GEOGRAPHY PPT

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PRESENTATION IS ON PENINSULAR PLATEAU

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THERE ARE SIX PHYSIOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS OF INDIA :- HIMALAYAS , NORTHERN PLAINS , PENINSULA PLATEAU , INDIAN DESERT , COASTAL PLAINS AND ISLANDS . AND WE HAVE CHOOSEN

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Peninsula plateau

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DIVISION OF PENINSULA PLATEAU MALWA PLATEAU/CENTRAL HIGHLANDS BUNDELKHAND CHOTA NAGPUR PLATEAU DECCAN PLATEAU

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MALWA PLATEAU The plateau that forms a large part of the region carries the name Malwa Plateau , after the region. The average elevation of the Malwa plateau sits at 500 meters, and the landscape generally slopes towards the north. This plateau is also known as CENTRAL HIGHLAND . The Chambal River and its tributaries drains most of the region; the upper reaches of the Mahi River drains the western part. Malwa plateau extends to south of the Vindhyas. Geologically, the Malwa Plateau generally refers to the volcanic upland south of the Vindhyas, which includes the Malwa region and extends east to include the upper basin of the Betwa and the headwaters of the Dhasan and Ken rivers.

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BUNDELKHAND

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The northern part of Bundelkhand, almost entirely in UP, is a flat plain. In the central and southern part are rocky outcrops, stepped Vindhyan plateaus that rise 300 to 450 m above sea level, and broken hill ranges up to a height of 600 m. Hill ranges are prominent in Panna and Damoh districts, in the southeast, and Sagar district, in the southwest. All major rivers of the region flow from south to north, emptying into the Yamuna. Physical relief of bundelkhand

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Chota nagpur plateau The Chota Nagpur Plateau is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa , WestBengal , Bihar and Chhattisgarh . The Indo-Gangetic plain lies to the north and east of the plateau, and the basin of the Mahanadi River lies to the south. The total area of the Chota Plateau is approximately 65,000 square kilometres (25,000 sq mi).

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The Chota Nagpur Plateau is a continental plateau - an extensive area of land thrust above the general land. The plateau has been formed by continental uplift from forces acting deep inside the earth. The Gondwana substrates attest to the plateau's ancient origin. It is part of the Deccan Plate, which broke free from the southern continent during the Cretaceous to embark on a 50-million-year journey that was violently interrupted by the northern Eurasian continent. The northeastern part of the Deccan Plateau , where this ecoregion sits, was the first area of contact with Eurasia. formation

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C hota Nagpur plateau is a store house of minerals like mica , bauxite , copper , limestone , iron ore and coal . The Damodar valley is rich in coal and it is considered as the prime centre of coking coal in the country. Massive coal deposits are found in the central basin spreading over 2,883 km 2 . The important coalfields in the basin are Jharia , Raniganj , West Bokaro , East Bokaro , Ramgarh , South Karanpura and North Karanpura . MINERALS FOUND IN CHOTA NAGPUR

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The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau in India , making up most of the southern part of the country. It rises a hundred meters high in the north, and more than a kilometer high in the south, forming a raised triangle within the familiar downward-pointing triangle of the Indian subcontinent 's coastline. It extends over eight Indian states and encompasses a wide range of habitats, covering most of central and southern India. It is located between three mountain ranges: the Western Ghats form its western boundary, and the Eastern Ghats its eastern boundary. Each rises from their respective nearby coastal plains and nearly meet at the southern tip of India. It is separated from the Gangetic plain to the north by the Satpura and Vindhya Ranges , which form its northern boundary. The name Deccan is an anglicized form of the Prakrit word dakkhin , itself derived from the Sanskrit word dákṣiṇa , meaning "south". Deccan plateau

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The Deccan Plateau lies south of the Indo-Gangetic plain . The Western Ghats Mountain Range is tall and blocks the moisture from the southwest monsoon from reaching the Deccan Plateau, so the region receives very little rainfall. The eastern Deccan Plateau is at a lower elevation spanning the southeastern coast of India. Its forests are also relatively dry but serve to retain the rain to form streams that feed into rivers that flow into basins and then into the Bay of Bengal. Most Deccan plateau rivers flow south. Most of the northern part of the plateau is drained by the Godavari River and its tributaries, including the Indravati River , starting from the Western Ghats and flowing east towards the Bay of Bengal. Most of the central plateau is drained by the Tungabhadra River , Krishna River and its tributaries, including the Bhima River , which also run east. The southernmost part of the plateau is drained by the Kaveri River , which rises in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and bends south to break through the Nilgiri Hills at Hogenakal Falls into Tamil Nadu, the second-biggest waterfall in India and the sixteenth-largest in the world.

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Ghat means a mountain passes. These Ghats are the great bio diversity hot spots and are the home to many endangered species of animals and birds. Ghats in India are mainly constituted by the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. The Western Ghats extend about 1,609 km along the coast of Arabian Sea, while the eastern Ghats extend to about 1,448 km along the coast of Bay of Bengal. GhatS

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Eastern ghats The Eastern Ghats or Eastern Ghauts are a discontinuous range of mountains along India’s eastern coast. The Eastern Ghats run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka . They are eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India , the Godavari , Mahanadi , Krishna , and Kaveri . The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal . The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats . The coastal plains lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the Western Ghats. As with the Western Ghats, these mountain ranges also have their local names, e.g. the Velikonda Range of Andhra Pradesh. Papi Hills in Andhra Pradesh are a part of Eastern Ghats.

The Western Ghats , Western Ghauts or the Sahyādri constitute a mountain range along the western side of India. This range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra , Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at Kanyakumari , at the southern tip of India. :

The Western Ghats , Western Ghauts or the Sahyādri constitute a mountain range along the western side of India . This range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau , and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea . The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra , south of the Tapti river , and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra , Goa , Karnataka , Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at Kanyakumari , at the southern tip of India. The Western Ghats are not true mountains, but are the faulted edge of the Deccan Plateau . They are believed to have been formed during the break-up of the super continent of Gondwana some 150 million years ago. Western Ghats

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WESTERN GHATS DECCAN PLATEAU

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Eastern Ghats are older than Western Ghats. Starting at West Bengal, Eastern Ghats pass through states like Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu. Western Ghats are new than Eastern Ghats. Starting at South of the Tapti river (near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra), and pass through states like Maharashtra, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamilnadu. EASTERN GHATS WESTERN GHATS Eastern Ghats Western Ghats

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The peaks Hecuba (2375 m), Kattadadu (2418 m) and Kulkudi (2439 m) are the three closely linked summits in the west of the Dodabetta range near to Udagamandalam. In the Nilgiris plateau, Dodabetta is highest peak, remarkable for the flattened curve of its summit. The peak has a prominence of 2,256m with its key saddle located just east of Pollachi in Tamil Nadu along the Kaveri - Bharathappuzha water divide. DODA BETTA

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Anamudi or Anaimudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats in India , having an elevation of 2,695 metres (8,842 ft). Anamudi is also the highest point in South India, and also the highest point in India outside the Himalaya - Karakoram mountain range . This gives Anamudi its relatively large topographic prominence of 2,479 metres (8,133 ft. The peak is the highest point of the Periyar river basin. ANAI MUDI /ANA MUDI

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HIGHEST PEAKS IN WESTERN GHATS Rank Name Elevation (m) Location 01. Anamudi 2695 Eravikulam , Kerala 02. Meesapulimala 2640 Munnar , Kerala 03. Dodabetta 2637 Ooty , Tamil Nadu 04. Kodaikanal 2133 Kodaikanal , Tamil Nadu 05. Chembra Peak 2100 Wayanad , Kerala 06. Mullayanagiri 1930 Chikmagalur , Karnataka 07. Baba Budangiri 1895 Chikmagalur , Karnataka

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NITIN GUPTA SONU SINGH SUPRIYA RENU RADHA VAISHNAVI G ROUP M EMBERS

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