Greco-Roman Civilization

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Greco-Roman Civilization:

Greco-Roman Civilization Mixture of Greek, Hellenistic and Roman Cultures “The Classical Civilization”

Art:

Art Copied Greek sculpting techniques, but are more realistic Bas-reliefs 3-D sculptures off a flat background Painted huge murals Mosaics Pictures formed out of chips of colored stone or tile

Architecture:

Architecture Used columns and arches “Invented” the domed roof Used concrete for the first time

The Pantheon:

The Pantheon A temple dedicated to all of the gods and goddesses Originally built by Agrippa, one of the generals of Emperor Augustus Burned down three times

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Built like a Greek temple on the front Eight columns Pediment on top Giant dome Largest dome ever built in the time period Oculus open to the sky People say the dome is so high rain evaporates before it hits the floor Walls twenty feet thick Given to the Catholic Church in 609 CE

The Colosseum:

The Colosseum Comes from the word “colossus” meaning gigantic Took three emperors lifetimes to finish Could hold 50,000 spectators Site of many gladiatorial games

Aqueducts:

Aqueducts Carry water from reservoirs in the country into the cities

Pliny the Elder:

Pliny the Elder Great natural scientist Wrote 37 volume encyclopedia Natural History Died in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius

Galen:

Galen Wrote a medical encyclopedia Used in Europe until the 1400s

Ptolemy:

Ptolemy Earth is the center of the universe Planets and sun revolve around the Earth

Roman Literature:

Roman Literature Caesar Commentaries on the Gallic Wars Cicero Wrote admiringly about the Roman Republic and Roman justice

Poets:

Poets Horace Poet Wrote Odes to Rome Virgil Poet Wrote the Aeneid Emphasized Roman justice, practical wisdom and power

Historians:

Historians Livy Wrote History of Rome Admitted his goal was to glorify Rome Tacitus Wrote history of Rome from the death of Augustus to 70 CE Was very critical of Rome, and the lack of Roman morality

Roman Law:

Roman Law Accused is innocent until proven guilty Judges based decisions only on the evidence presented in court Civil Law Law for citizens Law of Nations Law for foreigners Women and slaves can own property Punishments become less severe

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