Surat City- Solar Master Plan

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Solar city master plan surat city:

Solar city master plan surat city Surat Municipal Corporation

Content of Presentation:

Content of Presentation Surat City Surat Municipal Corporation... An Energy Conscious Urban Local Body Solar City Master Plan... Targets, Planning & Schedules Challenges, submissions & way-forward

Surat city:

Surat city Surat Municipal Corporation

Location of Surat:

Location of Surat 4 Surat

Surat City:

Surat City 8 th largest in India 2 nd largest city in Gujarat Among the fastest growing cities in India. 42 % of the world’s total rough diamond cutting and polishing, 70 % of the nation’s total rough diamond cutting and polishing, 40 % of the nation’s total diamond exports, 40 % of the nation’s total man made fabric production, 28 % of the nation’s total man made fibre production 18 % of the nation’s total man made fibre export, and 12 % of the nation’s total fabric production. Large number of textile process houses.

Growth of City:

Growth of City Historical Development Of Surat Dates Back To 300 BC. Municipality Established In 1852 AD. Municipal Corporation Formed In 1966. Year Area in Sq. Km Population (in Million) 1951 8.18 0.223 1961 8.18 0.288 1971 33.85 0.472 1981 55.56 0.776 1991 111.16 1.499 2001 112.27 2.434 2001* 326.51 2.877 2011 326.51 ~ 4.451

City Expansion:

City Expansion 8 Municipality & 27 Village Panchayats Unprecedented growth in last four decades. 10-fold population rise. Now ranks the 8th largest city in the country. Jurisdictional limits extended to 3 fold.

Municipal Administration Overview:

Municipal Administration Overview Area 326 . 51 s q km s Population ~ 4.45 Million (2011) Density 13,629 persons per sq. km Decadal Growth Rate 62% Admn. Zones 7 Ward Offices 83 Civic centres 16 Election Wards 38

Social Infrastructure:

Social Infrastructure Schools 270 ( MSB) 1.45 lac students 9 SUMAN 5,000 students Hospitals 2 [ 120 beds and 750 beds] Health Centers & Maternity Homes 29 [18 + 11] Mobile Dispensaries 8 Medical College 1 Aanganwadi 516 Gardens : 88 Swimming pools 10 Community halls 10 Library 2 Reading Rooms 38 Fire Stations 12

Municipal Infrastructure Overview:

Municipal Infrastructure Overview Sector Mar-2006 Feb-2013 Water treatment capacity 628 MLD 1,178 MLD Water storage capacity 450.25 Million Litres 650.25 Million Litres T & D network 2,370 kms 2,750 kms STP capacity 562.5 MLD 726.5 MLD Collection network 998.1 kms 1,300.0 kms Streetlights 57,849 Nos. 94,441 Nos. Storm drainage 321 kms 577 kms Solid waste Collection 900 TPD 1,447 TPD

Economic & Commercial overview of Surat City:

Economic & Commercial overview of Surat City There are more than 8000 units (Industrial and Trade Houses) Major Sector Textile Diamond Cutting & Polishing Jari, embroidery works Engineering Other Small Scale and Medium Scale Industries Source:- Southern Gujarat Chamber of Commerce & Industries, Surat , FY 2012-13

Surat Municipal Corporation... An Energy Conscious Urban Local Body:

Surat Municipal Corporation... An Energy Conscious Urban Local Body Surat Municipal Corporation

SMC- A Energy Conscious ULB:

SMC- A Energy Conscious ULB Pump sets are being designed considering the future requirements since so many years. First energy auditing was conducted at Head Water Works & Khatodara WDS of Water Supply System covering 25 pump sets well before enforcement of Gujarat Use of Electrical Energy (Regulation) Act- 1999. SMC had successfully represented before GERC to give power factor rebate for HT services in 1999. SMC had been maintaining average power factor @ 0.988 for 34 HT services since 2001. Switching “on” & “off” of streetlights are done as per local sunrise & sunset timings since so many years. Street lighting is done as per NEC code/ IS: 1944 and hadn't installed HPMV/ HPSV luminaires below 12 m wide road since 1996. By the end of 2001, all HPMV luminaires were removed from the street lighting system. Practice of switching “off” 33% streetlights during low traffic hours was implemented on major roads since 2000.

Creation of Energy Efficiency Cell:

Creation of Energy Efficiency Cell Increasing volume of services provided & energy rates, electricity budget increased to 450% within 6 years i.e. 1995-96 to 2000-01. Manifold rise in electricity expenses, compel SMC to create Energy Efficiency Cell in 2001 for dedicated efforts towards efficient utilization and reducing electricity expenses. Energy Efficiency Cell is created in Nov-2001 with following intensions & functions:- To conduct in house Energy Audit & External Energy Audit as per Act/ Order of Governments To identify energy conservation projects and feasibility To find out sources for procuring power at lowest possible price Feasibility study for captive power generation To protect the interest of SMC in GERC for tariff related maters Scrutiny of file having more than or equal to 30 kW power loading To monitor the usages of electricity through Energy Bill Monitoring System Activities related to MNRE’s programme of “Development of Solar Cities” Wind Power & Solar Power Generation Projects

Roles of Various Departments:

Roles of Various Departments Water Supply, Drainage, Streetlight & Others: Implementation of energy conservation suggestions given by/ through EEC. Assist EEC in finding out energy conservation areas Energy Generation from Bio-Gas {Produced from Liquid Sewage Waste} based Power Plant is done by Drainage Department Energy Generation from Solid Waste based Power Plant is done by Solid Waste Department

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Generation Activities:

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Generation Activities Water Supply System: - TRENDS OF ENERGY IN WATER SUPPLY IN 2003-04 : - Contribution of energy bill is about ~66% in O&M cost of water supply (2003-04). SMC has adopted the following measures for energy conservation: Re-Engineering in Water Supply Routes Increasing pumping efficiency Every day 479 MLD water was being supplied Grid network consist of; 4 nos. of Water Works having installed water treatment capacity of 628 MLD. 9 nos. of water distribution stations and 4 nos. of pumping stations.

Re-engineering of Water Supply Routes:

Re-engineering of Water Supply Routes Rander WW Katargam WW Head WW Sarthana WW Joganinagar WDS Athawa WDS Katargam WDS Gotalawadi PS Kinnary WDS Dumbhal WDS Umarwada WDS Udhana Udyognagar Sangh WDS Khatodara WDS Udhana WDS Pandesara WDS Althan WDS

Achievements in EE Activities:

Achievements in EE Activities Summary of EE Activities: - Recurring Energy Saving: 18.58 GWH per annum Saving Amount: Rs . 7.86 Crores per annum Total Investment made: Rs. 6.97 Crores

Major Achievements in RE generation:

Major Achievements in RE generation (1) 3 MW Wind Power Plant Commissioned on 02-Nov-2010 Energy Generation Till 18-Feb-2013: 18.07 GWH Benefits Received in Electricity Bill (Gross): Rs. 8.66 Crores (2) 3.5 MWe Bio-gas based Power Plants 1 st Commissioned in Oct-2003 (0.5 MWe ), Other 3 commissioned in 2008 Energy Generation Till Jan-2013: 38.98 GWH Saving in Electricity Bill (Gross): Rs. 18.09 Crores

Awards & Recognitions received:

Awards & Recognitions received National Energy Conservation Awards 2011 under “Municipality” category for Wind Power Generation for Water Supply (Certificate of Merit). Energy generation from Bio-Gas produced from liquid waste was awarded First Prize by Bureau of Energy Efficiency for National Energy Conservation Awards 2009 under “Municipality” category. National Urban Water Awards 2009 for the activity of water supply management & energy generation from bio-gas (Second Price under category of Technical Innovation ). Activity named “Re-engineering of Water Supply Routes for Effective Energy Savings” was among total 16 Finalists in National Water Urban Awards 2008 .

Solar city master plan... Targets, Planning and schedules:

Surat Municipal Corporation Solar city master plan... Targets, Planning and schedules

Different Stages of Development of Master Plan:

Different Stages of Development of Master Plan 1 st Solar City Stake Holder Committee’s meeting held on 15/07/2011 Draft Master Plan Submitted to SMC on 30/09/2011 2 nd Solar City Stake Holder Committee’s meeting held on 29/11/2011 1 st Draft of Master Plan Submitted to SMC on 25/01/2012 3 rd Solar City Stake Holder Committee’s meeting held on 24/02/2012 2 nd Draft of Master Plan submitted to SMC on 08/10/2012 4 th Solar City Stake Holder Committee’s meeting held on 09/11/2012 5 th Solar City Stake Holder Committee’s meeting held on 09-10/01/2013 Final Master Plan submitted to SMC on 06/02/2013 .

Different Stages of Development of Master Plan:

Different Stages of Development of Master Plan SMC had made resolution in Aug 2010 and formed Solar City Stake Holder’s Committee and Solar City Cell Solar City Stake Holder Committee Members Mayor- Surat Municipal Corporation Commissioner- Surat Municipal Corporation Standing Committee Chairman- Surat Municipal Corporation Light and Fire (Ext.) Committee Chairman- Surat Municipal Corporation South Gujarat Chamber of Commerce & Industries (SGCCI), SVNIT SCET Surat Builders Association Dakshin Gujarat Vij Company Ltd. (DGVCL) Torrent Power Ltd. (TPL) MANTRA Surat Diamond Association Pandesara Industrial Association Sachin Industrial Co-operative Society Ltd. Kataragam Industrial Shed Holders Association

Different Stages of Development of Master Plan:

Different Stages of Development of Master Plan Solar City Cell Members City Engineer- Chairman Deputy Commissioner (Planning and Development) Additional City Engineer ( Ele / Ele and Mech ) Hydraulic Engineer Executive Engineer ( Ele )- Head Water Works Executive Engineer- Drainage Department Executive Engineer- Road Development Department Executive Engineer- Bridge Cell Executive Engineer- Workshop Energy Efficiency Cell (Coordinator)

Growth Rate in Energy Consumption across different Sectors:

Growth Rate in Energy Consumption across different Sectors Sector Yearly Growth Rate in Energy Consumption Energy Consumption (MU) 2010-11 %age Projected Annual Growth Rate Projected Energy Consumption (MU) 2015-16 %age Residential 3,143.82 16.14 4.60% 3,865.69 14.71 Industrial 12,006.26 61.64 5.90% 15,173.18 57.74 Commercial 1,404.25 7.21 10.30% 2,132.07 8.11 Municipal 144.84 0.74 3.80% 179.70 0.68 Transportation 2,779.69 14.27 10.50% 4,929.94 18.76 Total 19,478.86 100.00 6.90% 26,280.57 100.00

Fuel Type Energy Consumption (Including Transportation sector) in base year, 2010-11:

Fuel Type Energy Consumption (Including Transportation sector) in base year, 2010-11

Energy Consumption in Various Sectors and 5 Year Reduction Targets (Proposed):

Energy Consumption in Various Sectors and 5 Year Reduction Targets (Proposed) Sector Projected Energy Cons. 2015-16 (EQ. GWH) Share 5 year Reduction Target (EQ. GWH) % of Projected Energy Cons. 5 year Reduction Target {EE} (EQ. GWH) Share 5 year Reduction Target {RE} (EQ. GWH) Share Municipal 179.70 0.84% 173.97 0.81% 7.85 0.37% 166.12 7.78% Commercial 2,132.07 9.99% 137.91 0.65% 91.46 4.28% 46.45 2.17% Residential 3,865.69 18.11% 442.41 2.07% 101.52 4.75% 340.89 15.96% Industrial 15,173.18 71.07% 1,382.08 6.47% 167.32 7.83% 1,214.76 56.86% Total 21,350.63 100.00% 2,136.38 10.01% 368.15 17.23% 1,768.23 82.77%

Break-up of Proposed Energy Consumption in 2015-16:

Break-up of Proposed Energy Consumption in 2015-16

Sector-Wise Reduction Target:

Sector-Wise Reduction Target

Reduction Target for Sectors (Year Wise):

Reduction Target for Sectors (Year Wise) Sectors Reduction Target (GWH) Total Reduction of GHG emission in five years (‘000 tCO 2 e) 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 Total 1 st Year (0%) 2 nd Year (10%) 3 rd Year (25%) 4 th Year (35%) 5 th Year (30%) Municipal -- 17.40 43.49 60.89 52.19 173.97 146.13 Commercial -- 13.79 34.48 48.27 41.37 137.91 115.84 Residential -- 44.24 110.60 154.84 132.72 442.41 371.62 Industrial -- 138.21 345.52 483.73 414.62 1,382.08 1,160.95 Total Nil 213.64 534.09 747.73 640.90 2,136.38 1,794.56

Municipal Sector:

Municipal Sector Inter- vention Type Intervention Description Target Number Energy Savings ( MU ) EE Replacement of inefficient pump sets (150 HP) 100 6.21 Replacement of T-12 FL Lamps with T-8 & T-5 Fl lamps 10,000 0.35 Replacement of 70 W HPSV luminaires with 45 W LED luminaires 3,500 0.49 Replacement of 36 W FL luminaires with 25 W LED luminaires 40,000 0.80 RE MSW based Power Plant (10 MW ) 1 67.98 MSW based Power Plant (6.25 MW ) 1 42.49 Bio Gas based Power Plant (0.575 MW ) 4 8.06 SPV Power Plant (100 kWp ) 20 3.05 SPV Power Plant (150 kWp ) 20 4.58 Solar Water Heating Systems (200 LPD ) 95 0.24 Wind Power Plant ( 2.1MW) 10 39.74 Total Energy Savings 173.97

Commercial Sector:

Commercial Sector Inter- vention Type Intervention Description Target Number Energy Savings ( MU) EE Replacement of T-12 FL Lamps with T-8 & T-5 Fl lamps 4,40,624 19.30 Replacement of T-12 FL Lamps with T-8 & T-5 Fl lamps 4,40,624 19.30 Replacement of Existing AC by Energy Efficiency 5* Rated 44,062 48.41 Replacement of Existing AC by Energy Efficiency 5* Rated 4,050 4.45 RE Solar Water Heating Systems ( 200 LPD ) 5,060 12.65 Solar Steam Cooking for Hostels & Hotels (500 Persons) 25 1.50 Biogas for Hostels, Hotels and Restaurants etc. 100 0.58 SPV Power Plant ( 5kW) 4,160 31.72 Total Energy Savings 137.90

Residential Sector:

Residential Sector Inter- vention Type Intervention Description Target Number Energy Savings ( MU) EE Replacement of T-12 FL Lamps with T-8 & T-5 Fl lamps 10,96,116 32.01 Replacement of Incandescent (GLS) Bulb with CFL/ T-5 lamps 10,96,116 48.01 Replacement of Existing AC by Energy Efficiency 5* Rated (1.5 Tr ) 54,806 21.50 RE Solar Water Heating Systems (200 LPD ) 1,09,612 274.03 SPV Power Plant(1kW) 43,845 66.86 Total Energy Savings 442.41

Industrial Sector:

Industrial Sector Inter- vention Type Intervention Description Target Number Energy Savings ( MU) EE Replacement of T-12 FL Lamps with T-8 & T-5 Fl lamps 4,90,210 25.77 Replacement of Existing AC by Energy Efficiency 5* Rated ( 2 Tr ) 49,020 61.55 Energy Efficiency improvement in various industrial processes 100 80.00 RE Solar Water Heating Systems ( 500 LPD) 4,956 30.98 SPV Power Plant ( 10 kWp ) 4,902 74.76 SPV Power Plant ( 1 MW) 50 76.25 SPV Power Plant (5 MW) 30 228.75 SPV Power Plant (10 MW) 10 152.50 Wind Power Plant(0.8 MW) 80 116.05 Wind Power Plant( 1.5 MW) 80 217.60 Wind Power Plant (2.1 MW) 80 317.88 Total Savings due to RE and EE 1,382.09

PowerPoint Presentation:

Budgetary Estimation Sector Government Subsidy (Million INR) Users Contribution (Million INR) Total Budget required (Million INR) Municipal 361 4,277 4,638 Commercial 998 2,865 3,863 Residential 4,406 9,076 13,482 Industrial 13,757 37,462 51,218 Total value 19,523 53,680 73,202 Percentage 26.67% 73.33% 100.00%

Actions Initiated in Municipal Sector:

Actions Initiated in Municipal Sector Installation of 100 kWp Solar Photovoltaic based Power Plant at Science Centre is completed Installation of 8.4 MW Wind Power Plant is already under progress and it is expected to be operational in Mar-2013 Work of generation of 16 MW power from 1,000 TPD of Un-segregated MSW is already awarded Energy Audit of sites having contract demand of 75 kW or more conducted regularly and energy conservation measures implemented regularly Demonstration of LED luminaries for streetlights is near completion and positive results are achieved Mass awareness for residential sector through distributing > 2 lakhs handbills on energy conservation

PowerPoint Presentation:

Surat Municipal Corporation Challenges, submissions & way-forward

Challenges:

Challenges Assessment of Energy Consumption & Conservation of motive power usages in industrial sector as it is major component of energy consumption Use of Solar Power in Industrial Applications Massive fund required over Rs. 7320.00 Crores over period of 4 years Enforcement of energy conservation policies for various sectors Use of renewable sources/ devices like Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants & SWH systems as sufficient space/ land isn’t available, land prices are very high Natural gas based heating is cheaper than SWH system for residential sector

Challenges:

Projected Coal consumption accounting for 36% Projected consumption of other various fuels/ energy sources except electricity is 58% i.e. other sources contributing 1.38 times of electricity. Projected industrial energy demand is 71%, which may be much higher than most of the Solar Cities As most of the EE & RE targets (10%) are to be met with electricity; hence, RE generation required over 16% of electricity demand . Overall of 791 MW of RE generation (Solar- 418 MW, Wind- 373 MW) is required to met the targets. Expected Renewable Power Purchase Obligations (RPPO) applicable to discoms & open access consumers is up to 2015-16 is 8.5% (Wind 6%, Solar 1.5%, Others 1%) only. Challenges

Challenges:

RPPO can be met by discoms / open access consumers through RE sources installed before 2011-12 REC can be purchased from anywhere within India RE can be purchased from outside Surat city Which makes available RPPO purchase for Solar City targets for Surat city even less by 2% (min.) Hence, RPPO available is only 6.5% {max.} and required to be generated is around 16% and therefore, discoms may not purchase additional RE generated under “Solar City”. Therefore, additional 70% subsidy is demanded to achieve targets. To encourage RE generation, special provisions/ policies/ changes in Act etc. are necessary to be made. Considering all of the above, special considerations as well as subsidies should be given to Surat City as well as other Solar Cities for Making Them Real “Solar Cities” Challenges

Challenges:

How accounts of the usages of various energy sources/ fuels in the city shall be monitored and how the targeted energy/ fuel consumption in the city as well as EE & RE measures shall be verified? Who will bear the cost of these activities? How much grant shall be provided by MNRE for doing these activities to ULBs? How much grant shall be provided by MNRE to encourage energy efficiency and energy auditing in various sectors? What help will be provided by MNRE regarding EE (energy efficiency) in the various industrial processes and motive power usages in various sectors? Total proposed investment is huge amounting Rs. 7320/- Cr. for achieving these targets. As relaxation in tariffs for Solar & Wind, subsidies/ financial assistances are also given for the same. But, how much additional grant shall be given by MNRE to achieving targets for renewable energy sources? What are the consequences of not achieving the EE & RE targets? Challenges

Submission & way-forward for City as a Whole:

Wind power generation: 373 MW Solar power generation: 419 MW SWH System: 25.4 MLD Bio Gas & Solid waste power: 18.55 MW All above will cause expenditure of Rs. 7320/- Cr. Therefore, provision of capital subsidies and other encouragements as appropriate to Ministry must be provided to really serve the purposes as are envisaged in the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission. Submission & way-forward for City as a Whole

Submission & way-forward for Surat Municipal Corporation in particular:

Wind power generation: 21 MW Solar power generation: 5 MW Bio Gas power: 2.3 MW Energy Efficient Luminaires: 53,500 nos. All above will cause huge expenditure of > Rs. 145/- Cr. Against total connected load of 55 MW, if appropriately encouraged by the Ministry, more than 96% can be catered through RE/EE measures Surat Municipal Corporation is already struggling to meet the challenges of 100% recovery of O & M cost in all essential services of Water Supply, Sewage & Solid Waste Disposal. Therefore, in the circumstances, unless capital subsidies/ GBI/ and other incentives are provided, it will be difficult way-forward. Like JNNURM mission, appeal is to sanction DPR in JNNSM Solar Mission also for the RE/EE proposals planned in the programme . RPPO limits must be increased & all ULBs must be in particular preferred by the Power Distribution Companies. Submission & way-forward for Surat Municipal Corporation in particular

THANKS:

THANKS Surat Municipal Corporation

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