greek mythology

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Greek Mythology:

Greek Mythology An Introduction to The Odyssey

The Olympians:

The Olympians Gods Zeus Poseidon Hades Apollo Ares Hermes Hephaestus Goddesses Hera Athena Aphrodite Artemis Demeter Hestia


Zeus Zeus was the king of the gods. He was the husband of Hera. God of Lightning Overthrew his father Chronos Freed his siblings Became the Olympians


Poseidon Brother of Zeus God of the Sea Main opposition of Odysseus in The Odyssey Father of the Cyclops Polyphemus Polyphemus was blinded by Odysseus Cause of Poseidon’s rage


Hades Was not in The Odyssey God of the Underworld Brother of Zeus Not always considered Olympian Resides in the underworld not Mount Olympus Kidnapped Demeter’s daughter Persephone


Apollo Most commonly considered god of sun, patron of young men Son of Zeus Known for prophecy Prophecy was big part of The Odyssey


Ares Was not in The Odyssey God of Savage War Son of Zeus and Hera Uncommon in Greek mythology


Hermes Messenger god and god of thieves Commonly associated with the winged sandals


Hephaestus God of the blacksmiths and volcanoes Unwillingly married to Aphrodite Born of Hera alone Revenge for Athena born of Zeus alone


Hera Goddess of Marriage Married to Zeus Known as queen of the gods Hated Hercules, a son of Zeus Forced him through 12 labors


Demeter Goddess of agriculture Mother of Persephone Persephone was kidnapped by Hades Lives in the underworld for 6 months Winter Months


Athena Goddess of Strategic War and Wisdom Daughter of Zeus, favorite child Favored Odysseus City of Athens named after her


Aphrodite Goddess of love and beauty Daughter of Zeus Forced to marry Hephaestus Precaution of trouble between the gods


Artemis Goddess of the hunt and moon Forever a virgin goddess Twin of Apollo Patron of young women


Assignment Pick one of the gods or goddesses listed above and write a brief report on them. Please include why you chose this god or goddess, their significance to Greek mythology, a symbol identified with them, and one myth or fact that you found interesting.

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Michigan Glcs for English grade 9, 9.4: Epic Poetry Copyright 2000 - 2010

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