TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS

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This slide explain the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs

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TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS By : misterhadi

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Definition : Transitive : Intransitive : verbs that need an object to complete its meaning verbs that do not need an object to complete its meaning

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Can you classify the following verbs to transitive and intransitive? sleep buy sell fight take give go come tell drink spend sit ask laugh cry trust lend arrive open close clean begin smile kill die push need teach touch walk

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Can you classify the following verbs to transitive and intransitive? sleep buy sell fight take give go come tell drink spend sit ask laugh cry trust lend arrive open close clean begin smile kill die push need teach touch walk transitive intransitive

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buy spend clean sleep cry sell ask kill fight arrive take trust push go begin give lend need come smile tell open teach sit die drink close touch laugh walk

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With transitive verbs the sentences are not complete without an object. Examples : - The man took. took what? - Fatimah is cleaning. cleaning what? - He has just killed. just killed what/whom? - Mr.Hadi teaches. teaches what/whom?

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With intransitive verbs , we must put a preposition before an object (preposition phrase). Examples : - They laughed me. - He came my house. - We sat the floor. - The children walk school.

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With intransitive verbs , we must put preposition before an object (preposition phrase). Examples : - They laughed ____ me. - He came ____ my house. - We sat ____ the floor. - The children walk ____ school. at to on to

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Some verbs such as sing, drive, speak , etc.., can be either with an object or without an object. Compare : - She sang two songs. - She sang beautifully. - He drives a truck. - He drives carelessly. - Mr. Lee speaks English. - Mr. Lee speaks slowly. - They left us here. - They left quickly.

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If there are two objects, indirect object comes first, but if the direct object come first we use to or for . Examples : - She gave me a book. - She gave a book to me. - I sent him a letter. - I sent a letter to him. - Read them a story. - Read a story to them. - He bought his wife a car. - He bought a car for his wife. Indirect object comes first direct object comes first

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Some verbs can be transitive or intransitive with or without changing its meaning. Compare : - The thief ran to the park. - The man runs a small business. - The sun sets in the west. - We have set the chairs for them. - He flies to Bali every week. - He flies a kite every weekend. - Dates can’t grow well here. - We can’t grow dates here.

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Since intransitive verbs don’t have objects, they can’t be changed to passive. Compare : - Kabil killed Habil . - Habil was killed by Kabil . - The man died last night. but (no objects, therefore it can’t be passive)

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Since intransitive verbs don’t have objects, they are usually followed by adverb or preposition phrases. Examples : - Ali got married Linda ( no object) - marry/married = transitive, get married/got married = intransitive last week. ( adverb of time) here. ( adverb of place) secretly. ( adverb of manner) twice. ( adverb of frequency) without telling us. ( phrase)

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Common mistakes in using transitive and intransitive verbs. without preposition for intransitive - The girl smiled me - The girl smiled at me. with preposition for transitive - She told to me about you. - She told me about you. changing intransitive to passive - He was graduated last year. - He graduated last year.

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