TENSES REVIEW

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These are five most common English tenses

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TENSES REVIEW:

TENSES REVIEW FIVE MOST COMMON TENSES By : misterhadi

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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE To describe things that happen regularly or repeatedly To describe facts that always true To describe permanent situations To express idea or opinion

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I You We They verb He She It verb + s/ es AFFIRMATIVE We study English every week. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. My uncle lives in Pontianak. I think he is a good teacher. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE EXAMPLES :

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We don’t study English on the weekends. It doesn’t rain a lot in Surabaya. My uncle doesn’t work in J akarta. I don’t think he can do it. doesn’t + verb SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE I You We They d on’t + verb He She It NEGATIVE no more s/ es EXAMPLES :

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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE I you we they verb? he she it verb? YES-NO QUESTIONS Do you study English every Wednesday ? Does it rain a lot in Bogor? Does your uncle live in Pontianak? Do you think he is a good teacher? Do Does no more s/ es EXAMPLES :

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PRESENT continuous TENSE To describe an action in progress at the moment of speaking To talk about things happening in period around now. To talk about changes happening now To talk about something we have already arranged to do

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We are studying English now. You are working too hard this week. The population in this city is rising very fast. I’ m going to the dentist tonight. verb + ing AFFIRMATIVE He She It I is am verb + ing You We They are PRESENT continuous TENSE EXAMPLES :

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NEGATIVE He She It I is am not verb + ing You We They are not verb + ing We aren’t studying English now. You aren’t working too hard this week. The population of this city isn’t rising . I’ m not going to the dentist tonight. PRESENT continuous TENSE EXAMPLES :

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YES-NO QUESTIONS he she it I Is Am verb + ing ? you we they Are verb + ing ? Are you studying English now? Are they working too hard this week? Is population in this city rising very fast? Am I going to the dentist tonight? PRESENT continuous TENSE EXAMPLES :

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SIMPLE PAST TENSE To describe an action or event that started and finished at the specific time in the past. To describe permanent situation in the past. To tell narrative stories. To express idea or opinion in the past.

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We went to Bandung last week. Somebody stole my bicycle. Henry worked in the bank from 2005 to 2012. I thought you were there. SIMPLE PAST TENSE I You We They verb2 He She It verb2 AFFIRMATIVE EXAMPLES :

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We didn’t go to Bandung last week. You didn’t come here last night. They didn’t live here in 2005. I didn’t know that you were there too. SIMPLE PAST TENSE I You We They didn’t + verb1 He She It didn’t + verb1 NEGATIVE EXAMPLES :

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SIMPLE PAST TENSE I you we they Did verb1? he she it Did verb1? YES-NO QUESTIONS Did you go to Bandung last week? Did you come here last night? Did they live here in 2005? Did I say something wrong? EXAMPLES :

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To describe an action that was happening at the specific time in the past. To describe an action that had already started before this time but hadn’t finished yet. To express unfinished or uncompleted action in the past. To describe unfinished action that was interrupted by another action. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

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PAST continuous TENSE AFFIRMATIVE I He She It was verb + ing You We They were verb + ing We were studying English at 7 last night. You were sleeping when the bell rang. It was raining heavily when our plane landed. I was watching TV while my son was doing his homework. EXAMPLES :

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We weren’t studying English at 7 last night. I weren’t sleeping when the bell rang. It wasn’t raining when our plane landed. I wasn’t watching TV when my wife arrived home. PAST continuous TENSE NEGATIVE I He She It wasn’t verb + ing You We They weren’t verb + ing EXAMPLES :

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Were you studying English at 7 last night? Were they sleeping when the bell rang? Was it raining heavily when your plane landed? Was he watching TV when his wife arrived home? PAST continuous TENSE YES-NO QUESTIONS I he she it Was verb + ing ? you we they Were verb + ing ? EXAMPLES :

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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE To describe our experience up to now To describe changes or new information To describe a state that started in the past, continues in the present and probably in the future To describe an action that is very recent

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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I You We They have verb3 He She It has verb3 AFFIRMATIVE We have gone to Singapore three times. Tony has moved to another city. I have worked in this company for more than ten years. They have just opened a new branch office here. EXAMPLES :

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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I You We They haven’t verb3 He She It hasn’t verb3 NEGATIVE We have never * gone to other countries. Tony hasn’t moved to Surabaya. I haven’t finished my homework. They haven’t opened a new branch office here. never : not ever EXAMPLES :

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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I you we they Have verb3? he she it Has verb3 ? YES-NO QUESTIONS Have you ever gone to Singapore? Has Tony moved to another city? Have you worked in this company for ten years? Have they just opened a new branch office here? EXAMPLES :

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