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Prepared by Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams, Associate Professor Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 2: UCT OpenContent Launch 12 February 2010 What is “Open Content”? : What is “Open Content”? Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials (usually digital) that can be: Shared Shared freely and openly for … Used Improved Redistributed … use by anyone to … … adapt / repurpose/ improve under some type of license in order to … … redistribute and share again. Example of Open Content : Example of Open Content Original diagram in a PhD thesis … Adapted for the Portuguese context … Translated into Greek … Adapted and translated to Spanish … The concept of Open Content … : The concept of Open Content … … is based on the philosophical view of knowledge as a collective social product and the desirability of making it a social property (Prasad & Ambedkar cited in Downes 2007:1). Open Content part of the“Open Movement” : Open Content part of the“Open Movement” The Open Movement Open Source Software in the Open Movement : Open Source Software in the Open Movement Open Content part of the“Open Movement” : Open Content part of the“Open Movement” The Open Movement Open Source Software Open Access in the Open Movement : Open Access in the Open Movement The Public Library of Science is a non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. http://www.plos.org/ The SHERPA/RoMEO service provides a listing of publishers' copyright conditions as they relate to authors archiving their work on-line. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/ OpenDOAR is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories. http://www.opendoar.org/ The Directory of Open Access Journals indexes free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. http://www.doaj.org/ Open J-Gate is an electronic gateway to global journal literature in open access domain. http://www.openj-gate.com/ Open Content part of the“Open Movement” : Open Content part of the“Open Movement” The Open Movement Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences in the Open Movement : Open Licences in the Open Movement http://creativecommons.org/ Creative Commons GNU General Public License http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html Open Content part of the“Open Movement” : Open Content part of the“Open Movement” The Open Movement Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science in the Open Movement : Open Science in the Open Movement The OpenScience Project is dedicated to writing and releasing free and Open Source scientific software. http://www.openscience.org/ The Open Dinosaur Project was founded to involve scientists and the public alike in developing a comprehensive database of dinosaur limb bone measurements, to investigate questions of dinosaur function and evolution. http://opendino.wordpress.com/ The Open Science Grid aims to promote discovery and collaboration in data-intensive research by providing a computing facility and services that integrate distributed, reliable and shared resources to support computation at all scales. http://www.opensciencegrid.org/ Advised by Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Professor Nigel Shadbolt and others, government are opening up data for reuse. The dat.gov.uk site seeks to give a way into the wealth of UK government data and is under constant development. http://data.gov.uk/home Open Content part of the“Open Movement” : Open Content part of the“Open Movement” The Open Movement Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society in the Open Movement : Open Society in the Open Movement Our Water Commons seeks to transform societal decision making for water stewardship towards participatory, democratic, community-centered systems that value equity and sustainability as a strategy. http://ourwatercommons.org/ Open Everything is a global conversation about the art, science and spirit of 'open'. It gathers people using openness to create and improve software, education, media, philanthropy, architecture, neighbourhoods, workplaces and the society we live in: everything. http://openeverything.wik.is/ Web of Change connects the foremost thinkers and do-ers in social media, technology, and social change. They are growing a community of leaders working for transformation of organizations and the world. http://webofchange.com/ Open Content part of the“Open Movement” : Open Content part of the“Open Movement” The Open Movement Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society What has enabled OER? : What has enabled OER? Enabler of open content:Change in philosophy : Enabler of open content:Change in philosophy The Open Source Software movement led the way in showcasing the value of openness and the ‘architecture of participation’ (O’Reilly 2003) Enabler of open content:Affordances of the Internet : Enabler of open content:Affordances of the Internet Openness has been stimulated by the Internet which has provided an opportunity for information and services to be shared, used and re-used in ways not conceivable (or affordable) in a paper-based environment. http://www.flickr.com/photos/curiouslee/3485479724/ Enabler of open content: Alternative copyright licensing : Enabler of open content: Alternative copyright licensing Previously copyright was binary: All rights retained or public domain Now alternative licensing options such as the GNU General Public License and Creative Commons provide a range of options where some rights are reserved Enabler of open content: A range of financial models : Enabler of open content: A range of financial models Donor funding – e.g. Hewlett Foundation, Shuttleworth Foundation Marketing budget – e.g. Open University Commission – e.g. MIT and Amazon Endowment – e.g. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Membership – e.g. Sakai Consortium Government – e.g. UK £7.8 million grant Openness in higher education : Openness in higher education The emergence of openness in higher education in the 21st century is part of the much larger social movement towards ‘opening up’ what was previously ‘closed’ to most except a limited number of people who paid for access to or use of information and services. The paradox of sharing : The paradox of sharing The OECD reflects that "although learning resources are often considered as key intellectual property in a competitive higher education world, more and more institutions and individuals are sharing digital learning resources over the Internet openly and without cost, as open educational resources (OER) (2007:9). OER Champion: MIT : OER Champion: MIT OER Champion: Rice University : OER Champion: Rice University OER Champion: Carnegie Mellon : OER Champion: Carnegie Mellon OER Champion: Open University : OER Champion: Open University OER Champion: Open University : OER Champion: Open University University of Michigan : University of Michigan Yale University : Yale University Indiana University : Indiana University Delft University of Technology : Delft University of Technology Universidad de Sevilla, Spain : Universidad de Sevilla, Spain Korea University : Korea University Keio University : Keio University Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico : Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico University of Southern Queensland : University of Southern Queensland OpenCourseWare Consortium : OpenCourseWare Consortium Aggregating content: OER Commons : Aggregating content: OER Commons Aggregating video: Academic Earth : Aggregating video: Academic Earth Aggregating podcasts: Steeple : Aggregating podcasts: Steeple OER in South Africa: University of the Western Cape : OER in South Africa: University of the Western Cape Collecting OER in Africa: OER Africa : Collecting OER in Africa: OER Africa Four “open” projects at UCT : Four “open” projects at UCT Funded by the Hewlett Foundation Opening Scholarship projectJuly 2007- Dec 2008 : Opening Scholarship projectJuly 2007- Dec 2008 UCT signs Cape Town Open Education Declaration April 2008 : UCT signs Cape Town Open Education Declaration April 2008 Opening Scholarship outputs : Opening Scholarship outputs Health OER projectJan 2009-Dec 2010 : Health OER projectJan 2009-Dec 2010 OER UCT projectFeb 2009-Feb 2010 : OER UCT projectFeb 2009-Feb 2010 OER UCT project blog : OER UCT project blog The UCT OpenContent directory : The UCT OpenContent directory Lists and describes the growing collection of open educational content at UCT Links this collection to international platforms and act as a mechanism for increasing the visibility of UCT-produced open content Facilitates reporting around questions such as: Which OERs have been published by person X in my department? What OER content is available from my department? How many OERs are in the UCT Collection? To what extent is my department’s OER output promoting us globally? UCT OpenContent: Contributor : UCT OpenContent: Contributor Ed Rybicki Molecular and Cell Biology Introduction to Molecular Virology Published: 2007 Format: Website/HTML Link UCT OpenContent: Contributor : UCT OpenContent: Contributor Kevin Williams Higher & Adult Education Studies & Development Unit (HAESDU) Guide For Tutors In Disciplines In The Humanities And Social Sciences Published: March 26, 2009 Format: PDF Link UCT OpenContent: Contributors : UCT OpenContent: Contributors Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven and Leslie London School of Public Health and Family Medicine Training Trainers for Health and Human Rights Published: April 14, 2009 Format: PDF Link UCT OpenContent: Contributors : UCT OpenContent: Contributors Tony Carr, Shaheeda Jaffer & Jeanne Smuts Centre for Educational Technology (CET) Facilitating Online Published: May 6, 2009 Format: PDF + Companion website Link UCT OpenContent: Contributors : UCT OpenContent: Contributors Jean-Paul van Belle Department of Information Systems NGO ICT and e-Readiness Self-Assessment Tool Discovering Information Systems Office XP for Business Published: October 14, 2009 Format: PDF Ngo Guide: Link Office XP: Link Info Sys: Link UCT OpenContent: Contributors : UCT OpenContent: Contributors Michael Paskevicius & Michelle Willmers Centre for Educational Technology Open Teaching in a Digital Age Published: November 2009 Format: PowerPoint on SlideShare 366 views in 4 months! http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi/open-teaching-in-a-digital-age UCT joins the OCWC : UCT joins the OCWC Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams and Michelle Willmers submit the application to OCWC UCT launches OpenContent12 Feb 2010 : UCT launches OpenContent12 Feb 2010 OpenContent part ofOpen UCT : OpenContent part ofOpen UCT Sharing open content needs a change in values : Sharing open content needs a change in values Conclusion : Conclusion ‘Today, a confluence of events is creating the perfect storm for significantly advancing education. With a growing inventory of openly available educational tools and resources, and with an increasingly engaged and connected community, transformative opportunities for education abound. (Iiyoshi & Kumar 2008:2) Thanks to : Thanks to Prof Jo Beall Prof Danie Visser Prof Martin Hall Eve Gray Laura Czerniewicz OER UCT team Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams Stephen Marquard Michelle Willmers Michael Paskevicius Roger Brown David Horwitz Shihaam Donnelly Nolu Tyam Ermien van Pletzen Telamenta Health OER team Greg Doyle University of Michigan Kathleen Ludewig OER Commons Creative Commons SA Tobias Schonwetter Andrew Rens University of the Western Cape Philipp Schmidt Shuttleworth Foundation Karien Bezuidenhout Thanks to : Thanks to All the UCT academics who have contributed resources Matumo Ramifikeng Lana Van Niekerk Graeme Copley Sean Kaliski Corne van Walbeek Eve Gray Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams Michelle Willmers Michael Paskevicius Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven Leslie London Ed Rybicki Kevin Williams Desiree McKie Jane Nash Jean-Paul van Belle Mike Eccles Lisa Seymour Tony Carr Shaheeda Jaffer Jonny Myers Stephen Jeffrey Peter de Jong References : References Attwood, R (2009) Get it out in the open. Online: http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=408300 24 September Downes S (2007) Models for sustainable open educational resources. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects 3: 29-44. Iiyoshi, T & Kumar, MSV (Eds) (2008) Opening Up Education: The collective advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. O’Reilly, T (2003) The Architecture of Participation. Available online: http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/wlg/3017 (Checked 4 October 2009) Yuan, L, MacNeill, S and Kraan W (2008). Open Educational Resources – Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education. JISC CETIS. Available at http://wiki.cetis.ac.uk/images/0/0b/OER_Briefing_Paper.pdf [Accessed 4 February 2009]. Slide 66: This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 South Africa License. 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