What do your jeans look like Final

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What do your jeans look like?:

What do your jeans look like?

THIS IS WHAT WE WILL LEARN!:

THIS IS WHAT WE WILL LEARN! S5L2. Students will recognize that offspring can resemble parents in inherited traits and learned behaviors. What are genes are and how they are passed from parent to offspring as traits?

Hook:

Hook Genes….What are those things? Click Here To Learn MORE

Genes:

Genes

How Characteristics are Inherited?:

How Characteristics are Inherited? You may have a friend who looks a lot like her parents. She may share her mother’s eye color and dimples or have the same hair and skin type as her father. These and many other traits are inherited. An inherited trait is a characteristic passed from parents to their offspring My mother and I

How Characteristics are Inherited?:

How Characteristics are Inherited?

There are 2 types of GENES:

There are 2 types of GENES

Dominant and Recessive Traits:

Dominant and Recessive Traits

Dominant and Recessive Traits:

Dominant and Recessive Traits Unattached earlobes are dominant, and attached earlobes are recessive. If your earlobes are unattached, you inherited at least one dominant factor. If you have attached earlobes, you inherited two recessive factors.

Dominant and Recessive Traits:

Dominant and Recessive Traits Even though right-handedness is dominant, most people rest the left thumb on top when they fold their hands. Resting the left thumb on top is dominant. If you rest your right thumb on top, what factors did you inherit?

Graphic Organizer Directions::

Graphic Organizer Directions:

Slide 12:

Free earlobes Attached earlobes Arches in feet Flat feet Can roll tongue Can’t roll tongue Cheek dimples No cheek dimples Widow’s peak No widow’s peak Brown eyes Blues eyes Red hair Does not have red hair Straight Hair Curly Hair Example:

Slide 13:

Free Earlobes Attached Earlobes Arches in feet No arches in feet Can roll tongue Can’t roll tongue Cheek Dimples No Cheek Dimples Picture goes here: Widow’s Peak No Widow’s Peak Brown Eyes Blue Eyes Red Hair Does not have red hair Straight Hair Curly Hair Tic- Tac -Toe Graphic Organizer Now it is your turn to fill out the organizer.

Timeline of Heredity:

Timeline of Heredity 1655 - Robert Hooke (1635-1703) of Britain designed his own microscope and discovered matter made up of what he called cells. 1759 - C.F. Wolff (1733-1794) of Germany proposed a general cell theory. 1838 - Matthias J. Schleiden (1804-1881) of Germany published a cell theory as applied to plants. 1839 - Theodor Schwann (1810-1882) of Germany published cell theory as applied to animals. 1857 - Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1844), an Austrian monk, began experiments with pea plants. He later became known as the "father of genetics." 1859 - English biologist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) published “Origin of Species,” explaining units of heredity and variations in species. 1865 - Mendel announced his theories of heredity, known as Mendel’s Laws. 1869 - Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) of Britain published his book, Hereditary Genius , claiming that heredity alone is responsible for a person’s character traits. 1882 - German biologist Walther Fleming (1843-1905) used dyes to stain cells; he discovered rods he called “chromosomes.” 1886 - Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries (1848-1935) created term “mutation” while experimenting with primroses. 1887 - Belgian biologist Edouard van Beneden (1846-1910) discovered that all organisms of the same species have the same number of chromosomes. 1892 - August Weismann (1834-1914) published an essay on heredity. He proposed heredity was transmitted by a substance with a “chemical and molecular constitution”--he greatly influenced subsequent biologists. 1900 - De Vries published a paper that included the laws of inheritance as do two others: German botanist Karl Erich Correns (1864-1933) and Austrian botanist Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg (1871-1962).

Timeline Continued:

Timeline Continued 1901 - De Vries published a paper on mutations. 1902 - American biologist Walter Stanborough Sutton (1877-1916) demonstrated that chromosomes exist in pairs that are structurally similar. 1903 - Sutton proved that sperm and egg cells have one of each pair of chromosomes. 1908 - American biologist Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866-1945) with Alfred H. Sturtevant of the U.S. showed that genes were located on chromosomes; he experimented with Drosophelia (fruit flies) to investigate sex chromosomes, and discovered X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, and crossing-over. 1909 - Danish botanist Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen (1857-1927) proposed that each portion of a chromosome that controls a phenotype be called a “gene” (Greek: “to give birth to”). 1913 - Alfred Henry Sturtevant (1891-1970) began constructing a chromosome map for Drosophelia (it was completed in 1951 for all four Drosophelia chromosomes). 1919 - Hermann Joseph Muller (1890-1976) of the U.S. experimented with Drosophelia to create more mutant flies. 1941 - George W. Beadle (1903-1989) of the U.S. and Edward L. Tatum (1909-1975) of the U.S. discovered that genes control the production of enzymes. 1944 - Oswald T. Avery (1877-1955) of the U.S. announced that DNA alone is the substance responsible for heredity. 1952 - Francis H. C. Crick (1916- ) of Britain and James D. Watson (1928- ) of the U.S. made a model of the DNA molecule and proved that genes determine heredity. 1950’s - Maurice Wilkins (1916- ), Rosalind Franklin (1920-1957), Crick and Watson discover chemical structure of DNA, starting a new branch of science--molecular biology. 1957 - Arthur Kornberg (1918- ) of the U.S. produced DNA in a test tube.

Timeline Continued:

Timeline Continued 1966 - The Genetic code was discovered; scientists are now able to predict characteristics by studying DNA. This leads to genetic engineering, genetic counseling. 1972 - Paul Berg (1926- ) of the U.S. produced the first recombinant DNA molecule. 1982 - The first recombinant DNA drug approved by the FDA--genetically engineered insulin for diabetics. 1983 - Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) of the U.S. was awarded the Nobel Prize for her discovery that genes are able to change position on chromosomes. 1988 - An international team of scientists began the project to map the human genome. The Late 1980’s - The first crime conviction based on DNA fingerprinting, in Portland Oregon. 1990 - Gene therapy was used on patients for the first time. 1994 - The FDA approved the first genetically engineered food—Flavor Savor tomatoes engineered for better flavor and shelf life. 1995 - DNA testing in forensics cases gains fame in the O.J. Simpson trial. 1997 - Dolly the Sheep--the first adult animal clone.

Traits Trivia:

Traits Trivia

Task:

Task Now it is your turn to be a GENETICIST. Are you up for the task? You are going to find out which traits you and your team members posses that are dominant or recessive? Use this website to assist you http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/traits/activities/pdfs/Inherited%20Human%20Traits%20Quick%20Reference_Public.pdf or re-watch the brain pop video .

Jobs for Each Student:

Jobs for Each Student Each student needs to have one specific job. Make sure you discuss which job you are going to get with your group. Jobs: *Cutter (someone needs to cut out each card) *Leader (someone who holds up the trait cards) *Sharer (someone who is in charge of letting people talk *Recorder (someone who records the answers on paper)

Instructions:

Instructions First you need to cut out the game cards.

Cut Out:

Cut Out Attached Earlobe Can Roll Tongue Dimples Right-Handed

Cut Out:

Cut Out Freckles Natural Curly Hair Cleft Chin Allergies

Cut out :

Cut out Cross left thumb over right Can see red & green

Instructions for First Game:

Instructions for First Game Then invite your group to sit in a circle. Hold up one game card at a time to show a picture of an inherited trait. All who have this trait should stand or raise their hand. Continue with each game card to find similarities and differences among individuals in your group. Did you share a trait with another group member? An unrelated individual? Did you find a trait that was unique to you? Did each person in your group have a different combination of the traits described?

After the Game:

After the Game Once you have finished the game, you need to complete the survey independently. We are going to take the results from the survey and put it into a table to find out what traits are dominant or recessive.

Genes Survey:

Genes Survey

Class Results:

Class Results Traits Yes or No 1. I have detached earlobes 2. I have hitchhiker’s thumb 3. I can roll my tongue 4. I have dimples 5. I am right-handed 6. I have freckles 7. I have naturally curly hair 8. I have a cleft chin 9. I have allergies 10. I have a widow’s peak 11. I cross my left thumb over my right when I clasp my hands together 12. I can see the colors red and green ( I am not color blind)

Graph It:

Graph It As a class we are going to graph our dominant and recessive traits. We will use a double bar graph to chart our data and compare results.

Dominant and Recessive Genes:

Dominant and Recessive Genes

Slide 30:

Percentages of Eye Color

Slide 31:

Are blue eyes a dominant or recessive gene? Punnett Square for Blue Eyes

Your Turn To Make A Comic:

Your Turn To Make A Comic You make pick a partner to work with or you may work independently. You are going to be a comic book creator and create your very own comic on HEREDITY. Go to www.pixton.com I will give you your username and passwords.

Directions:

Directions Your comic has to be at least 5 slides. You have to include something about dominant and recessive traits. You have to include something about heredity. Have fun and make your project interesting. Use these if you feel like you need some inspiration. http://www.kidjutsu.com/ http://www.makebeliefscomix.com/ http://kidsedwebsites.com/index.php/languagearts/write-your-own-comic-strip/ http://www.kidsknowit.com/educational-comics/index.php

Make your own heredity slideshow:

Make your own heredity slideshow Find 10-15 pictures of your family. The pictures can either be from your mother’s side, father’s side or both sides of your family. Upload all of your pictures to your computer and save the pictures on a flash drive. Once you have all of your pictures you can begin the project.

Software:

Software Use the following programs to create your own heredity slideshow. www.prezi.com www.zuvox.com www.glogster.com Be prepared to present your slideshow to the class.

Examples of my slideshow:

Examples of my slideshow http://prezi.com/pqshuxuyl42t/edit/ http://morank1818.glogster.com/glog-8332/ http://www.vuvox.com/collage/detail/0421d2f299 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1YMDLmj2ls

Reminders:

Reminders A gene for a particular trait is found at a specific place on a chromosome. All inherited traits-tongue rolling, thumb position, hair color are controlled by genes. You are genetically unique. You share some characteristics with most humans, but unless you have an identical twin, there is no one else with exactly the same combination of genes that you have.

Why your genes look different from others:

Why your genes look different from others

Conclusion Song :

Conclusion Song E: Inherited Traits...passed from parents to the offspring ! E: Hair so brown, eyes so green...passed from parents to the offspring! B: Like my hair? G : yeah, its rad! B: Thanks I inherited from my dad! G: Like My eyes? B: They’re the bomb! G: Thanks I inherited from my mom ! E: Inherited traits! passed from parents to the offspring E: Hair so brown, eyes so green...passed from parents to the offspring! E: Inherited ....TRAITS! Boys sing the parts with a B. Girls sing the parts with a G. Everyone sings for the parts with an E.

Websites to Further Understand Heredity:

Websites to Further Understand Heredity http://www.amnh.org/ology/index.php?channel=genetics# http://morank1818.glogster.com/glog-4343/ http://morank1818.glogster.com/edit/glog-812/

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