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Slide 1: 

You will be an active participant because you: Watched the entire film of Hamlet (preferably the Zeffirelli version) Will be able to demonstrate your knowledge with a content related review Will collaborate with your teacher(s) and classmate(s) to complete lessons 4.01, 4.04, 4.05 and 4.06 Will ultimately deconstruct Hamlet in about 1 hour. Deconstructing Hamlet

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8. Hamlet berates his mother and kills Polonius, who is hiding behind a curtain in his mother’s bedchamber.. 1. Polonius tells Ophelia she can not see Hamlet anymore and spies on the two of them. 3.Claudius sends Hamlet to England because he wants to have him killed. 4. Ophelia goes mad and drowns in the brook. 7. Hamlet learns of his father’s murder by his father’s ghost 6. Hamlet’s mother infuriates him when she marries Claudius. 2. Hamlet tests the truth of the information regarding his father’s death by paying actors to perform a play and pretending he has gone mad. 5. Hamlet’s father is killed by Claudius. 10. At the end of the play, the list of dead grows to Polonius, Ophelia, Laertes, Rosencrantz, Guildenstern, Claudius, Gertrude and Hamlet. 9. Hamlet returns from England to find that Ophelia has gone made and drowned. He vows revenge. What happened? Photos from Geocities.com

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Group 1. Your father dies and your mother remarries soon after the funeral. She marries your uncle, a man you never liked. He wants you to stay home rather than go back to college where you were when your father died. How do you feel? How would you behave toward your mother? Toward your stepfather? Group 2. You are a young woman very much in love with your boyfriend who, you have always believed, returns your love. You are confident that one day you will marry each other. But your father and brother insist that you are only being "used" and tell you to break off the relationship. Do you follow your father's orders or do you follow your heart? How would you know whether or not your father and brother were right in their beliefs? Group 3. You are a woman who remarries soon after your husband's sudden death. Your son hates your second husband and believes that he might have been involved in your late husband's death. Would you believe your son? What would you do? Group 4. You are a woman who remarries soon after your husband's sudden death. Your son hates your second husband and believes that he might have been involved in your late husband's death. Would you believe your son? What would you do? 5. You are in love with your brother's wife, and you are pretty sure that she loves you too. You know that your brother will never agree to a divorce. What would you do? What would you do?

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Characters King Hamlet – former King of Denmark; dies before play begins Hamlet – Prince of Denmark; returned from school for funeral Gertrude – Queen of Denmark; mother of Hamlet; widow of King Hamlet Claudius – Current King of Denmark; Hamlet’s uncle; recently married to Gertrude Polonius – Adviser to King Claudius; father of Ophelia and Laertes Ophelia – Loves Hamlet; daughter of Polonius Laertes – Goes to school in France; son of Polonius Horatio – Hamlet’s friend

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Hamlet Serious student Attends college in Germany Urged to stay in Denmark Claudius and Gertrude request that he stay in Denmark: “Go not to Wittenberg.” Thinks before he acts Tests the ghost’s claim that he, Hamlet’s father, was murdered by Claudius; passes up the chance to kill Claudius because Claudius appears to be praying – does not want Claudius to go to Heaven. Laertes Not a serious student Goes to the “party school” Given permission by Claudius to return to college in France Polonius advises him to behave himself. Acts before he thinks Believes Claudius claim that Hamlet is responsible for the deaths of his father and his sister. He is ready to kill Hamlet by poisoning the sword that he will use in the “friendly” fencing match. Character Comparison

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ACT I, SCENE i Elsinore. A platform before the castle. Enter Ghost Marcellus: Peace, break thee off; look, where it comes again!Bernardo: In the same figure, like the king that's dead.Marcellus: Thou art a scholar; speak to it, Horatio.The ghost will not speak to themBernardo: See, it stalks away!Horatio: Stay! speak, speak! I charge thee, speak!Exit Ghost Marcellus: 'Tis gone, and will not answer. Bernardo: How now, Horatio! you tremble and look pale:Is not this something more than fantasy?What think you on't? Horatio: Let us impart what we have seen to-nightUnto young Hamlet; for, upon my life,This spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him. Are you scared, yet? Looking at Shakespeare’s Language

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ACT I, SCENE ii. Elsinore. A room in the Castle Claudius: Though yet of Hamlet our dear brother's deathThe memory be green, and that it us befittedTo bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdomTo be contracted in one brow of woe, …Together with remembrance of ourselves.Therefore our sometime sister, now our queen,…Have we, as 'twere with a defeated joy,--With an auspicious and a dropping eye,With mirth in funeral and with dirge in marriage,…Taken to wife: …Uh, oh!

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Laertes (son of Polonius who is a meddling busybody and King Claudius’ advisor) is granted permission by the King to return to school in France. Claudius: But now, my cousin Hamlet, and my son,-- Hamlet: [Aside] A little more than kin, and less than kind.King Claudius: How is it that the clouds still hang on you?Hamlet: Not so, my lord; I am too much i' the sun.Queen Gertrude: Good Hamlet, cast thy nighted colour off,And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. Claudius and Gertrude ask Hamlet not to return to school in Wittenberg, but to stay in Denmark, and for goodness sake to stop grieving! They exit, and Hamlet launches into a speech about how grief stricken he is – not just about his father’s death, but also about his mother’s hasty marriage to a man he neither likes not respects. Exeunt all but HAMLET

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Hamlet learns of the ghost and fears that something evil is going on. Hamlet: My father's spirit in arms! all is not well;I doubt some foul play: would the night were come!Exit Polonius : (giving Laertes advice as he gets ready to leave): Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar….Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice;Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment.Buy nice clothes, but …not gaudy;For the apparel oft proclaims the man,…Neither a borrower nor a lender be;…This above all: to thine ownself be true,And …Thou canst not then be false to any man. Farewell: my blessing season this in thee!

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First brother Laertes and then father Polonius warn Ophelia about Hamlet’s intentions: SCENE III. A room in Polonius' house. Laertes: [Hamlet) is subject to his birth:He may not, as unvalued persons do,Carve for himself; for on his choice dependsThe safety and health of this whole state;…. Then if he says he loves you,….Then weigh what loss your honour may sustain,….Or lose your heart, or your chaste treasure openTo his unmaster'd importunity.Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister,And keep you in the rear of your affection,Out of the shot and danger of desire. Polonius: For Lord Hamlet,Believe so much in him, that he is youngAnd with a larger tether may he walkThan may be given you: in few, Ophelia,Do not believe his vows; Ophelia: I shall obey, my lord.

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Act I, scene iv: The platform outside the castle: The apparition tells Hamlet that he is indeed the ghost of King Hamlet, murdered by Claudius (his own brother), and that he is condemned to walk the earth until Hamlet avenges his murder. He accuses Claudius of luring the innocent (hahahaha – well, maybe) Gertrude into an incestuous relationship. Ghost: Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast,With witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous gifts,--O wicked wit and gifts, that have the powerSo to seduce!--won to his shameful lustThe will of my most seeming-virtuous queen: Hamlet swears the guards and Horatio to secrecy; Hamlet: There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,Than are dreamt of in your philosophy…. And still your fingers on your lips, I pray.The time is out of joint: O cursed spite,That ever I was born to set it right!Exeunt

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What to look for: Sound Elements: Sound effects, background noise in the scene (e.g., doors creaking, animal noises); Soundtrack, music, voiceovers and other sounds put on over the scene Language Elements: What lines are emphasized? How are emotions conveyed? What lines are noticeably cut or included? Physical Elements: (Settings, props, and costumes) Where is the scene taking place physically? What do props and costumes tell us about the time period, about the characters and their standings? Camera Elements: How long does the director stay with shots? When are there close ups, long shots? To what effect? The Big Questions: What is the effect of each of these aspects on the scene? How does each director establish a tone for the rest of the play? From stage to screen Film clip from Hamlet. director Franco Zeffirelli. 1990

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Shakespeare was much more limited than the filmmaker. The play was performed in daylight with few props. There were costumes and music, but there was no curtain, so the setting and scene changes were accomplished as the characters spoke: Shakespeare’s audience knows that King Hamlet is dead because Horatio and the guards say: Horatio: Before my God, I might not this believe…/Of mine own eyes.Marcellus: Is it not like the king?Horatio: As thou art to thyself: The film viewer knows that King Hamlet is dead because? The tone is set in Scene 1 by the guards: Bernardo: 'Tis now struck twelve; get thee to bed, Francisco. Francisco : For this relief much thanks: 'tis bitter cold,And I am sick at heart. What sets the tone in the film? Lighting? Action? On the stage, Claudius informs the audience that he and Gertrude have married: Therefore our sometime sister, now our queen,… In the film, what indicates that something is going on between the two? We know that Hamlet is not pleased with his uncle/step father when he says: A little than kin, but less than kind” and “I am too much in the sun (son).” How does Hamlet indicate his displeasure in the film?

Shakespeare’s Language : 

Shakespeare clips his words to make them sound more conversational for the time, and to fit the meter. Can you find some of his omissions? QUEEN GERTRUDE Good Hamlet, cast thy nighted colour off,And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark.Do not …/Seek for thy noble father in the dust:Thou know'st 'tis common; all that lives must die,Passing through nature to eternity. Gravedigger: Will you ha’ the truth on’t? If this had not been a gentlewoman, she should have been buried out ‘o Christian burial. Shakespeare’s Language

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Hamlet (when asked by Claudius where he has hidden Polonius’ body): But if indeed you find him not within this month, you shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby. Hamlet (as he berates his mother for her behavior): You are the queen, your husband's brother's wife, And—would it were not so!—you are my mother. We may not recognize some off Shakespeare’s words. Can you figure out his meaning? Queen Gertrude: Let not thy mother lose her prayers, Hamlet:I pray thee, stay with us; go not to Wittenberg. Claudius (convincing Laertes to conspire with him to kill Hamlet): Now must your conscience my acquaintance seal/And you must put me in your heart for Friend/that he which hath your noble father slain Pursued my life. Finally, you will see some unusual word order in Shakespeare’s plays. Sometimes the word order will place special emphasis on the main idea:

Slide 16: 

Hamlet, 28 year old Prince of Denmark, died Friday at Castle Elsinore while participating in a sporting event. He was born in Denmark, but was most recently attending college in Wittenberg, Germany. He was the son of the late King Hamlet, who met an untimely death at the hands of his own brother Claudius, and Queen Gertrude, who was killed inadvertently by Claudius when she accidentally drank poison intended for Prince Hamlet. Claudius and Gertrude had recently married during a ceremony which followed the funeral of King Hamlet. The funeral food doubled as fare for the nuptials. Hamlet himself avenged the death of his father by killing Claudius after the fencing match at the castle. All were residents of Denmark. Young Hamlet was known for his intelligence and his wide range of knowledge on many subjects, including gardening, music, shoemaking, Greek mythology, and philosophy. Sadly, there are no surviving members of Denmark’s royal family. Services will be held at Castle Elsinore at 2 p.m. , Monday, following several other funerals that are to take place that day. Donations may be sent to the Wittenberg College Alumni Association in lieu of flowers. There are several parts to an obituary. First, include the name, age, residence, and place of birth. Next, who is the person and what are his/her accomplishments, hobbies, talents, activities? Then list the names of deceased parents and family members. You can personalize at this point with details about the person’s life. Finally, list the names of surviving family members, along with details about the service arrangements. All information must be compatible with the events of the play. Here is a sample: 4.06 Create an Obituary

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You only complete 1: Choose Laertes, Ophelia, Polonius, or Claudius, and write an obituary. You may review the instructions by visiting the link in Lesson 4.06. Since we have reviewed Hamlet’s obituary together, you need only create one more to turn in. Please turn in assessment sheets 4.01, 4.04, and 4.05. In the student comments areas, indicate that you completed the activities for these assignments during this elluminate session and give the password. You will receive full credit. Turn in 4.06 with your obituary. Indicate on this worksheet that you reviewed the Hamlet obituary during this elluminate session and, again, give the password. Now It’s Your Turn To earn credit:

Slide 18: 

We really hope that you enjoyed working with your teachers and your fellow students in completing the activities for Hamlet! Thank you and good night!

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