Subject - Verb

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Basic elements of a sentence

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Subject/ verb:

Subject/ verb

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The 2 most important elements i n a sentence are: subject + verb Sentence Structure

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The leaves are falling. subject verb

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The leaves are falling. subject verb of the tree extra info Subject/verb separation

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The leaves are falling. subject verb which we were talking about extra info Subject/verb separation

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Finding the subject and its verb Identify the verb or verbs in the sentence. For each verb you find, find its subject. Be careful of extra information that goes between a subject and its verb.

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Let’s identify the subject & verb The art of storytelling _____________ as old as humanity. which is nearly is nearly it is nearly nearly What’s missing?

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Let’s identify the subject & verb In the United States, _____________ is generally the responsibility of municipal governments. What’s missing here?

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Let’s identify the subject & verb In the United States, _____________ is generally the responsibility of municipal governments. for water treatment water treatment where water treatment in which water treatment

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Subject & verb must agree in number FOR COUNTABLE SUBJECTS A singular subject takes a singular verb. A plural subject takes a plural verb FOR UNCOUNTABLE SUBJECTS A subject that is uncountable will always take a singular verb.

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What’s wrong with this sentence? Minerals in seawater exists in the same A B proportions in all of the oceans of the world. C D Identify the error (A, B, C or D). Plural verb needed

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What’s wrong with this sentence? Minerals in seawater _____ in the same A B proportions in all of the oceans of the world. C D Identify the error (A, B, C or D). exist

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What’s wrong with this sentence? The difference between the living conditions A in the countryside and in towns have been B C eliminated . D Identify the error (A, B, C or D). Singular verb here

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What’s wrong with this sentence? The difference between the living conditions A in the countryside and in towns _____ been B C eliminated . D Identify the error (A, B, C or D). has

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PRACTICE In the early 1900s, Eastman ______ inexpensive Brownie box cameras. it developed it was developed developed developing

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PRACTICE 2. ______ the discovery of the fossilized remnants of tides in one-billion-year-old rocks. Geological reports Geologists report The reports of geologists Geologists reports

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PRACTICE 3. ______ in the United States spends 900 hours per year in class and 1,170 hours in front of the television. The average third-grader The third grade is average There are three grades Three average grades

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PRACTICE 4. The sound produced by an object ______ in a periodic way involves more than the simple sine wave. it vibrates vibrating i s vibrating vibrates

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PRACTICE 5. In many languages , the forms of a word A varies to express such contrasts as number, B C gender, and tense . D

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PRACTICE 6. The principles of physics described by A Christian Doppler in 18 42 for the movement of stars has been adapted to evaluate the B C movement of blood within the heart. D

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PRACTICE 7. Confers such as cedars, firs, and pines they A B bear their seeds in cones . C D