Sports Injuries - How to Avoid Ankle Sprains and Re-Injury - Morley Ph

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Presentation Description

Morley Physio presents a slideshow on how to avoid re-injury after suffering a sprained ankle.

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Presentation Transcript

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Sports Injuries How to Avoid Ankle Sprains and Re-Injury

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Ankle Sprains - The Basics ● Ankle sprains are not uncommon especially not for people who play sports and it is easy to identify whether you are suffering from one. ● Most ankle sprains are caused by a rapid shift in movement when your foot is planted firmly on the ground and the pain is felt immediately. ● Events such as being tackled in a game of football can cause your ankle to twist or roll which results in the ligaments in your ankle stretching and in more severe cases tearing. ● You will be aware of a sprained ankle quickly as swelling tenderness and possibly bruising will surface right away.

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Ankle Sprains - The Basics ● The intensity of the sprain depends on how badly the ligaments in your ankle have been damaged and how many ligaments have been affected. ● Those who are suffering from a mild sprain will find that they are still able to walk steadily though they will feel a small pain and their ankle may be tender and swollen. ● A sprain that is more severe will quickly display bruising and the victim will find that walking is extremely painful and the ankle will feel unsteady and unable to support the body weight. ● The more swollen and bruised your ankle is and the more pain you feel the more severe the sprain will be and the longer it will take to heal.

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After a Sprain - The Risk of Re-Injury ● People with a history of ankle injury whether it is one sprain or 20 are more susceptible to future injury. ● As a result it is important for those who have suffered an ankle sprain to undertake preventative methods against re-injury. ● It is also important to ensure that their initial sprain has had a proper and complete recovery otherwise their chances of suffering from a re-injury is much higher.

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After a Sprain - The Risk of Re-Injury ● The Journal of Physiotherapy published findings that stated people who suffered a re-sprain or a re-injury within the initial three months of their first sprain were found to do so as a result of incomplete recovery. ● The study found that three months after a sprain 65 of the 102 participants reported a feeling of instability in their ankles and 24 reported one or more re-sprains. ● After a year 55 continued to report a feeling of instability with 50 saying that they didn’t feel as though they had recovered completely.

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How Can Ankle Sprains and Re-Injury Be Prevented ● The occurrence of ankle sprains is much less common in people who have good strength flexibility and balance and so there are several steps you can take to improve these areas and lessen your chance of suffering from an ankle sprain or re-injury.

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Stretching ● Stretching before and after exercising should be something you do no matter what as it helps to increase your flexibility and eases any soreness you may feel after your exercise. ● For stretches that specifically benefit your ankles target areas that stretch your calves and heels.

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Strengthening ● To aid your improvement in your ankle strength you may need to purchase a heavy rubber band which will be available at most sport stores or pharmacies. ● With this band you can carry out several exercises that focus on working on the muscles in your feet and ankles.

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Improving Balance ● The rubber band that helps to improve your strength can also help to improve your balance. ● By tying the band in a loop placing one end around a post in the ground and the other around one of your ankles you can practise balancing on the other ankle while the one attached to the band moves around the post.

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● A study carried out by The Journal of Physiotherapy found that athletes who had already suffered from an ankle sprain were less likely to suffer from a re-sprain within a year of their original injury if they undertook proprioceptive training in their own time. ● The athletes undertook an 8-week program consisting of three 30-minute training sessions a week and were also provided with ample information exercise sheets and a balance board to help improve their understanding of the injury and rehabilitation process. Home Training

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● At the end of the study it was found that in the following year only 22 of the athletes who had undergone training in their homes suffered from a re-injury compared to 33 of athletes who did not carry out home training. ● Therefore we can conclude that taking the time to train properly to increase your strength balance and flexibility can significantly lessen your chance of suffering from an ankle sprain. Home Training cont’d

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