logging in or signing up The Discipline of Teams monamrit Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 413 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (2) Dislike it (0) Added: January 15, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: thiyam (22 month(s) ago) its really great Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript The Discipline of Teams : The Discipline of Teams Overview : Overview 1. Introduction 2. Disciplined Approach to Team Management 3. Team performance 4. Classification of teams 5. Top Management Teams 6. Building Team Performance 7. Conclusion 1. Introduction : 1. Introduction Real Teams : Real Teams Perform Not just amorphous groups labelled as teams because it sounds motivating and energizing Discipline in Teams : Discipline in Teams Makes them work more effectively; Cannot be separated from good performance; There cannot be one without the other Teams : Teams The term used so loosely that it is stops learning and application of the discipline which leads to good performance A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, set of performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable Teams….. : Teams….. Require both individual and mutual accountability Rely on more than group discussion, debate and decision On more than sharing information and best-practice performance standards More than the sum of its parts A team’s performance includes both individual results and “collective work products” Teamwork : Teamwork most managers advocate it represents a set of values that encourages listening and responding constructively to expressed by others; give others the benefit of the doubt; provide support; and recognize the interests and achievements of others Working Groups : Working Groups Committees, councils and task forces – not necessarily teams Do not become teams just because they are labelled as teams A working group’s performance is a function of what its members do as individuals Working Groups……. : Working Groups……. Both prevalent and effective in large organizations, where individual accountability is important Share information, perspectives, and insights Make decisions that help each person do his or her job better Reinforce individual performance standards Always focus on individual goals and accountabilities Members do not take responsibility for results other than their own Not All Groups Are Teams:How to tell the difference : Not All Groups Are Teams:How to tell the difference 2. Disciplined Approach toTeam Management : 2. Disciplined Approach toTeam Management Performance goals : Performance goals Best teams translate their common purpose into specific performance goals Without them, teams get confused, pull apart and revert to mediocre performance They must be directly related to the team’s overall purpose Purpose and performance goals must build upon one another, and in combination with team commitment becomes a powerful engine of performance Importance of specific goalsfor teams : Importance of specific goalsfor teams Defines a set of work products that are different both from an organization-wide mission and from individual job objectives The specificity facilitates clear communication and constructive criticism Helps maintain their focus on getting results A levelling effect conducive to team behaviour Allow achievement of small wins as it pursues its broader objectives Compelling symbols of accomplishment that motivate and energize Slide 15: Combination of purpose and specific goals Each depends on the other to remain relevant and vital Performance goals help teams keep track of progress and accountability Team’s purpose provides meaning and emotional energy Optimal size of teams : Optimal size of teams Effective teams range from 2 and 25 Small size is a pragmatic guide rather than absolute necessity Beyond 50, teams likely to break into sub teams Large groups face trouble interacting constructively, much less doing real work together 10 people are far more likely than 50 to work through their individual, functional and hierarchical differences Large Groups : Large Groups Face difficulties in finding enough physical space and time to meet Confront complex constraints like crowd or herd behaviour Prevents the intense sharing of viewpoints needed to build a team Usually produce superficial “missions” and well meaning intentions Meetings become a chore, with people unsure of why they have gathered. 3. Team performance : 3. Team performance Skill requirement falls into three categories : Skill requirement falls into three categories Technical and functional skills Problem Solving and decision making skills Interpersonal skills Minimum complement of skills : Minimum complement of skills Effective teams needs them especially technical and functional skills Many teams were established with members chosen on the basis of personal compatibility or formal position in the organization Skill mix of members must be considered Skills in team selection : Skills in team selection Can be often overemphasized In all successful teams, no one had all the needed skills in the beginning Teams can lead to the development of skills needed to meet the team’s performance challenge Should rely on skill potential as well as on proven skills Common approach for teams : Common approach for teams Effective teams develop strong commitment to common approach. How they will work together, who will do what, what individual skills are needed and how they will be integrated together, how the team will make and modify decision. Delegating all the real work to a few members and relying on reviews and meetings for is only “work together” aspects cannot sustain a real team. Emotional logic of teams : Emotional logic of teams Every member does equivalent amounts of real work All including the team leader contributes in concrete ways to the team’s work product Each member has pre-existing job assignments, strengths and weaknesses, reflecting a variety of talents, backgrounds, personalities and prejudices Through mutual discovery and understanding, the team develops A critical element of a commitment-building process Establishes a social contract among members that relates to their purpose and guides them how they must work together. Mutual accountability : Mutual accountability No group ever becomes a team unless it hold itself accountable as a team Moving from “the boss holds me accountable” to “we hold ourselves accountable” An ingrained performance ethic that enables teams to form organically “Being in the boat together” Underpins two critical aspects of effective teams – commitment and trust Cannot be coerced Mutual accountability...... : Energizes and motivates members in ways their “normal” jobs could never match Produces the rich rewards of mutual achievement which all members share Arises from and reinforced by the time, energy and action invested in determining what the team is trying to accomplish and how best to get it done Produces the rich rewards of mutual achievement which all members share Mutual accountability...... Setting appropriate performance goals : Setting appropriate performance goals Team members able to discuss the goals and the approaches Giving members a choice – they can either opt out or pitch in and become accountable 4. Classification of teams : 4. Classification of teams Classification of teams : Classification of teams Teams that recommend things Teams that make or do things Teams that run things 1. Teams that recommendthings : 1. Teams that recommendthings Task forces, project groups, audit, quality or safety groups asked to study and solve particular problems Have predetermined completion dates Two unique critical issues: a. Getting off to a fast and constructive start b. Ultimate handoff to get recommendations implemented a. Getting off to a fast and constructivestart : a. Getting off to a fast and constructivestart Key lies in the clarity of the team’s rights and the composition of the team Teams want to know why and how their efforts are important and need a clear definition of whom management expects to participate and the time commitment required Management ensures that the team includes people with the skills and influence necessary for identifying practical recommendations; open doors and deal with political obstacles b. Ultimate handoff to get recommendationsimplemented : b. Ultimate handoff to get recommendationsimplemented Top management must pay attention to the transfer of responsibility They cannot assume that it will “just happen” The more involvement the members have in implementing their responsibilities, the more likely they will be implemented It is important for people outside the task force to be involve in the process early and often, well before the recommendations are finalized Anyone responsible for the implementation should be briefed on the task force purpose, approach and objectives and regular review of progress 2. Teams that make or dothings : 2. Teams that make or dothings Involved in manufacturing, development, operations, marketing, sales, service and other value-adding, on-going activities Have no set completion dates Top management must concentrate on the organization’s “critical delivery points” – places where the cost and value of the organization’s products and services are most directly determined 3. Teams that run things : 3. Teams that run things From the top down through the divisional or functional level Oversees some business, on-going programme or significant functional activity Must determine whether a real team approach is the right one, i.e., whether the sum of individual best will be enough for the performance challenge or whether the group must deliver real joint work products Team option promises greater performance but also brings risks The price of faking the teamapproach : The price of faking the teamapproach High Members get diverted from their individual goals, cost outweighs benefits and people resent the imposition on their time and priorities Serious animosities develop that undermines the personal bests of the working group approach Team Option : Team Option The smartest one if multiple skills, perspectives and judgements in real time are needed for performance at the critical delivery points Management must established a carefully constructed and performance-focused set of processes to synchronized the teams There must be a relentless focus on performance and the link between teams and performance must be clearly established Management must pay attention both to the team basics performance results, focussing on specific teams and specific performance challenges Identifying specificpurposes and goals : Identifying specificpurposes and goals Teams that run things must do this They should not confuse the broad mission of the total organization with the specific purpose of their small group For real teams to form, there must be a team purpose that this distinctive and specific to the small group 5. Top Management Teamsand threats to Teams : 5. Top Management Teamsand threats to Teams Top Management Team : The most powerful team in an organization Complexities of long-term challenges, heavy demands on time, deep-seated individualism of senior people conspires against teams at the top The discipline for top management teams most difficult Still needlessly constrained themselves from achieving real team levels of performance Top Management Team Assumptions that do notapply to top teams : Assumptions that do notapply to top teams All direct reports must be on the team Goals must be identical to organization’s goals Team members’ position rather than skills determine their respective roles Conclusion onTop Management Team : Conclusion onTop Management Team The most practical and powerful vehicle for organizations facing specific performance challenges Top management must focus on the organization’s performance and the kinds of teams that can deliver it They must recognize a team’s unique potential to deliver results, deploy teams strategically when they are appropriate They must foster the basic discipline of teams to make them effective This way they create an environment that enables team as well as individual and organizational performance Problems faced by Teams : Problems faced by Teams Main issue faced by team is determining whether a real team approach is the right one. Second major issue for teams is to identify specific purposes and goals. First threat of Team : First threat of Team Groups that run things are good as working group than Teams as they focus on performance. Teams have risk of compromising Members have to trust their fate on others Second threat of Team : Second threat of Team Teams confuse themselves with the goals of individual teams and the organization Complexities at the top level of management Leader concept in Team also comes up in Top management 6. Building Team Performance : 6. Building Team Performance Focus on seven areas : Focus on seven areas 1. Establish urgency, demanding performance standards, and direction 2. Select members for skill and skill potential, not personality 3. Pay particular attention to first meetings and actions 4. Set and seize upon a few immediate performance-oriented tasks and goals 5. Challenge the group regularly with fresh facts and information 6. Spends a lot of team together 7. Exploit the power of positive feedback, recognition, and reward 1. Establish urgency, demanding performancestandards, and direction : 1. Establish urgency, demanding performancestandards, and direction Team members need to believe the team has urgent and worthwhile purpose They want to know what the expectations are Teams work best in a compelling context Organizations with strong performance ethics form teams readily 2. Select members for skill and skillpotential, not personality : 2. Select members for skill and skillpotential, not personality Teams need all the skills to meet its purpose and performance goals But most teams identify the skills needed only after they are formed Effective managers choose team members for their existing skills and their potential to improve existing skills and learn new ones 3. Pay particular attention to first meetings andactions : 3. Pay particular attention to first meetings andactions First impressions matter a great deal Everyone monitors the signals given by others to confirm, suspend, or dispel assumptions and concerns Particular attention is paid to those in authority – the team leader and any manager who set up, oversee, or otherwise influence the team What leaders do is more important than what they say If the leader leaves the team kick-off to take a phone call 10 minutes after the session has begun and never returns, members get the message 4. Set and seize upon a few immediateperformance-oriented tasks and goals : 4. Set and seize upon a few immediateperformance-oriented tasks and goals Key performance-oriented events are critical for effective teams Can be set in motion by immediately establishing a few challenging goals that can be reached early on Cannot be a real team without performance results The sooner the results occur, the quicker the team congeals 5. Challenge the group regularly with fresh factsand information : 5. Challenge the group regularly with fresh factsand information New information help shape the team to shape a common purpose, set clear goals and improve its common approach New information causes a team to redefine and enrich its understanding of the performance challenges Teams made mistakes by assuming that all the information needed exist in the collective experience and knowledge of its members 6. Spends a lot of time together : 6. Spends a lot of time together Successful teams give themselves the time to learn to be a team Must spend a lot of time together, scheduled or unscheduled, especially in the beginning Through impromptu and casual interactions, creative insights and personal bonding can be achieved Busy leaders and managers too often intentionally minimize the time they spend together Time spend together can be physical as well as with other means, electronic, fax and phone time 7. Exploit the power of positive feedback,recognition, and reward : 7. Exploit the power of positive feedback,recognition, and reward Positive recognition works well Giving out “gold stars” helps shape new behaviours critical to team performance In addition direct compensation to recognize and reward team performance, managers can speak directly to the team about the urgency of its mission, and awarding contributions In the end, the satisfaction by a team in its own performance is the most cherished reward 7. Conclusion : 7. Conclusion CONCLUSION : CONCLUSION The most practical and powerful vehicle for organizations facing specific performance challenges Top management must focus on the organization’s performance and the kinds of teams that can deliver it They must recognize a team’s unique potential to deliver results, deploy teams strategically when they are appropriate They must foster the basic discipline of teams to make them effective This way they create an environment that enables team as well as individual and organizational performance You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.