The Rise of Western Europe

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The Rise of Western Europe : 

The Rise of Western Europe Chapter 17

Focus of the chapter : 

Focus of the chapter After the fall of Rome, Western Europe fractured into a series of regional governments with only Christianity and the Pope serving as a unified factor.

Technical vocabulary : 

Technical vocabulary Germanic tribes Norse Feudalism serf

Germanic tribes : 

Germanic tribes Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Lombards, Burgundains, Angles/Saxons, Franks

Start of the frankish empire : 

Start of the frankish empire Most organized of the tribes Clovis—leads campaign to completely control Gaul Converts to Christianity New alliance with the Pope Begins the Carolingian dynasty

Charles martel : 

Charles martel Extended the Frankish Empire Defeated the Muslim invaders in 732 at the Battle of Tours Stopped the Muslims from pushing any further into Europe

Charlemagne : 

Charlemagne Known as Charles the Great Built up the Frankish Empire By 800 it is larger than the Byzantine Empire Coronated by the Pope as the Holy Roman Emperor

Charlemagne’s rule : 

Charlemagne’s rule Limited power of the nobles Missi dominici- “king’s agents” Sponsored growth of education Built more monastries to train more priests

Division of the Franks : 

Division of the Franks After Charlemagne’s death, rule passed to his only son Louis the Pious. At death of Louis, his three sons fought for control of the empire Treaty of Verdun (843) divides the empire into three parts End of central authority

Invasions into gaul : 

Invasions into gaul Muslims raid South Magyars raid East Vikings raid North

Norse expansion : 

Norse expansion Spread out of Scandinavia due to population pressures and resistance to Christianity Outstanding seafarers Policy of looting and pillaging

Regional authority in England : 

Regional authority in England Come together to defend against Norse King Alfred

Holy roman empire : 

Holy roman empire King Otto I (German territory) defeats the Magyars pushed his military to support the Pope Coroneted as Holy Roman Emperor in 962

Medieval society : 

Medieval society Feudalism System of loyalty Serfs and manors Agricultural dependence Extreme need for Mediterranean Sea trade

Christian church : 

Christian church Catholicism’s early alliance with monarchs

Gregory I : 

Gregory I Pope in 590 Added secular powers to the papacy (pope’s office) Got involved in the politics of Europe Used Church funds to raise an army, repair roads and help the poor Negotiated peace treaties Claimed control over a large territory

Monasticism : 

Monasticism Monasteries and convents built Individuals could give up their worldly possessions and devote lives to religion Benedict and Scholastica wrote rules for the monasteries and convents Centers of scholarly works Illuminated manuscripts

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