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Famous English Authors of India

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Contents:- R. K. Narayan Arundhati Roy Anita Desai Kiran Desai Vikram Seth

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R. K. Narayan

Life:

Life R. K. Narayan was born in Madras (now known as Chennai), Madras Presidency, British India. His father was a school headmaster, and Narayan did some of his studies at his father's school. As his father's job required frequent moves, Narayan spent part of his childhood under the care of his maternal grandmother, Parvati. During this time his best friends and playmates were a peacock and a mischievous monkey. His grandmother gave him the nickname of Kunjappa , a name that stuck to him in family circles. She taught him arithmetic, mythology, classical Indian music and Sanskrit. According to his youngest brother R. K. Laxman, the family mostly conversed in English, and grammatical errors on the part of Narayan and his siblings were frowned upon.

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R.K. Narayan Born 10 October 1906, Chennai. Died 13 May 2001, Chennai. Genres Fiction, Mythology and Non- Fiction. Writing Style Simple, Unpretentious and gentle Humour. Awards Padma Vibhushan , Sahitya Akademi Award , AC Benson Medal , Padma Bhushan Works Malgudi Days, Swami and Friends, The Guide, The Dark Room, Next Sunday, Talkative Man

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Malgudi is a fictional, semi-urban town in southern India, conjured by Narayan. He created the town in September 1930, on Vijayadashami, an auspicious day to start new efforts and thus chosen for him by his grandmother. As he mentioned in a later interview to his biographers Susan and N. Ram, in his mind, he first saw a railway station, and slowly the name Malgudi came to him. The town was created with an impeccable historical record, dating to the Ramayana days when it was noted that Lord Rama passed through; it was also said that the Buddha visited the town during his travels While Narayan never provided strict physical constraints for the town, he allowed it to form shape with events in the various stories, becoming a reference point for the future. Dr James M. Fennelly, a scholar of Narayan's works, created a map of Malgudi based on the fictional descriptors of the town from the many books and stories. Malgudi

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Arundhati Roy

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Arundhati Roy was born in Shillong, Meghalaya, India, to Ranjit Roy, a Bengali Hindu tea planter and Mary Roy, a Malayali Syrian Christian women's rights activist. She spent her childhood in Aymanam in Kerala, and went to school at Corpus Christi, Kottayam, followed by the Lawrence School, Lovedale, in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. She then studied architecture at the School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, where she met her first husband, architect Gerard da Cunha. Roy met her second husband, filmmaker Pradip Krishen, in 1984, and played a village girl in his award-winning movie Massey Sahib . Until made financially stable by the success of her novel The God of Small Things, she worked various jobs, including running aerobics classes at five-star hotels in New Delhi. Roy is a cousin of prominent media personality Prannoy Roy, the head of the leading Indian TV media group NDTV, She lives in New Delhi. Life

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Arundhati Roy Born 24 November 1961, Shillong. Genres Fiction, Mythology and Non- Fiction. Works The God of Small Things, The Cost of Living, War Tasks Awards Man Booker Prize, Sydney Peace Prize

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Roy began writing her first novel, The God of Small Things, in 1992, completing it in 1996. The book is semi-autobiographical and a major part captures her childhood experiences in Aymanam. The publication of The God of Small Things catapulted Roy to instant international fame. It received the 1997 Booker Prize for Fiction and was listed as one of the New York Times Notable Books of the Year for 1997. It reached fourth position on the New York Times Bestsellers List for Independent Fiction. From the beginning, the book was also a commercial success: Roy received half a million pounds as an advance; It was published in May, and the book had been sold to eighteen countries by the end of June. The God of Small Things

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Anita Desai

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Born as Anita Mazumdar to a German mother, Toni Nime, and a Bengali businessman, D. N. Mazumdar in Mussoorie, India. She grew up speaking German at home and Bengali, Urdu, Hindi and English outside the house. She first learned to read and write in English at school and as a result it became her "literary language". Despite German being her first language she did not visit Germany until later in life as an adult. She began to write in English at the age of seven, and published her first story at the age of nine. She was a student at Queen Mary's Higher Secondary School in Delhi and received her B.A. in English literature in 1957 from the Miranda House of the University of Delhi. They have four children, including Booker Prize-winning novelist Kiran Desai. Her children were taken to Thul (near Alibagh) for weekends, where Desai set her novel The Village by the Sea . Life

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Anita Desai Born 24 June 1937, Mussoorie. Genres Fiction. Awards Man Booker Prize Works The Zigzag Way, In Custody, Games at Twilight, Cry- The Peacock, Diamond Dust.

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The daughter of a Bengali father and a German mother, Anita Desai was born in India but has made her home in Great Britain and in the United States. Thus she can write with authority about conflicts between cultures and about the presence of the past, as she did in novels like Baumgartner’s Bombay (1988), the story of an elderly German Jew in India, and Fasting, Feasting (2000), in which an Indian student tries to adapt to the lifestyle of a Boston family. The novel ends in the present, when at a local celebration called “La Noche de los Muertos ,” Eric encounters a ghost from the past and sees his own path into the future. As in her earlier works, in The Zigzag Way Anita Desai has again demonstrated her mastery of her craft and her understanding of human nature. The Zigzag Way

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Kiran Desai

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Kiran Desai (born 3 September 1971) is an Indian author who is a citizen of India and a permanent resident of the United States. Her novel The Inheritance of Loss won the 2006 Man Booker Prize. She is the daughter of Anita Desai and the partner of Orhan Pamuk. . Kiran Desai was born in New Delhi, India, and lived there until she was 10. She left India at 14, and she and her mother then lived in England for a year, and then moved to the United States, where she studied creative writing at Bennington College, Hollins University, and Columbia University. In January 2010, the Nobel laureate Orhan Pamuk acknowledged that he was in a relationship with Desai. [3 Life

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Kiran Desai Born 3 September 1971, New Delhi. Genres Novels. Awards Winifred Holtby Memorial Prize, Sahitya Academy Award, Shortlisted- Booker Prize. Works Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard, The Inheritance of Loss.

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HULLABALLO IN THE GUAVA ORCHARD is a lighthearted work told in the faux-naive style of the literary folktale. This story, by the daughter of novelist Anita Desai, works best when the pacing is as fast as the author’s touch is light, as it surely is in the final thirty or so pages. When it drags, stylistic tics become annoyingly apparent, the narrative too slender to support even a novel this short, and this talented author’s indebtedness to other writers, from Narayan and Salman Rushdie to Italo Calvino, Jerzy Kosinski and Gabriel Garcia Marquez the sign not of postmodern play but of youthful derivativeness. Hullaballo in the Guava Orchard

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Vikram Seth

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Vikram Seth was born on 20 June 1952 to Leila and Prem Seth in Calcutta (now Kolkata). His family lived in many cities including the Bata Shoe Company town of Batanagar, Danapur near Patna, and in London. His younger brother, Shantum, leads Buddhist meditational tours. His younger sister, Aradhana , is a film-maker married to an Austrian diplomat, and has worked on Deepa Mehta's movies Earth and Fire . Seth spent part of his youth in London but returned to his homeland in 1957. After receiving primary and commencing secondary education at the Doon School in Dehradun in India, Seth returned to England to Tonbridge School. From there, Seth studied philosophy, politics, and economics at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he developed an interest in poetry and learned Chinese. After leaving Oxford, Seth moved to California to work on a graduate degree in economics at Stanford University. Life

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Vikram Seth Born 20 June 1952, Calcutta. Genres Poems, Novels, Travel Writing, Biography, Memoir, Libretto. Awards Commonwealth Poetry Prize, Padma Shri, Crossword Book Award, Pravasi Bharathiya Samman. Works A Suitable Boy, The Golden Gate, Mappings, An Equal Music.

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After the success of The Golden Gate , Seth took up residence in his parents' house back in Delhi to work on his second novel, A Suitable Boy (1993). Though initially conceived as a short piece detailing the domestic drama of an Indian mother's search for an appropriate husband for her marriageable Indian daughter against the background of the formative years of India after independence, the novel grew and Seth was to labour over it for almost a decade. The 1474-page novel is a four-family saga set in post-independence, post-Partition India, and alternatively satirically and earnestly examines issues of national politics in the period leading up to the first post-independence national election of 1952, inter-sectarian animosity, the status of lower caste peoples such as the jatav, land reform and the eclipse of the feudal princes and landlords, academic affairs, inter- and intra-family relations and a range of further issues of importance to the characters. The Suitable Boy

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By:- Monica. K

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