logging in or signing up CONVERSATION moskitobite Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 60 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: August 11, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description Useful informationn about the rationale of what happens when native people have a conversation, in order to be used in the English learning classroom. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript CONVERSATION : CONVERSATION CONVERSATION : CONVERSATION What is conversation? We can describe a conversation as the time when two or more people have the right to talk or listen without having to follow a fixed schedule. CONVERSATION : CONVERSATION What is conversation? In a conversation everyone has something to say and anyone can speak at any time The Functions of Conversation : The Functions of Conversation exchange of information creation and maintenance of social relationships negotiation of status and social roles deciding on and carrying out joint actions The Units of Conversation : The Units of Conversation EXCHANGE An exchange consists of two moves or turns (an initiating move and a response). These can be verbal or non-verbal. Slide 6: Let’s analyze the following exchange structure: A: Jane. B: Yes? A: Could I use your printer? B: Sure, it’s already on. A: Thanks a lot. Slide 7: Turn 1 Turn 2 Turn 3 Turn 4 Turn 5 call available request comply thank Exchange 1 Exchange 2 Exchange 3 Illustration of move and exchange structure Not all exchanges are conversations!!! : Not all exchanges are conversations!!! A: Hi! B: Hi! Exchange 1 Not all exchanges are conversations!!! : Not all exchanges are conversations!!! A: How much are the oranges? B: Eighteen pence each, madam. A: I’ll have two, please. B: That’s thirty-six pence. Exchange 1 Exchange 2 What do native speakers do in conversation? : What do native speakers do in conversation? There are certain rules in conversation. For instance: usually only one person speaks at a time the speakers change the length of any contribution varies there are techniques for allowing the other party or parties to speak neither the content nor the amount of what we say is specified in advance The Co-operative Principle : The Co-operative Principle The maxim of quality Make your contribution one that is true Do not say what you believe is false Do not say anything for which you lack adequate evidence The Co-operative Principle : The Co-operative Principle The maxim of quantity Make your contribution just as informative as required and no more The Co-operative Principle : The Co-operative Principle The maxim of relation Make your contribution relevant and timely The Co-operative Principle : The Co-operative Principle The maxim of manner Avoid obscurity and ambiguity Topics : Topics Different cultures talk about different things in their everyday lives. Native speakers are very aware of what they should and should not talk about with specific categories of people in their own language, but the rules may be different in a foreign language. In this sense, What is considered a ‘taboo’ subject? What do you consider an offence? You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.