Law- Remedies for Breach of Contract

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Remedies for Breach of Contract:

Remedies for Breach of Contract

In case of Breach of Contract the aggrieved party has the following remedies : :

In case of Breach of Contract the aggrieved party has the following remedies : 1. Suit for specific performance 2. Suit for injunction 3. Suit for damages for the loss sustained 4. Quantum Meruit

Suit for Specific Performance:

Suit for Specific Performance In this case , the Court directs the party committing the breach of Contract to perform the promise according to the terms of Contract. Specific Performance of the Contract can be granted under Specific Relief Act 1877

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Specific Performance can be granted only when damages are an inadequate remedy or when the Court can supervise the execution of Contract, or when the Contract is Certain , Fair and Just. Specific Performance cannot be enforced of the Contracts of Personal Service

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Specific Performance can be granted only when damages are an inadequate remedy or when the Court can supervise the execution of Contract, or when the Contract is Certain , Fair and Just. Specific Performance cannot be enforced of the Contracts of Personal Service

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For Eg : A agrees to buy and B agrees to Sell a picture and two China Vases A may Compel B specifically to perform the Contract for there is no Standard for ascertaining the actual damage which would be caused by its non performance.

Suit for Injunction :

Suit for Injunction An injunction is an order of the Court directing a person to do or to refrain from doing some act, which is subject matter , Court can on a suit restrain a party by an order of injunction from Committing the breach. The power of Court is discretionary and can be granted for a temporary or an indefinite period.

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A a singer contracts with B the Manager of a theatre to Sing at his theatre for one year and to abstain from Singing at other theatres during the theatre. She absents herself , B cannot compel A to sing at his theatre, but he may sue her for an injunction restraining her from Singing at other theatres .

Suit for damages for the loss sustained:

Suit for damages for the loss sustained In case of a breach of Contract , injured party can claim damages for the loss caused by the breach of Contract Damages are given by the way of restitution and as a monetary compensation to the injured party.

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The aggrieved party can recover the actual loss caused to him by the breach of Contract. And not any unusual damages.

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For Eg : 1. A contracts to repair B’s house in a certain manner and receives payments in advance. A repairs the house but not according to the Contract. B is entitled to recover from A , the Cost of making the repairs conforming to the Contract

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4. Quantum Meruit : Quantum Meruit means as much as he has earned Where one person has expressly or impliedly requested another to render him a service without specifying any remuneration but the circumstances of the request imply that the Service is to be paid for there is implied promise to pay quantum Meruit that is so much as the party doing the service deserves

Types of Damages :

Types of Damages 1. Compensatory Damages : These damages are calculated to actually Compensate or make up the loss suffered by the party

For eg : :

For eg : A who owes money to B a money lender ,undertakes to repay him by delivering him 10 maunds of grain on a certain date , and stipulates that in the event of his not delivering the stipulated amount by the stipulated date, he shall be liable to deliver 20 paunds . This is a stipulation by way of penalty , and B is only entitled to reasonable Compensation in case of Breach.

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Nominal Damages: Damages which naturally arise in the usual course of things from the breach are called nominal damages. It is in the discretion of the Court whether to allow or refuse damages. Damages should however be actually suffered .

Exemplary Damages:

Exemplary Damages Losses which arise due to remoteor indirect consequences are not allowed. Exemplary damages are granted for Injured feelings, mental pain , suffering etc. For eg : Breach of Contract of Marriage, Banker reg \fusing to honour the Cheque of his Client having sufficient funds etc

Special Damages:

Special Damages These arise on account of unusual circumstances . Special damages can be recovered only if Stipulated in the Contract. Parties to the Contract must know of the damages likely to result from the Breach. Special damages are granted when the parties know at the time of making the Contract that the Special loss or damage would result or is likely to result from the Breach of Contract

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