : 

Religions of India by Geographical Area

Background on Hinduism : 

Background on Hinduism Believed to be an amalgamation of the beliefs of the original inhabitants of the Indus valley and the invading Aryans The world's oldest living religion Not really one single religion, but rather a family of related beliefs “Hinduism includes the most various forms and planes of religious life, including Fetishism, Animal Cults (Sanctity of the Cow), Polytheism, Pantheism, Henotheism, All exist side by side within the framework of Hinduism. Because of this Hinduism has been called an encyclopedia of all religions.” (Schoeps, 161)

Important Hindu Terms and Concepts : 

Important Hindu Terms and Concepts Karma: Moral law of cause and effect, which determines rebirth Reincarnation: Rebirth of the soul after death. One could be reborn as a plant, insect, animal, or person, depending on one's Karma. Samsara: The Wheel of Life Moksha: Release from the Wheel of life Brahman: Essence of the universe, Divine reality at the heart of things Ahimsa: To do no harm Dharma: Duty, social behavior and obligations

The Caste System : 

The Caste System There are four castes and a group not in the caste system known as the Outcastes or Untouchables There is no social mobility in the caste system There are numerous Taboos in the caste system One's caste determined many aspects of their lives, such as whom they may marry, eat with, what occupations they may have, and what they may and may not do religiously Each Caste has it's own Dharma Endogamy within each caste is strictly practiced

The Brahmins, the priestly caste : 

The Brahmins, the priestly caste Jobs/social positions include; seers, priests, counselors, and cooks Twice born “Must obey numerous restrictions in food, baths, association with others in order to prevent ritual uncleanliness.” (Schoeps, 164)

Kshatriya, the warrior/noble class : 

Kshatriya, the warrior/noble class Occupations/social positions include warrior, kings, princes, administrators, and organizers Twice Born “Required to be in good physical condition” (Schoeps, 164) It is believed to be the caste of Rama, Krishna, Buddha, and Mahavira

Vaishya, the common caste : 

Vaishya, the common caste Occupations Include: landowners, farmers, moneylenders, and artisans Twice born

Shudra, the peasant caste : 

Shudra, the peasant caste Occupations/social positions include: followers, manual laborers, serfs, servants, and many more There exists many differences between members of this caste based on the degree of cleanliness of the individuals work Once born Forbidden to hear the scripture

Dalit, the outcastes : 

Dalit, the outcastes Untouchables, name giving because they are seen as ritually unclean and coming into contact with one would render a practitioner unclean as well Did only the dirtiest work: cleaning toilets, sweeping streets, collecting human and animal carcasses, and Tanning Hides Forbidden to hear the scripture

The Cyclic life : 

The Cyclic life Religious Samsara and reincarnation are cyclical Trimurti: The Hindu sacred triad of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer. Culture Time is circular, not linear The Social life is a cycle The universe is seen a great enclosed sphere

Hinduism and Vegetarianism : 

Hinduism and Vegetarianism

Hinduism and Vegetarianism : 

Hinduism and Vegetarianism Ahimsa: To do no harm Is not limited to humans Not all Hindus are vegetarians Those that are tend to be in the landlocked area of India, with the exception of the colder areas of the Himalayas. Many Hindus living near the ocean are Pescetarian (vegetarians whom eat fish) Most Brahmins are either vegetarian or Lacto-vegetarian No Hindus eat beef however...

Sanctity of the Cow : 

Sanctity of the Cow A taboo against the killing of cows and oxen Scholars are unsure about how and when this practice arose Some scholars believe it originated in the Vedic times when The people where pastoralists; they where heavily dependent on the cow for milk and dairy products, use of the cow in agriculture to plow fields and manure, for both fertilizer and fuel No matter what the origin maybe the cow is an exalted animal, that is often allowed to freely wander

Hinduism influence on Culture Outside of India : 

Hinduism influence on Culture Outside of India American Transcendentalist: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Walt Whitman A prime example is Emerson's Poem “Brahma” The British composers Gustav Holst and Ralph Vaughn Williams put stories from the Rig Veda to music The Author of The Jungle Book (Which is set in India), Rudyard Kipling was influenced by Hinduism, as he had lived in India as a young child The Term “Sacred Cow” comes from the reverence of the cow by Hindus

Hinduism influence on Culture Outside of India : 

Hinduism influence on Culture Outside of India

Hinduism influence on Culture Outside of India : 

Hinduism influence on Culture Outside of India Hindu culture influenced the civil rights movement of the 1960's; Gandhi was major influence on leaders such as Dr. King Was influential among the Hippies of the 60's Influenced music such as the Beatles, Namely their song “Within you without you” and the member George Harrison (Whom converted to Hinduism, would later make a song entitled “My Sweet Lord” which contained the Hare Krishna Mantra) Yoga