Computer Parts

Category: Education

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Computer Parts : 

Computer Parts There are many parts that work together to make a computer work.

Hardware : 

Hardware Physical parts of the computer, including processor and memory chips, input/output devices, tapes, disks, modems, cable, etc.

CPU : 

CPU The Central Processing Unit

Processor : 

Processor The CPU – The chip or chips that interpret and execute program instructions and manage the functions of input, output, and storage devices.

Computer Case : 

Computer Case Contains the major components of the computer. It helps protect them.

Front of the Computer Case : 

Front of the Computer Case

Inside the Computer Case : 

Inside the Computer Case

Monitor : 

Monitor A display screen to provide “output” to the user. It is where you view the information your are working on.

Video Card : 

Video Card Connects the computer to the monitor. It is a circuit board attached to the motherboard that contains the memory and other circuitry necessary to send information to the monitor for display on screen.

Keyboard : 

Keyboard Used to enter information into the computer and for giving commands.

Mouse : 

Mouse An input device operated by rolling its ball across a flat surface. The mouse is used to control the on-screen pointer by pointing and clicking, double-clicking, or dragging objects on the screen.

Touchpad : 

Touchpad A pressure-sensitive and motion sensitive device used in place of a mouse.

CD Rom Drive : 

CD Rom Drive The drive that plays CDs and reads data that has been stored on the CD.

CD : 

CD Compact Disk – A type of optical storage device.

Floppy Disk Drive : 

Floppy Disk Drive A device that holds a removable floppy disk when in use; read/write heads read and write data to the diskette.

Hard Disk : 

Hard Disk Magnetic storage device in the computer.

RAM : 

RAM Random Access Memory RAM is a computer’s temporary memory, which exists as chips on the motherboard near the CPU. It stores data or programs while they are being used and requires power.

Printer : 

Printer An output device that produces a hard copy on paper. It gives information to the user in printed form.

Barcode Reader : 

Barcode Reader An input device that converts a pattern of printed bars into a number that a computer can read. They are often used by businesses to quickly input price and product information.

Scanner : 

Scanner A device that allows pictures to be placed into a computer.

Microphone : 

Microphone Allows the user to record sounds as input to their computer.

Speakers : 

Speakers Used to generate or reproduce voice, music, and other sounds.

Sound Card : 

Sound Card Connects the speakers and microphone to the computer.

Modem : 

Modem The place where the computer is connected to the phone line.

Network Card : 

Network Card A circuit board that connects the computer to the rest of the network usually using special cables.

Software : 

Software Programs that tell the computer what to do. It provides instructions that the CPU will need to carry out.

DOS : 

DOS Disk Operating System This software connects the hardware with the programs you want to run. MS-DOS: Microsoft DOS (Disk Operating System) is a command line user interface. MS-DOS 1.0 was released in 1981 for IBM computers.

Example of MS-DOS : 

Example of MS-DOS

Windows : 

Windows A family of operating systems developed and produced by Microsoft Corp. It provides a software graphical user interface (GUI) used on IBM and compatible computers.

Example of Windows (GUI) : 

Example of Windows (GUI)

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