The Spread of Greek Civilization

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The Spread of Greek Civilization : 

The Spread of Greek Civilization The Rise of Alexander the Great

Philip of Macedonia : 

Philip of Macedonia King of Macedonia Admired Greek culture immensely Wanted to control all of Greece Tried to play the city-states against each other Athenian orator Demosthenes said Philip was a threat to Greek independence

Athens & Thebes unite against Philip : 

Athens & Thebes unite against Philip Lose to the Macedonian forces Philip names himself Master of all of Greece, but is soon murdered

Alexander the Great : 

Alexander the Great Philip’s son Inherits his father’s empire at the age of 20 Assembled a large, well-organized and well-equipped army Conquered Persia and Egypt Created his capital at Babylon Wanted to conquer India, but his soldiers mutinied and wanted to return home

Short Rule of Alexander : 

Short Rule of Alexander Returned to Babylon to organize his empire Dies within a year (mysterious death) Death caused much confusion and fighting in the empire Generals and family members wanted control Finally divide empire into three parts, each ruled by a general Warfare plagued the 3 kingdoms until they are conquered by the Romans

Blend of East and West : 

Blend of East and West Alexander’s rule spread the Greek culture Set up many city-states modeled after the Greeks Many Greeks moved to these new territories Mixed Greek culture with those of ancient Middle East Married Persian women Followed Persian customs Worshipped Persian gods along with Greek gods

Hellenistic Civilization : 

Hellenistic Civilization Blend of Persian, Egyptian, Indian and Greek cultures Spread throughout Alexander’s Empire Center at Alexandria in Egypt

Alexandria : 

Alexandria

Hellenistic Science : 

Hellenistic Science Described the human nervous system How blood circulates in the body Used anesthetics in surgery (from Egypt) Euclid Advanced study of geometry Wrote The Elements Archimedes Principle of the lever Invented double pulley and catapult

New Currents of Thought : 

New Currents of Thought Epicurus Claimed that the gods took no interest in human affairs No afterlife, therefore the greatest good was to be happy in life Zeno Founded school of thought known as the Stoics Happiness resulted from living in harmony with nature and accepting whatever life brought, including misfortune Emphasized self-discipline, courage and moral conduct

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