11-BOOK-THINKING-TOOLS-PART-1

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Category: Education
     
 

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This is soft copy of the booklet I am using for past more than 10 years. More than 5000 copies have been distributed to the participants of my achievement motivation workshops. The booklet contains 26 thinking tools. The contents are easy to understand and reflect upon. Students would find it very useful. Trainers may like to use the same as training material.

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Keep them handy all the time, at all the places; and taste success ! THINKING TOOLS FOR PERSONAL EFFECTIVENESS PART - I THE FIRST STEP BEING EFFECTIVE IS NOT COMPULSORY - IT IS YOUR CHOICE AND RESPONSIBILITY TOO. THE FIRST STEP

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There are universal principles and values. If we go against them, we will harm ourselves. The principles and values shall remain for ever. The tools in this booklet are based on principles and values. We need to interpret them in right perspective. The process of interpretation should be supported by honest and intense reflection. Facts do not cease to exist because we ignore them. MAKE THE DIFFERENCE Before you read further - These ‘THINKING TOOLS’ are with you either as a training material of my program or as a book. These tools are for the people who want to look within themselves to solve their problems. You may not find all the tools relevant to you. No problem. Select the pages you find relevant and reflect on the ideas therein. Add your own pages. Use the concepts. Practise the concepts. Action is the key to success.

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Knowledge : Technical - Professional - Managerial Skill : Thinking - Communication People Management Task management Attitude : Learning - Action - Achievement EFFECTIVENESS KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE SKILL EFFECTIVENESS K S A OUTCOME N N N TOTALLY INEFFECTIVE Y N N BOOKISH - UNABLE TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE N Y N SHOWY N N Y MISDIRECTED Y Y N UNUTILIZED POTENTIAL N Y Y LIMITED EFFECTIVENESS Y N Y LIMITED EFFECTIVENESS Y Y Y TOTALLY EFFECTIVE

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There is no dearth of opportunities around us. Either we do not have the abilities to spot them or having spotted them are afraid to take action. We unduly focus on unfavourable consequences. We lose in any way. Successful people create circumstances with opportunities. Unsuccessful people complain of circumstances not giving them opportunities OPPORTUNITY EVERY MOMENT PROVIDES US AN OPPORTUNITY PATH - 1 PATH - 2 EVALUATE WHETHER OPPORTUNITY IS RIGHT OR WRONG AVAIL OPPORTUNITY MISS OPPRTUNITY RIGHT OPPORTUNITY WRONG OPPORTUNITY GET POSITIVE RESULTS LEARN FROM MISTAKE WASTE TIME TO CREATE EXCUSES FOR INACTION

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If I am told to teach only one skill to the students, I will teach them the skill of questioning. The people who progressed in life, questioned the status-quo. However, asking right questions is also equally important. A wrong question is “I am helpless. What can I do?” The right question will be, “What are the various ways to overcome this obstacle?” A wrong question weakens you, a right question strengthens. QUESTIONING BEFORE RESPONDING TO A SITUATION TO PROBE ASK RIGHT QUESTIONS IT HELP YOU TO CHANGE YOUR FOCUS TO CHANGE YOUR PERCEPTION TO THINK DIFFERENTLY

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Learning is willingly putting your knowledge to action using your skills for a desired output. Learning is solving your own problems for your own reasons. This attitude of learning makes you on-purpose. You learn for the higher level purposes, not just to pass an examination or to get a certificate. Learning is knowing more than just prescribed answer; it is developing curiosity. Learning is more than studying or being trained. Learning is the way of thinking. Learning has a starting point. However, it does not have an end point. Learning is an ongoing process, a habit. Learning is a methodology that requires thought, courage, energy, commitment, and self-support. The processes of learning are as follows: Plan learning experiences. Learn from the experiences by reflecting. 3. Validate learning with the concepts. 4. Practise learning. 5. Continue the above processes. LEARNING

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I DON'T NEED TO RUN I am not old enough to play baseball or football. I am not eight yet. My mom told me when you start baseball, you are not going to be able to run that fast because you had an operation. I told mom I would not need to run that fast. When I play baseball, I will just hit them out of the park. Then, I will be able to walk. DESIGN - DEFAULT WE THINK, FEEL, SPEAK, DO FACT ACTION RESPONSIBILITY ACCEPTING DEFFICULTIES CHOICE CONSCIOUS FEELING REACTION BLAMING AVOIDING DIFFICULTIES HABIT UNCONSCIOUS DESIGN DEFAULT

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Generally, we take decisions based on our past experiences, prejudices, and impulses. We jump to conclusions and decisions. We also tend to believe that we know the best course of action and therefore further data collection and evaluation is not necessary. The fact is we do not use the faculty of thinking and tend to take ineffective decisions. As we do not follow a systematic procedure of decision making, it becomes very difficult for us to audit our process and learn from experiences. EXPLORING TWO APPROACHES OF DECISION MAKING SITUATION SEE THE SITUATION AND JUDGE FIRST APPROACH DECIDE SECOND APPROACH SITUATION SEE THE SITUATION AND EXPLORE DECIDE

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Choice is a very important aspect of our life. It is our choice: 1. To be happy in spite of all odds, 2. To convert adversities to opportunities, 3. To consider a setback an experience, 4. To accept and respect ourselves and others, 5. To design each moment of our life, 6. To follow universal principles and values. CHOICE HABIT CHOICES YOU HAVE A CHOICE TO CHOOSE !

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Successful people are visionaries; they look into the future; they think of things well in advance. They have a good foresight of things which might take place in future and prepare themselves. One very important aspect of their foresight is the abilities to predict future problems and take actions in advance to prevent their occurrence, and ill effects if they occur at all. Reflect - “Can we avoid falling sick?” PREDICT - PREVENT PROBLEM PREDICTION PROBLEM PREVENTION PROBLEM SOLUTION YOU WANT TO THINK IN ADVANCE YOU WANT TO ACT IN ADVANCE YOU WANT TO WAIT FOR THE CRISIS WHERE IS YOUR FOCUS ? DRESSING BRANCHES ? FEEDING ROOTS ? OR

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Examples of impulses: Less work Qualification is enough I know all Efficiency is torturous Hate and jealousy I am right; they are not Eating for taste INTERNAL PROCESSING Examples of values: Hard work Learning Data collection Efficiency Love Tolerance Health VALUE BASED EXTERNAL SITUATIONS NOT IN YOUR CONTROL INTERNAL PROCESSING YOUR CHOICE TO RESPOND IN YOUR CONTROL IMPULSE BASED EFFECTIVE RESPONSE INEFFECTIVE RESPONSE

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Our mind has a huge storage capacity. We interpret our experiences and keep on creating new beliefs and changing or re-enforcing the existing ones. We should learn and practise the correct process of interpreting our experiences. We should validate the conclusions and beliefs before we store them in our mind. Otherwise, our mind will be a dustbin storing negative beliefs leading to ineffective action BELIEF FORMING YOU SEE OR EXPERIENCE SOMETHING FIRST TIME YOU FORM OPINION YOU USE YOUR BELIEF FOR ACTIONS SECOND TIME THIRD TIME YOUR OPINION GETS REINFORCED OPINION GETS CONVERTED TO BELIEF CONSCIOUSLY ? UNCONSCIOUSLY ?

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Two possible ways of approaching a problem: 1. I am going to lose: You avoid preparing and when you fail, you confirm your inability to face the problem. You continue to avoid the problem. 2. I am going to win: You prepare and succeed. Even if you fail, you analyze the reasons of your failure and prepare again. You never doubt your ability to perform and succeed. ENABLING BELIEF ENABLING BELIEF ENABLING THOUGHTS ENABLING PREPARATION ENABLING ACTION ENABLING RESULT DISABLING RESULT DISABLING ACTION DISABLING PREPARATION DISABLING THOUGHTS DISABLING BELIEF

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Do you want to remain healthy? Of course yes! Then, why do you enjoy junk food? Why do you eat more than your physical need? Why do you smoke? Why do you skip daily exercises? You want to be successful. Then, why do you watch tempting shows on TV and waste time? We often become slaves of impulsive temptations and lose sight of our long term purposes. TEMPTATION YOUR ACTIVITIES AND TIME SPENDING GOVERNED BY TOWARDS LIFE GOALS SHORT TERM TEMPTETATIONS GOVERNED BY LONG TERM GOALS AWAY FROM LIFE GOALS

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Nothing around us is either good or bad, useful or useless. It is how we look and approach. Internet is good; it is bad; and at the same time it provides people lot of opportunities. A snake’s poison is good; it is bad; and at the same time it provides people lot of opportunities. Do not accept a thing blindly. Do not reject it blindly. Explore the opportunities it might give you. Find and capitalize. This is important. GOOD-BAD-OPPORTUNITY ISSUE - PROBLEM - SITUATION OPPORTUNITY GOOD BAD WHAT IS GOOD ABOUT IT ? WHAT IS GOOD ABOUT IT ? WHAT OPPORTUNITIES IS IT CREATING ?

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One month ago you had a fight with one of your co-workers. As per few of your close friends, he is quarrelsome and fights with everybody. His son studies with your son. Your son has been invited by his classmate on his birthday. What advices would you give to your son? How would you validate your advices? How would you ensure correctness and effectiveness of your advices? Are your advices prejudiced? SITUATION TO ACTION SITUATION PAST MEMORY PERCEPTION ACTION PRESENT FUTURE PLANNING QUESTIONS: 1. Is your seeing accurate? 2. Is your memory accurate and appropriate? 3. Is your planning effective?

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Life is multi-faceted and multi-directional. Set S-M-A-R-T balanced goals for all the facets. S - Specific, well defined, unambiguous M - Measurable in terms of quantity and quality (How much - what type etc.) A - Ambitious (stretched), Achievable, Affordable R - Realistic T - Time bound (When - with what frequency etc.) LIFE GOALS YOUR GOALS EDUCATION CAREER EARNING WEALTH FAMILY RELATION SPIRITUAL OTHER QUESTIONS: 1. HOW MUCH ? 2. WHEN ? 3. BALANCE ?

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Why do we accept or reject a thing or an event ? When we perceive a linkage between our life goals and the thing or the event in question, we tend to accept it, else we reject. Again, stronger is the linkage, higher the intensity of acceptance. Unfortunately, we fail to link many of the things and events with our goals because of ignorance. This is the reason many aspiring professionals do not focus on improving their personal skills. THE FIRST STEP YOU SEE OR EXPERIENCE SOMETHING LINKAGE NOT SEEN YOUR LIFE GOALS LINKAGE IN TERMS OF BENEFIT LINKAGE SEEN BENEFICIAL ACTION AVOIDANCE BECAUSE OF IGNORANCE AND /OR LETHARGY

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Talking is easy. Talking for the sake of talking is boastful and self-degenerating. If you want something, you need to pay the price. Success does not come to anybody without price. Even, luck comes to those who work for it. When you work you pay the price in terms of money, time, relationship, health etc. However, when you don't work, even then you pay the price, because you would not get what you want. NOTHING IS FREE ! GOAL PLANNING ACTION PRICE PAYMENT CHANGE RESULT BALANCE ?

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Who likes to do difficult and risky things in life? Perhaps no one! There are people who would live whole of their life with the impulses of fear and disliking and the resulting inaction. They will not achieve much. But, then there are people who would not remain impulsive for long and would tighten their belt and jump to action. They would overcome fear and continue to make things easier. ACHIEVEMENT HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL PEOPLE THEY MAY NOT INITIALLY LIKE DOING DIFFICULT THINGS THEY STILL DO THOSE THINGS AND REALIZE - THINGS ARE DIFFICULT TILL YOU DO ! AVERAGE PEOPLE THEY DISLIKE DOING DIFFICULT THINGS THEY DON’T DO AND CONTINUE TO DISLIKE

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Visualize the best in the world. If you do not know what is best in the world, you would become complacent and put yourself in comfort zone. If I am told to compare my oratory, I would benchmark against the performance of few great speakers of the world. You should take actions to break your own records again and again. That will take you to the world-class and possibly to break world record. BENCHMARKING THE BEST IN THE WORLD GAP MY PERFORMANCE AWARENESS ACCEPTANCE WITH SELF-ESTEEM AVOIDANCE NO ACCEPTANCE ACTIONS TO REDUCE THE GAP

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You are engaged, round the clock, in the activity of talking to yourself. The quality of your life depends on what and how of your self-talk. If I ask the question, ‘Are you self-motivated?’, Almost all would reply in affirmative. However, many would draw a blank if they are asked to prove that they are self-motivated. The proof of self-motivation is action. Hence, you need to always remain at the highest and the most meaningful level of self-talk. SELF TALK LEVELS OF SELF-TALK L - 0 NEGATION I CANNOT DO. L - 1 ACCEPTANCE I SHOULD DO. L - 2 EMPOWERMENT I CAN DO. L - 3 DETERMINATION I WILL DO. L - 4 ACTION I DO.

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At first sight, the above tool may appear to be an irrational one. Reflect and you would find it highly rational and relevant for achievers. Your final goal in life should be to remain comfortable and effective in uncomfortable and challenging (apparently difficult) situations. This is possible when you consistently improve your ability and potential. COMFORTABLE FEEL UNCOMFOTABLE COMFOTABLE COMFOTABLE SITUATIONS UNCOMFOTABLE SITUATIONS CREATE UNCOMFOTABLE SITUATIONS WITH AND GOAL OF LIFE START WITH

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Our personality is formed by the following: 1. Inheritance 2. Upbringing 3. Surrounding 4. Our own thinking The last one is the most important. We have the choice of converting our mind to a junkyard or a beautiful garden. The latter choice would require consistent cleaning and fertilizing. BUCKET MIND IS LIKE BUCKETFUL OF WATER CLEAN WATER CLEAN WATER NO ACTION TO KEEP THE WATER CLEAN ACTION TO KEEP THE WATER CLEAN PASSAGE OF TIME PASSAGE OF TIME DIRTY WATER CLEAN WATER

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The population can be divided into two basic categories considering commitment to achieve: On-purpose Off-purpose There cannot be any in-betweens. The on-purpose people are committed to what they want in life. They are determined and focused. They are visionaries. Nothing can put them off their track. They are great believers and performers. They ignore short term temptations. They do what they enjoy and enjoy what they do. TOTAL COMMITMENT Total Commitment It’s a commitment to a commencement - I get started! It’s a commitment to continuity - I follow through! It’s a commitment to concentration - I focus my all! It’s a commitment to completion - I finish what I start with excellence!

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With Empowering Wishes from M M PATEL Phone: 0240-2354255, 98232 44099 E-mail: mmpatel_le@yahoo.com Web: www.themmpatelway.in THE FIRST STEP AN ANSWERED PRAYER I asked for Strength – and God gave me Difficulties to make me strong, I asked for Wisdom – and God gave me Problems to solve, I asked for Prosperity – and God gave me Brain and Brawn to work, I asked for Courage – and God gave me Dangers to overcome, I asked for Love – and God gave me Troubled People to Help. I asked for Favours – and God gave me Opportunities , I received nothing I Wanted ; I received everything I Needed . My prayer has been answered!

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