Category: Education

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Éducation :

Éducation Conducted by: Ms.Monika (clinical instructor) Army College of Nursing

Aims of education :

Aims of education Aims of éducation make us to act in educated way with a meaning of every act There have been many factors determining aims of education These are as follows: 1. Philosophy of life: education aims & philosophy of life, both are part & parcel to each other

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2.Human nature : education plays a vital role in modification of behavior 3. Religious factors :every religion includes different ideas, beliefs & facts in educational system 4. Politics : system of education is different in different political set ups, autocratic as well as democratic


Contd…. 5 . Socio economic factors : education is a vital part of each society. Its vocational aspect is a means of earning money 6.Cultural factors: education is a means of preservation & transmission of cultural heritage from one generation to ano ther

Other factors are:

Other factors are Advancement in technology Exposure of children to a science oriernted world Time, situation & place Problems & issues of life Introduction of current trends

Specific aims of education :

Specific aims of education specific Aims general Specific aims of education : vocational, cultural, moral & spiritual

Vocational aims :

Vocational aims To make an individual self dependent To ensure hope for children with lower intelligence To bridge the economic gap in society To make education a purposeful activity

Importance of vocational aims:

Importance of vocational aims Economy Satisfaction Self confidence Useful for all Equation Time saving Practical skills

Cultural aim:

Cultural aim It is cultivation of knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, laws, customs, capabilities & habits Cultural aims of education: To preserve culture To transmit & promote culture To make unity in diversity To socialize individuals

Moral aim :

Moral aim Morality includes physical fitness, resolution & will power Moral virtues like honesty, loyalty, tolerance, fellow feeling, truthfulness, justice, self control, freedom Moral aims of education are: To develop individuality To build up strong character To inculcate values

Spiritual aim:

Spiritual aim Spiritual: innate values or ethics Education provides a chance of perfection & strength in spirituality therefore spiritual aims in education are: To draw out best or perfect from the soul To strengthen the concept of spirituality To build up faith in one code, based on absolute values

General aims of education :

General aims of education According to secondary education commission of 1952 (Mudaliar Commissions) According to national education policy 1986 According to Kothari education commission of 1964-66

According to secondary education commission of 1952 :

According to secondary education commission of 1952 Aims of education: To develop democratic citizenship To develop allround personality To develop leadership To enhance vocational efficiency To initiate students to art of living

Kothari education commission :

Kothari education commission Aims of education: 1)To increase productivity: Education Production of Production of all manpower other resources Production of technical abilities

2)To integrate socially & nationally :

2)To integrate socially & nationally Education (public education system) Feeling of oneness & belonginess Social & national integration

3) To modernize the world:

3 ) To modernize the world Education Independent & Intellectual effective thinking thinking Scientific technological advancements Modernization

4) To inculcate social, moral & spiritual values:

4) To inculcate social, moral & spiritual values Aims of education as suggested by national education policy of 1986 All round material & spiritual development of all people Cultural orientation & development of interest in Indian culture Scientific temper National cohesion


Contd…. Independence of mind & spirit Furthering goals of socialism, secularism & democracy Manpower development for different levels of economy Fostering research in all areas of development Education for quality

Clear presentation of aims of education:

Clear presentation of aims of education Harmonious development Moral development Physical development Mental & emotional development Individual & emotional development Character building Vocation, knowledge & complex luring Wise use of leisure Self realization, culture development Citizenship, complete living

Aims of education in Nursing:

Aims of education in Nursing Nursing manpower development: (n), (n), ANM, GNM Introdution of upto date knowledge Production of well qualified & competent professional nurses Development of nursing manpower


CONTD…. 2)Nursing education should have sufficient theory content & practical experience 3)Leadership: nursing education Development of abilities (decision & policy making) Planning organization management leadership in health care services

4) Personality development:

4) Personality development nursing education Self awareness self direction self motivation personality development

5)Professional developmemt:

5)Professional developmemt Nursing education Develop app. Skills To incultate ethics & & attitude standards of profession professional development

Functions of education :

Functions of education Functions towards individual Functions toward society Function towards nation

Functions toward individual:

Functions toward individual Education as growth: dependence & adaptability Education as direction: 2 types (external & internal, personal & impersonal) Preparation of child for responsibilities of adult life: necessary knowledge, power & training

Functions toward society :

Functions toward society Socialization Reconstruction of experiences Functions toward nation Civic & social responsibilities Training for leadership Emotional integration National integration

Characteristics of learning:

Characteristics of learning 1)Learning is unitary : learner reacts to whole learning situation rather than to any single stimulus, reacts in a unified way 2)Learning is individual : learning situation is approached differently by each learner with different goals 3) Learning is social : takes place in social environment, social maturity Takes place


Contd….. 4)Learning is self active : learner can learn only through her own reactions to situation 5)Learning is purposive : directed towards goals 6)Learning is creative : learner has power to vary her responses to demands of situation, to change these responses at will & create new forms of response 7) Learning is transferrable :means whatever is learned in one situation will aplly or affect another situation

Types of learning:

Types of learning Ideational learning: in learning ideas, learner acquires knowledge & information through which she forms concepts, sees relationship & arrives at generalizations concept : it is a fundamental unit of thought , it is an idea of what a thing is . Process of conceptualization is simplest act of human intellect


Contd….. b ) fact : something that has happened, on event, an actual state of affairs c) perception : it is the mental function by which various stimuli are interpreted, through perception incoming sensations are assimilated to appropriate images & pertinent categories of past experience


Contd…. d) principle : special form of generalization that implies action It is a statement that explains a large number of related phenomena which may serve as guide to action

Skill learning:

Skill learning It is the sum total result of progressive attempts to reach a certain goal in most direct way possible with due consideration for conditions under which goal is to be attained


Contd…. Skill involves both content of some kind & a sequence of action For skilled performance, factors considered are: Strength, speed Reaction, time Precision, consideration Flexibility

Development of skill:

Development of skill Formation of a skill Execution of a skill Formation of a skill: the manner in which movements are carried out Listening to directions, reading a description Seeing a demonstration, paying attention


Contd…. Execution of a skill : Execution is actual performance of the skill e.g. student should have an over- all view of procedure & steps in it before beginning practice

Principles underlying teaching of skills are::

Principles underlying teaching of skills are: Right attitude- proper mind set A clear percept of needed skill A correct start- good from before speed Conscious aspiration toward results- sustained, intense effort


Contd…. Practice in situations as nearly as possible like situation in which ability is to be used Intense practice periods distributed over a relatively long period of time Knowledge of results

Emotional learning :

Emotional learning It deals with effective learning End products of emotional learning – attitudes, values & ideals Acceptance & rejection are involved Teacher must set before the students constantly the desireability of acting in the light of thought principles & purposes

Attitudes :

Attitudes A disposition, a readiness, an inclination, a tendency to act towards specific object in a particular way Mental attitude in students appears to result from experience in acquiring the ways of responding

Values :

Values Motivation arises out of situations, wherein are sensed, directly or indirectly, values of worth to individual, these values are expressed as appreciations

Ideals :

Ideals These are attitudes which functions as driving forces in the realm of human conduct These are standards that become the object of desire, ideals serve as important guides to conduct They determine what an individual will believe in, will accomplish, will be throughout her entire life Habits, attitudes, character, personal traits are product of one’s ideals

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