Noun Clauses

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Understanding noun clauses

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Noun Clauses:

Noun Clauses

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To understand noun clauses, you’d need to understand nouns and their functions in a sentence. So, let’s talk about nouns and their functions in a sentence. Nouns

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What is a noun? … a name – any name! It could be the name of a person, animal, place, thing, idea, feeling- whatever. It doesn’t matter. A name is a noun, and that’s it. For more about types of nouns (names), click here.

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Nouns - functions A noun may function as: the subject of a verb the object of a verb the object of a preposition a subject complement

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Look at these sentences. Identify the nouns. Ana Susan school bus. Susan sister. took to by is her These are all nouns … … with different functions

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Ana took Susan to school by bus. Ana is her sister. Ana = subject of verb (took) What’s the function of the noun “ Ana ” in the first sentence?

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Ana took to school by bus. Ana is her sister. Susan Susan = object of the verb (took) What’s the function of the noun “ Susan ” in this sentence?

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Ana took Susan to by bus. Ana is her sister. What’s the function of the noun “ school ” in this sentence? school school = object of the preposition (to)

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Ana took Susan to school by Ana is her sister. What’s the function of the noun “ bus ” in this sentence? bus. bus = object of the preposition (by)

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Ana took Susan to school by bus. is her sister. What’s the function of the noun “ Ana ” in the second sentence? Ana Ana = subject of the verb (is)

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Ana took Susan to school by bus. Ana is her sister. What’s the function of the noun “ sister ” in the second sentence? sister = subject complement of the subject (Ana)

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So, nouns may have different functions in a sentence; noun clauses too. Hi, I’m NOUN. Hi, I’m NOUN CLAUSE

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So, what do you do? Quite a few things.

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Like what? Well, I can be the SUBJECT of a verb .

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What else can you do? I can also be the O BJECT of a verb .

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And I can be the OBJECT of a preposition.

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Can I see some examples of the things you do? Sure! Right away.

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EXAMPLE of NOUN CLAUSE as subject of a verb Whatever he does is okay with me. n oun clause a s subject of the verb = is

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Remember: A noun clause consists of a connecting word + a subject + a verb For example - Whatever he does connector subject verb The entire clause could be the subject of a verb.

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EXAMPLE of NOUN CLAUSE as object of a verb w hat he does. I k now n oun clause Object of the verb = know

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EXAMPLE of NOUN CLAUSE as object of a preposition w hat he does. He wasn’t allowed to join the club because of n oun clause Object of the preposition = of

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So… A noun clause can be 1. The subject of a verb. 2. The object of a verb. 3. The object of a preposition.

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Spotting noun clauses in TOEFL questions __________________ does would anger the residents of that sector. Observe the 2 verbs does / would anger

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Spotting noun clauses in TOEFL questions __________________ does would anger the residents of that sector. S The subject for the verb “ does ” is missing.

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Spotting noun clauses in TOEFL questions _________________ does would anger the residents of that sector. _ S The subject for the verb “ would anger ” is everything that goes before it . But it’s still missing: So this includes the missing subject and the verb “ does ”.

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Spotting noun clauses in TOEFL questions _____ C _____ + _______ does would anger the residents of that sector. S Connector + subject + verb(does) = Noun clause. A connector

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Spotting noun clauses in TOEFL questions What the mayor does = Noun clause. So, let’s say: r esidents of that sector. What the mayor does w ould anger the

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Spotting noun clauses in TOEFL questions r esidents of that sector. What the mayor does w ould anger the Subject This is called a NOUN CLAUSE , because i t’s the subject of the verb “ would anger ”.

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Spot the noun clause after the preposition The citizens worry about what the government does.

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Spot the noun clause after the preposition The citizens worry about ….

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Spot the noun clause after the preposition The citizens worry about what the government does.

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Spot the noun clause after the preposition The citizens worry about NOUN CLAUSE

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Spot the noun clause after the preposition The citizens worry about what the government does.

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The citizens worry Prepositions are followed by either a noun or a noun clause. a bout = Preposition What the government is doing = NOUN CLAUSE. It’s the object of the preposition “about”. what the government does. a bout

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So, the noun clause can be Subject of a verb It goes before the verb Object of a verb It goes after the verb Object of a preposition It goes after a preposition

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PRACTICE Identify the noun clause in the sentence. Is it the subject or the object of the verb? 1. When the city of Rome was actually founded is a matter of dispute among historians. Subject of the verb = is

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PRACTICE Identify the noun clause in the sentence. Is it the subject or the object of the verb? 2. The president told the youths journey was a noteworthy achievement. that their Object of the verb = told

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PRACTICE Identify the noun clause in the sentence. Is it the subject or the object of the verb? 3. The general decided which troops were to be moved. Object of the verb = decided

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PRACTICE Choose the correct answer. 4. _____________ find the odor of cigarettes objectionable surprises many smokers. A. Many nonsmokers B. That many nonsmokers C. The nonsmokers D. Nonsmokers

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PRACTICE Choose the correct answer. 5. A top architect lamented _____________ replaced by international sameness. A. and cultural uniqueness has been B. cultural uniqueness has C. who cultural uniqueness has been D. that cultural uniqueness has been

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