Oliver Twist Chapter 1 modified

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Oliver Twist Chapter one:

السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 1 Oliver Twist Chapter one Prepared by: Mr Ahmed Saleh Shaymaa Secondary School for Girls

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 2 Vocabulary ملجأ لإعالة الفقراء (قديما) / إصلاحية للأحداث workhouse الثورة الصناعية The Industrial Revolution يتنفس breathe على الأقل at least بضعف / بوَهن weakly ضعيف weak يقبّل kiss – ed – ed يلتقط / يرفع pick up – picked up شخص يتيم orphan خدّ / وجنة الشخص cheek موظف / مسئول official فقير جدا / معدم destitute مدير manager بائس / تعيس wretched نحيف / نحيل الجسم thin تعرف على was introduced to

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 3 غير مريح uncomfortable يدرك realise – d – d الموت جوعا starving حساء مائي رقيق القوام thin soup غاضب بشدة furious مدير / رب العمل master على الفور / في الحال immediately يكرر (كلام أو فعل) repeat – ed – ed يحبس شخص في مكان lock someone كرم / سخاء generosity يضرب beat – beat – beaten يبكي حتى يغلبه النعاس cry himself to sleep صانع للتوابيت coffin maker بوابة مبنى كبير gate فرصة opportunity صبي يتعلم حرفة ما apprentice صاحب العمل employer مهتم بـ interested in يكلف / يتكلف cost يشكو complain – ed – ed الطابق السفلي downstairs يطعم feed – fed – fed

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 4 محاط بـ surrounded by يمانع mind يركل / يضرب بقدمه / ركلة kick – ed – ed توابيت لم يكتمل صنعها unfinished coffins بارد لدرجة التجمد freezing cold درف خشبية لنافذة أو درف لإغلاق متجر shutters قلب مكسور من الحزن broken heart مسرور من pleased with يعاقب punish – ed – ed خجلان ashamed يجذب / يسحب pull – ed – ed يضرب hit – hit – hit فورا / في الحال at once قبو / مخزن للمؤن cellar مهددا / متوعدا menacing يطرق على الباب knock on the door يهرب run away لا يحتمل / لا يطاق unbearable

Main text with translation:

السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 5 Main text with translation It was late at night in England during the Industrial Revolution . At this time, most English towns needed people to work in the factories that were beginning to open all over the country. Many people came to the towns to find work, but they were often so poor that they could not buy enough to eat and they had nowhere to sleep. So they went to the workhouses where at least they had a bed and some sort of food. كان الوقت متأخرا ليلا في إنجلترا أثناء الثورة الصناعية . في ذلك الوقت كانت معظم المدن الإنجليزية تحتاج إلى أشخاص لكي يعملوا في المصانع التي بدأت تفتح في كل أنحاء القطر. أتى الكثير من الناس إلى المدن لكي يجدوا عملا, ولكنهم كانوا غالبا فقراء جدا لدرجة أنه لم يكن باستطاعتهم شراء ما يكفيهم للطعام ولم يكن لديهم أي مكان للنوم. لذلك كانوا يذهبون إلى الملاجئ حيث كانوا يجدون على الأقل سريرا ونوعا من الطعام.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 6 In one such workhouse, an old nurse and a doctor were working in a small, dark room looking at a baby boy that had just been born. The baby found it difficult to breathe. They did not know if he would live. " What's the mother's name? " the doctor asked the nurse. " I don't know. She arrived at the workhouse last night ," said the nurse. " She was ill and weak when she came. “ في أحد هذه الملاجئ كانت ممرضة عجوز وطبيباً يعملان في حجرة صغيرة مظلمة ينظران إلى وَلد رضيع كان قد وُلد للتو. كان الطفل يجد صعوبة في التنفس. ولم يعرفا إذا كان الطفل سيعيش. سأل الطبيب الممرضة, " ما اسم والدة الطفل؟ " فقالت الممرضة, " لا أعرف. هي وصلت إلى الملجأ الليلة الماضية. كانت مريضة وواهنة عندما وصلت. "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 7 When the baby cried, the mother said weakly, " Can I see my new baby? " The nurse picked up the tiny boy and the mother saw him for the first time. She kissed him gently on the cheek and smiled. Then the mother died. " Poor woman ," said the nurse. " She was so beautiful. We'll never know who she was. “ عندما بكى الطفل قالت الأم بوَهن, " هل يمكنني أن أرى طفلي الجديد؟ " رَفعت الممرضة الطفل الصغير ورأته الأم للمرة الأولى. قامت بتقبيله برفق على خدّه وابتسمت. ثم ماتت الأم. قالت الممرضة, " يا لها من امرأة مسكينة, إنها جميلة جدا. نحن لن نعرف أبدا من هي. "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 8 The baby was called Oliver Twist. He was sent to live with other orphans in an old house nearby. The orphans were all the children of parents who had been destitute . A woman called Mrs Mann was given a little money to look after the orphans, but she decided that she needed some of this money for herself. For this reason, the boys never had very much to eat. تم اطلاق اسم أوليفر تويست على الطفل. وتم إرساله ليعيش مع الأيتام الآخرين في بيت قديم مجاور. كان الأيتام جميعا أطفالا لأباء شديدي الفقر . تم إعطاء القليل من المال إلى امرأة تُدعى السيدة مان لكي ترعى هؤلاء الأيتام. ولكنها قررت أنها تحتاج إلى بعض من هذا المال لنفسها. ولهذا السبب لم يجد الأولاد أبدا الكثير ليأكلوه.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 9 On his ninth birthday, Oliver was a small, weak child. He had spent all his life in the old building with Mrs Mann, who was no kinder to Oliver than she was to the other orphans. Oliver did not go to school and he did not know the world outside. في عيد ميلاده التاسع, كان أوليفر طفلا نحيلا ضعيفا. كان قد قضى حياته كلها في المبنى القديم مع السيدة مان التي لم تكن أكثر شفقة على أوليفر من الأيتام الآخرين. لم يذهب أوليفر إلى المدرسة ولم يكن يعرف العالم خارج المبنى.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 10 One day, an important man called Mr Bumble visited Mrs Mann. Mr Bumble was an official from the workhouse, where the older children from poor families were big enough to work for their food. " Now Oliver's nine, you don't need to look after him ," Mr Bumble told Mrs Mann. " He is old enough to work for us in the workhouse. “ في أحد الأيام, زار رجل مهم يُدعى السيد بمبل السيدة مان. كان السيد بمبل أحد المسئولين في الملجأ حيث يوجد الأطفال الأكبر سنا من الأسر الفقيرة الذين كانوا كبارا بما يكفي لكي يعملوا مقابل الحصول على طعامهم. قال السيد بمبل للسيدة مان, " الآن أوليفر في التاسعة من عمره. لا توجد ضرورة لأن تقوموا برعايته. إنه كبير بما يكفي لكي يعمل عندنا في الملجأ ."

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 11 Oliver was not sad to leave Mrs Mann, but he was sad to leave his friends and the only home he had ever known. He felt wretched as the door to the house was closed behind him. " Why are you crying? You're very lucky to work here ," the managers of the workhouse told Oliver when he arrived. " We'll give you food and a bed for nothing. " لم يكن أوليفر حزينا لترك السيدة مان, ولكنه كان حزينا لتركه أصدقائه والمنزل الوحيد الذي كان يعرفه. شعر أوليفر بالتعاسة عندما تم إغلاق باب المنزل خلفه. قال له مديرو الملجأ عندما وصل , " لماذا تبكي؟ إنك محظوظ جدا لأنك ستعمل هنا. سنعطيك طعاما وسريرا بدون مقابل . "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 12 The workhouse was a large, cold building. Oliver was introduced to the other boys who were all thin and weak as he was. They wore old clothes that were too big for them. Oliver worked hard at the workhouse with these boys and quickly realised that his life was not going to become any easier. His bed was uncomfortable and the food was never enough. All they ate was a thin soup. The boys he worked with were always hungry. كان الملجأ مبنًى كبيرا وباردا. تعرّف أوليفر على الأولاد الأخرين الذين كانوا يتسمون جميعا بالنحافة والضعف مثله. كانوا يرتدون ملابس قديمة والتي كانت واسعة جدا بالنسبة لهم. عمل أوليفر بمشقة في الملجأ مع هؤلاء الأولاد وأدرك سريعا أن حياته لن تصبح أسهل بأي حال من الأحوال. كان سريره غير مريح ولم يكن الطعام كافيا مطلقا. كل ما كانوا يأكلونه هو حساء مائي رقيق القوام. كان الأولاد الذين يعمل معهم دائما جائعون.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 13 After a few months, they were all so close to starving that they made a plan. They decided they must have more food, and they chose Oliver to ask for it. That evening in the big, cold hall, the boys finished eating their usual thin soup. Then Oliver stood up and walked to the master who gave them their food. " Please, sir, I want more food, " said Oliver. The master was furious . No one had ever asked for more before. " What did you say? " he cried. There was now silence in the big room. " Please, sir, I want some more ," Oliver repeated. بعد شهور قليلة, كان الأولاد جميعا على حافة الموت جوعا لدرجة أنهم وضعوا خطة. قرروا أنهم لابد أن يحصلوا على المزيد من الطعام, واختاروا أوليفر ليطلب ذلك. في ذلك المساء في القاعة الكبيرة الباردة, انتهى الأولاد من تناول حسائهم المائي المعتاد. ثم نهض أوليفر وسار حتى وصل إلى المدير الذي أعطاهم طعامهم وقال له, " أرجوك يا سيدي, أريد المزيد من الطعام. " اشتاط المدير غضبا . لم يسبق لأحد أن طلب المزيد من قبل, فصرخ قائلا, " ماذا قلت؟ " كان هناك صمت في الحجرة الكبيرة الأن, وكرر أوليفر طلبه, " أرجوك يا سيدي, أريد بعضا آخر. "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 14 The master angrily took Oliver's arm and immediately led him to the managers of the workhouse. He told them what Oliver had said. " If he is not happy with our generosity ," the managers said, " he must leave. " They decided to lock Oliver in a room and put a message on the door of the workhouse. It said that the workhouse would give five pounds to anyone who could take the boy away from them. أمسك المدير ذراع أوليفر بغضب وقاده على الفور إلى مدراء الملجأ وأخبرهم بما قاله أوليفر. قال المدراء, " إذا لم يكن سعيدا بكرمنا , فعليه أن يرحل ." وقرروا أن يحبسوا أوليفر في غرفة, ووضعوا رسالة على باب الملجأ تقول أن الملجأ سيعطي خمسة جنيهات لأي شخص سيأخذ الولد بعيدا عنهم.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 15 For weeks, Oliver stayed in the cold, dark room. He cried himself to sleep each night, then woke up each morning and began to cry again. He had never felt so alone. He was only taken from the room when it was time to eat. Mr Bumble did not want any of the other boys to ask for more food, so while they were eating, Mr Bumble made Oliver stand in front of them. Then he beat Oliver. This happened every day until a man called Sowerberry read the message on the workhouse gate. ظل أوليفر في الحجرة الباردة المظلمة لمدة أسابيع. كان يبكي كل ليلة إلى أن يغلبه النعاس, ثم يستيقظ كل صباح ويبدأ في البكاء مرة أخرى. لم يسبق له مطلقا أن شعر بالوحدة بهذه الطريقة. كان يتم إبعاده عن الغرفة عندما يحين وقت الطعام فقط. لم يكن السيد بمبل يريد أيا من الأولاد الأخرين أن يطلبوا مزيدا من الطعام, لذلك, فأثناء تناولهم للطعام كان السيد بمبل يجعل أوليفر يقف أمامهم, ثم يقوم بضربه . كان يحدث ذلك كل يوم, حتى قرأ رجل يُدعى سَوربيري الرسالة الموضوعة على بوابة الملجأ.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 16 Mr Sowerberry, the coffin maker, decided that he needed an apprentice and told Mr Bumble that he could take Oliver Twist. A new chapter in the boy's life was about to start. The next day, Mr Bumble took Oliver from the workhouse and walked with him to Mr Sowerberry's house. As they were walking down the street, Mr Bumble was surprised to see that Oliver was crying. " Why are you crying? " Mr Bumble shouted. " You should be happy to have the opportunity to work with someone like Mr Sowerberry. " " I'll be a good boy ," said Oliver. " But I have no … " " You have no what? " asked Mr Bumble. " I have no friends ," said Oliver quietly. قرر السيد سَوربيري, صانع التوابيت, أنه بحاجة إلى صبي للعمل وأخبر السيد بمبل أنه من الممكن أن يأخذ أوليفر تويست. كان فصلا جديدا في حياة الولد على وشك البدء. في اليوم التالي, أخذ السيد بمبل أوليفر من الملجأ وسار معه إلى منزل السيد سوربيري. بينما كانا يسيران في الشارع, كان السيد بمبل مندهشا لرؤية أوليفر يبكي, وصاح فيه متسائلا, " لماذا تبكي؟ يجب أن تكون سعيدا لأنه جاءتك الفرصة للعمل مع السيد سوربيري. " فقال أوليفر, " أنا سأكون ولدا جيدا, ولكن ليس عندي ... " فسأله السيد بمبل, " ليس عندك ماذا؟ " فقال أوليفر بهدوء, " ليس عندي أصدقاء. "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 17 Mr Bumble was not interested in Oliver's feelings. They continued to Mr Sowerberry's house, but when Oliver's new employer saw him, he was not happy. " He's very small, Mr Bumble ," Mr Sowerberry complained. " He is small, but he'll grow ," explained Mr Bumble. " But it will cost money to feed him ," said Mr Sowerberry's wife. She took Oliver downstairs and gave him some old food that they had not eaten. " Now get some sleep ," said Mrs Sowerberry. " You don't mind sleeping down in the shop, do you? There's nowhere else to sleep in our house. “ لم يبالِ السيد بمبل بمشاعر أوليفر. واصلا السير إلى منزل السيد سوربيري, ولكن عندما رأى صاحب العمل الجديد أوليفر, لم يكن سعيدا, وقال شاكيا, " إنه نحيل جدا يا سيد بمبل. " وشرح له السيد بمبل قائلا, " إنه نحيل, ولكنه سوف يكبر. " قالت زوجة السيد سوربيري, " ولكن إطعامه سيكلفنا أموالا. " وأخذت أوليفر للطابق السفلي وأعطته بعض الطعام القديم الذي لم يكونوا قد تناولوه, وقالت له, " الآن خذ قسطا من النوم. أنت لا تمانع في النوم بأسفل في الدكان, أليس كذلك؟ لا يوجد مكان آخر لتنام فيه في بيتنا. "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 18 Oliver was alone in a strange, dark room, surrounded by unfinished coffins. It was not much better than the room he had slept in at the workhouse. It was not easy for him to sleep. The next morning, Oliver woke up to the sound of someone kicking the shop door. Oliver opened it and saw a tall boy with a red nose eating some bread. " Hello. I'm Noah Claypole ," he said. " You're from the workhouse, aren't you? " he continued, walking into the shop as if he lived there. " I help Mr Sowerberry. You do what I say, Workhouse Boy. Now open the shutters ," he ordered, giving Oliver a small kick to make sure he knew who was the master. كان أوليفر وحيدا في حجرة غريبة مظلمة ومحاطا بتوابيت لم يكتمل صنعها. لم تكن الحجرة أفضل كثيرا من الحجرة التي كان ينام فيها في الملجأ. لم يكن من السهل عليه أن ينام. في الصباح التالي, استيقظ أوليفر على صوت شخص ما يركل باب الدكان. فتح أوليفر الباب ورأى ولدا طويلا أنفه حمراء اللون ويأكل بعض الخبز. قال الولد, " أهلا, أنا نوح كلايبول ." ثم استمر في كلامه وهو يمشي إلى داخل الدكان كما لو كان يعيش هناك قائلا, " أنت قادم من الملجأ, أليس كذلك؟ أنا أساعد السيد سوربيري. أنت تفعل ما أقوله لك يا صبي الملجأ. الآن افتح دُرف الدكان. " قال ذلك آمرا وأعطى أوليفر ركلة صغيرة ليتأكد أنه عرف من هو السيد.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 19 Mrs Sowerberry called and asked Noah to sit by the fire to have some breakfast. She gave Oliver a little bread and told him to eat it down below. It was freezing cold there. " Why can't I have a good breakfast like Noah? " he asked, but there was no one there to hear him. For the next few months, Oliver worked with Mr Sowerberry. He did not like the work, but Mr Sowerberry seemed pleased with him. This, however, did not please Noah Claypole, who was told to work inside when Oliver went out with Mr Sowerberry. نادت مدام سوربيري على نوح وطلبت منه أن يجلس بجوار المدفأة لكي يتناول بعض الإفطار. وأعطت أوليفر قليلا من الخبز وطلبت منه أن يأكله بأسفل. كان الجو باردا لدرجة التجمد هناك. تساءل أوليفر, " لماذا لا أستطيع الحصول على إفطارا جيدا مثل نوح؟ " ولكن لم يكن هناك أحدا حتى يسمعه. عمل أوليفر مع السيد سوربيري على مدار الشهور القليلة التالية. أوليفر لم يكن يحب هذا العمل, ولكن كان يبدو أن السيد سوربيري مسرورا من أوليفر. وهذا, رغم ذلك, لم يسعد نوح كلايبول, الذي كان يُطلب منه أن يعمل داخل الدكان عندما كان يخرج أوليفر مع السيد سوربيري.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 20 One day, after work, the two boys were alone in the shop. " What happened to your mother, Workhouse Boy? " said Noah. Oliver said quietly, " The nurse said she died of a broken heart. " " I heard she died in the workhouse because she was no good at anything ," laughed Noah. " What did you say? " cried Oliver, feeling both ashamed and angry. " I heard that if she hadn't died, they would have punished her ," Noah cried unkindly. Oliver stood up and started to hit Noah hard. " Help! " shouted Noah. " He's killing me! " Mr and Mrs Sowerberry ran in and pulled Oliver away from Noah. ذات يوم, بعد العمل, كان الولدان بمفردهما في الدكان. قال نوح, " ما الذي حدث لأمك يا صبي الملجأ؟ " فقال أوليفر بهدوء, " الممرضة قالت أنها ماتت بسبب انفطار قلبها حزنا. " فقال نوح ضاحكا, " أنا سمعت أنها ماتت في الملجأ لأنها لم تكن تصلح لأي شيئ. " فصرخ أوليفر وهو يشعر بالخجل والغضب معا قائلا, " ماذا قلت؟ " فصرخ نوح بقسوة قائلا, " أنا سمعت أنها لو لم تمُت لكانوا قد عاقبوها. " فنهض أوليفر وبدأ يضرب نوح بعنف. فصاح نوح قائلا, " النجدة, إنه يقتلني. " فجرى السيد سوربيري وزوجته وجذبا أوليفر بعيدا عن نوح.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 21 " Help me lock him in here ," they said to Noah. They pulled Oliver into a dark cellar and locked the door. " You poor boy ," Mrs Sowerberry said to Noah. " We must get Mr Bumble at once. " When Mr Bumble heard what had happened, he hurried to Mr Sowerberry's house and knocked on the door to the cellar. " Oliver, do you know who's speaking? " he called loudly. " Yes ," said Oliver. " Aren't you afraid, Oliver? " he continued in a menacing voice. " No! " Mr Bumble looked at Mr Sowerberry in surprise. " I understand the problem ," said Mr Bumble. " You've given him too much meat, Mrs Sowerberry. You've been too kind to him. Leave him in this cellar without food for a few days, then feed him only soup ," he advised. قال السيد سوربيري وزوجته لنوح, " ساعدني لكي نحبسه بالداخل هنا " وقاموا بجذب أوليفر إلى داخل مخزن مظلم وأغلقوا الباب. قالت مدام سوربيري لنوح, " أيها الفتى المسكين. يجب أن نحضر السيد بمبل على الفور. " عندما سمع السيد بمبل ما حدث, أسرع إلى منزل السيد سوربيري وطرق على الباب المؤدي للمخزن ونادى بصوت مرتفع, " يا أوليفر, هل تعرف من الذي يتحدث؟ " فقال أوليفر, " نعم " فاستمر بمبل بصوت تهديدي قائلا, " ألست خائفا يا أوليفر؟ " فرد أوليفر, " لا ", فنظر السيد بمبل إلى السيد سوربيري مندهشا ثم قال, " أنا أفهم المشكلة. أنتِ قمتِ بإعطائه كثيرا جدا من اللحم يا مدام سوربيري. لقد كنتِ عطوفة عليه أكثر من اللازم. " ثم قال ناصحا, " اتركيه في هذا المخزن بدون طعام لبضعة أيام, وأطعميه الحساء فقط. "

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 22 That night, in the cold cellar, Oliver tried to cry himself to sleep yet again. But he felt too angry to sleep. When the house was quiet, he went to the door and realised it was not locked. He waited until it was just light and quietly opened the door. No one was awake and it was easy to leave the house without anyone realising. He knew he could not stay in that place any longer. His life was unbearable. It was time for him to run away. في تلك الليلة, في المخزن البارد, حاول أوليفر أن يبكي حتى يغلبه النعاس مرة أخرى, ولكنه كان يشعر بالغضب الشديد لدرجة أنه لم يستطع النوم. عندما كان المنزل هادئا, ذهب إلى الباب وأدرك أنه لم يكن مغلقا بالمفتاح. فانتظر حتى أول ضوء وفتح الباب بهدوء. لم يكن أي شخص مستيقظا وكان من السهل عليه أن يغادر المنزل دون أن يدرك ذلك أحد. كان يعرف أنه لن يستطع البقاء في ذلك المكان بعد الأن. فحياته كانت لا تطاق. حان الوقت بالنسبة له ليهرب.

Questions with Model Answers :

السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 23 Questions with Model Answers Why did most English towns need people during the Industrial Revolution? To work in the factories that were beginning to open all over the country . 2.Why did the people who came to work have to go to the workhouses? They were often so poor. They went there to find a bed and some sort of food. 3.Why did the doctor and the old nurse not know if the newly born المولود حديثا baby would live ? Because the baby found it difficult to breathe. 4.How was Oliver's mother when she arrived at the workhouse? She was ill and weak when she arrived. 5.What did the weak and ill mother do just before she died? She kissed the baby gently on the cheek and smiled.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 24 6.Why was Oliver Twist sent to an old house immediately after he was born? Because he was an orphan. He was sent to live with other orphans there . 7.Who was Mrs Mann? What kind of woman was she? She was the woman who looked after the orphans in the old house. She was not a kind woman. 8.Why did the orphans in the old house never have very much to eat? Because Mrs Mann was given a little money to look after them. She took some of this money for herself. 9.What was Oliver's life like on his ninth birthday? He was a small, weak child. He had spent all his life in the old building with Mrs Mann who was not kind. He did not go to school and he did not know the world outside. 10.Who was Mr Bumble? Why did he visit Mrs Mann? Mr Bumble was an official from the workhouse. He visited Mrs Mann to take Oliver to work in the workhouse.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 25 11.Was Oliver sad to leave Mrs Mann? Why / Why not? Oliver was not sad to leave Mrs Mann because she was not kind to him. 12.Why was Oliver sad when he left the old building on his ninth birthday? Or : Why did Oliver feel wretched when the door to the old house closed behind him? He was sad to leave his friends and the only home he had ever known. 13.Why did the managers of the workhouse tell Oliver he was very lucky? Because they would give him food and a bed for nothing. 14.Why was Oliver's life in the workhouse not easy? He worked hard at the workhouse. His bed was very uncomfortable and the food was never enough. 15.Why were Oliver and the other boys in the workhouse close to starving? Because the food was never enough. All they ate was a thin soup.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 26 16.Why was the master furious (angry) with Oliver at the workhouse? Because he asked for more food. No one had ever asked for more before. 17.How was Oliver punished for asking for more food? He was locked in a cold, dark room. He was beaten by Mr Bumble every day. 18.What did the managers of the workhouse do to get rid of ليتخلصوا من Oliver? They put a message on the door of the workhouse. It offered five pounds to anyone who could take Oliver away. 19.How was Oliver's life when he was locked in the cold, dark room in the workhouse? He had never felt so alone. He cried himself to sleep each night, then he woke up each morning and began to cry again. He was taken from the room when it was time to eat. 20.What did Mr Bumble do to prevent any of the boys from asking for more food? Or: How did Mr Bumble make an example of Oliver جعله عبرة to discourage the other boys from asking for more food? He made Oliver stand in front of them while they were eating. Then he beat Oliver.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 27 21.Who was Mr Sowerberry? Why did he tell Mr Bumble that he could take Oliver ? Mr Sowerberry was a coffin maker. He needed an apprentice, so he told Mr Bumble that he could take Oliver. 22.Why was Oliver crying when he was walking with Mr Bumble to Mr Sowerberry's house? Because he had no friends after he had left the workhouse. 23.Why was Mr Sowerberry not very happy (Why did he complain) when he saw Oliver? Because Oliver was very small. 24.Why did Mrs Sowerberry object to اعترضت على Oliver's being very small? Because it would cost money to feed him. 25.How did Mrs Sowerberry treat عاملت Oliver? Give an example of this. She treated him unkindly. She gave him some old food that they had not eaten. She made him sleep down in the shop. 26.Why was it not easy for Oliver to sleep when he went to Mr Sowerberry's? Because he was alone in a strange, dark room, surrounded by unfinished coffins. 27.Who was Noah Claypole? What did he look like? He was a boy who helped Mr Sowerberry. He was tall with a red nose.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 28 28.What did Noah Claypole do to make sure Oliver knew who the master was? He gave orders to Oliver and gave him a small kick. 29.Give an example to show that Mrs Sowerberry didn't treat Oliver and Noah equally. بمساواة She asked Noah to sit by the fire to have some breakfast, but she gave Oliver a little bread and told him to eat it down below where it was freezing cold. 30.Why was Noah jealous of غيور من Oliver? Because Mr Sowerberry seemed pleased with Oliver. Noah was told to work inside when Oliver went out with Mr Sowerberry. 31.Why, do you think, did Noah talk unpleasantly about Oliver's mother? I think Noah was jealous of Oliver because Mr Sowerberry seemed pleased with him, so he wanted to annoy يضايقه him. 32.Why did Oliver feel ashamed and angry when Noah talked about his mother ? Or : Why did Oliver start to hit Noah hard? Because Noah talked badly about his mother. He said that she died in the workhouse because she was no good at anything.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 29 33.How did Mr Sowerberry and his wife side with انحازوا لـ Noah against Oliver when they quarrelled تشاجرا ? Before they knew what happened, they locked Oliver in a dark cellar and complained to Mr Bumble. 34.Give an example to show that Oliver was a courageous شجاع boy. When he was locked in the cellar, Mr Bumble talked to him menacingly, but Oliver told him that he was not afraid. 35.What did Mr Bumble blame يلوم Mrs Sowerberry for? He blamed her for giving Oliver too much meat and for being too kind for him. 36.What advice did Mr Bumble give to Mrs Sowerberry? He advised her to leave Oliver in the cellar without food for a few days and to feed him only soup. 37.Why did Oliver run away from Mr Sowerberry's house? He knew he could not stay in that place any longer. His life was unbearable. 38.How did Oliver run away from Mr Sowerberry's house? He realised that the door was not locked. No one was awake and it was easy to leave the house without anyone realising.

Quotations with Model Answers :

السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 30 Quotations with Model Answers "What's the mother's name?" a)Who asked this question? To whom was it asked? The doctor asked it to the nurse. b)What was the other person's answer? She said that she didn't know. c)Where did that conversation take place? It took place in the workhouse. 2."I don't know. She was ill and weak when she came." a)Who said this? To whom? The nurse said this to the doctor. b)Who were they talking about? They were talking about Oliver's mother. c)What did the speaker mean by "I don't know"? She meant that she didn't know the woman's name.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 31 3. "Can I see my new baby? “ a) Who made this request? To whom? Oliver's mother made this request to the nurse. b) What did she do when she saw her new baby? She kissed him gently on the cheek and smiled. c) What happened to that mother after that? She died. 4. "Poor woman. She was so beautiful. We'll never know who she was. “ a) Who said these words? Where? The nurse. At the workhouse. b) What happened to that woman? She died. c) Why wouldn't they be able to know who that woman was? Because they even didn't know her name.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 32 5. "Now Oliver's nine, you don't need to look after him." a) Who said this? To whom? Mr Bumble said this to Mrs Mann. b) Where did this conversation take place? It took place in the old building where orphans lived. c) Why did the speaker say they didn't need to look after that boy? Because the boy was big enough to work for his food. 6. " He is old enough to work for us in the workhouse. ” a) Who said this? To whom? Mr Bumble said this to Mrs Mann. b) Who were they talking about? Oliver Twist. c) How old was he at that time? He was nine years old.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 33 7. "Why are you crying? You're lucky to work here. We'll give you food and a bed for nothing. ” a) Who said this? To whom? The managers of the workhouse said this to Oliver. b) Why was the addressed person sad and crying? He was sad to leave his friends and the only home he had ever known. c) Was that person really lucky to work at that place? Why / Why not? No. Because he worked hard there. His bed was very uncomfortable and the food was never enough. 8. "Please, sir. I want some more." a) Who said these words? To whom? Oliver said this to the master who gave the boys their food. b) What was the effect of these words on the addressed person? Why? The master was furious. No one had ever asked for more before. c) How did the addressed person react رد فعله to this request? He angrily took Oliver's arm and led him to the managers of the workhouse.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 34 9. "What did you say?" he cried. There was now silence in the big room. a) Who asked this question? To whom? The master who gave the boys their food. To Oliver. b) Why was the speaker want the addressed person to repeat his words? Because he was surprised. He didn't expect that any boy would ask for more food. c) What did the addressed person really want? Why? He wanted some more food because he was still hungry. 10. "If he is not happy with our generosity, he must leave." a) Who said these words? To whom? The managers of the workhouse said this to the master who gave the boys their food. b) Who were they talking about? Oliver Twist. c) Were they really generous كرماء ? Why / Why not? No, they were not generous at all. The food they gave to the boys was never enough.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 35 11. "Why are you crying? You should be happy to have the opportunity to work with someone like Mr Sowerberry." a) Who said this? To whom? Mr Bumble said this to Oliver Twist. b) Where were they when this conversation took place? They were walking down the street to Mr Sowerberry's house. c) How did that person have the opportunity to work with Mr Sowerberry? When the managers put a message on the door of the workhouse. It offered five pounds to anyone who could take Oliver away. Mr Sowerberry needed an apprentice, so he told Mr Bumble that he could take Oliver. 12. "I'll be a good boy, but I have no …" a) Who said this? To whom? Oliver said this to Mr Bumble. b) What didn't that boy have? He didn't have friends. c) Where were they going at the time of this conversation? They were going to the house of Mr Sowerberry, Oliver's new employer.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 36 13. "He's very small, Mr Bumble." a) Who said this? To whom? Mr Sowerberry said this to Mr Bumble. b) Who were they talking about? Oliver Twist. c) How much did the speaker pay to get that person as an apprentice? He paid five pounds. 14. "He is small, but he'll grow." a) Who said this? To whom? Mr Bumble said this to Mr Sowerberry. b) What was the person they were talking about going to work? He was going to work as an apprentice coffin maker. c) Why did the speaker get rid of تخلص من the person they were talking about? Because he asked for more food when he was hungry.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 37 15. "But it will cost money to feed him." a) Who said these words? To whom? Mr Sowerberry's wife said this to Mr Bumble. b) Who does the word "him" refer to? It refers to Oliver Twist. C) Did the speaker really feed that person well? How? No, she fed him old food or a little bread. 16."Now get some sleep. You don't mind sleeping down in the shop, do you? There's nowhere else to sleep in our house." a) Who said these words? To whom? Mr Sowerberry's wife said this to Oliver. b) What was the addressed person going to work at that shop? He was going to work as an apprentice coffin maker. c) Was it easy for him to sleep in that place? Why? No, because he was alone in a strange, dark room, surrounded by unfinished coffins.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 38 17. "You're from the workhouse, aren't you? I help Mr Sowerberry. You do what I say, Workhouse Boy. Now open the shutters." a) Who said these words? To whom? Noah Claypole said this to Oliver. b) What did the speaker look like? He was a tall boy with a red nose. c) Why did the speaker give the other person that order with a small kick? He wanted to make sure that Oliver knew who the master was. 18. "Why can't I have a good breakfast like Noah?" a) Who said these words? Oliver Twist. b) Did any one answer this question? Why / Why not? No. Because there was no one there to hear Oliver. c) Compare قارن بين the places where both the speaker and Noah had their breakfast? Oliver had his breakfast down below where it was feezing cold, while Noah had his brekfast by the fire.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 39 19. "What happened to your mother, Workhouse Boy? I heard she died in the workhouse because she was no good at anything. I heard that if she hadn't died, they would have punished her." a) Who said these words? To whom? Noah Claypole said this to Oliver. b) How did the addressed person الشخص المخاطب feel on hearing this? He felt both ashamed and angry. c) How did he react to رد فعل this insult إهانة ? He started to hit Noah hard. 20. "The nurse said she died of a broken heart." a) Who said these words? To whom? Oliver said this to Noah Claypole. b) Who does the word "she" refer to? It refers to Oliver's mother. c) Did the addressed person speak well of that woman? Why / Why not? No. He spoke badly about her as he was jealous of Oliver. He wanted to annoy him.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 40 21. "Help! He's killing me!" a) Who was asking for help? Noah Claypole. b) Why did the speaker need help? Because Oliver started to hit him hard. c) Who hurried to help that person? Mr Sowerberry and his wife. 22. "Help me lock him in here." a) Who said these words? To whom? Mr Sowerberry and his wife said this to Noah Claypole. b) Who did they lock? Where? They locked Oliver in a dark cellar. c) Why did they lock that person in that place? because he hit Noah hard.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 41 23. "You poor boy, we must get Mr Bumble at once." a) Who said these words? To whom? Mrs Sowerberry said this to Noah Claypole. b) Who was Mr Bumble? Mr Bumble was an official from the workhouse. c) Why did they have to get Mr Bumble at once? Because Oliver, who came from the workhouse, hit Noah hard. 24. "Oliver, do you know who's speaking? Aren't you afraid?" a) Who said these words? Mr Bumble said these words. b) Where was Oliver at that time? He was locked in the dark cellar at Mr Sowerberry's house. c) What were Oliver's answers to these questions? He said that he knew who was speaking and that he wasn't afraid.

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السبت، 04 محرم، 1437 Not too old to learn 42 25. "I understand the problem. You have given him too much meat." a) Who said these words? To whom? Mr Bumble said these words to Mrs Sowerberry. b) Who does the pronoun "him" refer to? Oliver Twist. C) What problem did the speaker mean? The problem of Oliver's hitting Noah and that he was not afraid of Mr Bumble. 26. "You've been too kind to him. Leave him in this cellar without food for a few days, then feed him only soup." a) Who said these words? To whom? Mr Bumble said these words to Mrs Sowerberry. b) Was the addressed person really too kind to Oliver? No, she wasn't. c) What did Oliver decide to do when he realised that his life was unbearable? He decided to run away.

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