from bombay to mumbai

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comparision between new mumbai and old bombay (india)

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From Bombay To Mumbai…. From Bombay To Mumbai….

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Contents Acknowledgement……………………………………….. The history and emergence of Mumbai…………. Infrastructure and buildings ……………………… Work and Economy in the city…………………. Housing in the city…………………………………… Bombay: As city of dreams…………………………. Mumbai attacks of 26/11……………………………. The slums in Mumbai……………………………….. Observation and Conclusion Page…………………

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We would like to owe the successful completion of our presentation on the topic ‘ Bombay to Mumbai ’ to our subject tr. Mrs. K.R. Smriti ma’m . This would not have been possible without her assistance and guidance. This assignment is a combined effort of each individual teammate involved in it. Lastly we would like to thank our parents for their continues support and encouragement. Aaisha, Aayush, Abhishek, Aishwarya, Alzia n Ankit Acknowledgement

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In the seventeenth century, Bombay was a group of seven islands, namely Colaba , Mazagaon, Old women’s Island, Wadala, Mahim , Parel , and Matunga-Sion under the Portuguese control. This group of islands formed a part of the kingdom of Ashoka , the famous ruler of India. After his death, these islands passed to various Hindu rulers until 1343. In 1534, the Portuguese, had already possessed many trading centres on western coast by force of arms. In 1661 , the control of the islands passed into British hands after the marriage of Britain's king Charles II to the Portuguese princess. The East India Company quickly shifted its base from Surat, its principal western port, to Bombay. At first, Bombay was the major outlet for cotton textile. In late 19 th century, the city functioned as a port through which large quantities of raw materials like cotton and opium would pass. Gradually, it became an important administrative centre in western India, by the end of the 19yh century, a major industrial centre. The history and emergence of the city

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BOMBAY MUMBAI

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Infrastructure and buildings The architecture in Mumbai is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo- Saracenic , Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Most of the buildings during the British period such as Victoria Terminus and Bombay University were built in Gothic Revival Style. This include variety of European influences such as German Gables, Dutch roofs, Swiss timbering, Romance arches, Tender Casements and traditional India features. Between 1822 and 1838, Sir Jmshedji Jeejeebhoy spent his own pocket money for buying some grasslands near the seafront at Thakurdwar . The railway station built their was called Charni Road. The first temple was built in the same year by Seth Vachha .These both can be seen today still. the later half of 19 th century was also to see a feverish construction of buildings in Bombay, like the general, post office, Municiple Corporation , The Peince of Wales Museum, etc.

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The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of king George and Queen Mary to the Durbar at Delhi in 1911. The Princess Dock was built in the year 1885 and the Victoria Dock and the Merewether Dry Docks in 1891. the Alexander Dock was built in 1914. Talking about today, Mumbai is the financial hub of India, with headquarters for most Indian and multinational banks, financial institutions and insurance companies including Reserve Bank of India, Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs, etc. The Central Railways, one of the zones of Indian Railways, has its headquarters in Mumbai, at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. The busiest airport is located in Mumbai. World class facilities are being developed. At present, under this development, Mumbai- Metro Project, Wadala Truck Terminus, Modernisation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja Airport are taking place.

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Today it has the second largest no. of Art Deco buildings in the world after Miami, and has the largest no. of skyscrapers in India, with 956 existing buildings and 272 under construction as 200 9. gateway of India Was built in 1911 Gateway of India now The Victoria Terminus

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BOMBAY MUMBAI

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Work and Economy in the city Bombay became the capital of the Presidency in 1819. It quickly expanded. The first cotton textile mill in Bombay was set up in 1854. By 1921, there was 85 cotton mills with about 146,000 workers. Women formed as much as 23 per cent of the mill workforce in the period 1919 and 1926. Then this number dropped to less than 10 per cent of the total workforce. By 1930s women’s jobs were increasingly taken over by machines or by men. Bombay dominated the maritime trade of India till well into the twentieth century. It was also at the head of two major railways. This encouraged an even higher scale of migration. In the 2009, Mumbai was named as Alpha World city. It is also the wealthiest city in India. It is ranked 6th among top 10 global cities. Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment capital of India, it is also one of the world’s top 10 centers of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 5% of India’s GDP, and accounting for 25% of industrial output, and 70% of maritime trade in India and 70% of capital transaction to India’s economy. Many foreign bank and financial institution are here, with the World Trade Centre, the most prominent. Mumbai has evolved into a global financial hub.

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Mumbai In 1864 Mumbai In 2013

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Bombay then Mumbai now

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Housing in the city In the 1840s, Bombay had a mere 9.5 square yards. By 1872s, the density in Bombay was as high as 20 per cent. The Bombay Fort area which formed the heart of the city in the early 1800s was divided between a ‘native town’ for India, and a European or ‘white section'. The richer Parsi, Muslim and upper caste traders and industrialists of Bombay lived on sprawling, spacious bungalows. More than 70% of working people lived in the chawls. Chawls were multi- storied structures were merchants, bankers, contractors lived. Many families resided at a time in a tenement. High rents forced workers to share homes with their close ones. Lower castes had to live in shelters made of corrugated sheets, leaves or bamboo poles. Today , widespread poverty and unemployed poor public health and poor civic and educational standards are a large section of people. Space is naturally a major issue in Mumbai. High quality, spacious rental accommodation is scarce and rather expensive. The modern apartments provide excellent facilities such as gyms, gardens, playground, etc. Popular expat neighborhood in Mumbai include Powai to the north, Bandra West, and Juhu in north, Worli, Lower Parel, and Prabhadevi in mid-town.

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BOMBAY MUMBAI Housing in Mumbai

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Mumbai: City of dreams Bombay appears to many as a ‘ mayapuri ’- a city of dreams. Harishchandra Sakharam Bhatwadekar shot a scene of a wrestling match in Bombay’s Hanging garden and it became India’s first movie in 1896. in 1925, it had become India’s film capital, producing films for a national audience. By 1987, the film industry employed 520,000 people. Bombay films contributed in a big way to produce an image of the city as a blend of dreams and reality, of slums, and star bungalows. Many films like, CID(1956), Guest House(1959) were released here and were very successful. Following India’s independece , the period from late 1940-1960 is regarded by film historians as the ‘golden Age’ of Hindi cinema. Some of the most acclaimed hindi films of all time were produce during this period like Guru Datt films Pyaasa and Kaagaz Ke Phool , etc.

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In late 1960s and 1970s, romance movies and action films starred actors Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, etc came Today, Mumbai- the center of Hindi movie , industry, Bollywood. It is the largest film producer in India and one of the biggest in the world as well as center of Marathi film industry. It produces over 150-200 films every year. It is a blend of Hollywood and Bombay. After 2000, technical advancements led filmmaking to new heights in term of quality, cinematography, and innovative story lines with special effects and animation. The Hindi film industry has preferred films that appeal to all segments of the audience and has resisted making films that target narrow audiences. However, filmmakers may be moving towards accepting some box-office segmentation, between films that appeal to rural Indians, and films that appeal to urban and overseas audiences.

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BOMBAY MUMBAI

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The 2008 Mumbai attacks were twelve coordinated shooting and bombing attack across   Mumbai , by members of  Lashkar -e- Taiba . The attackers allegedly received  reconnaissance  assistance before the attacks.  Ajmal Kasab , the only attacker who was captured alive, later confessed upon interrogation that the attacks were conducted with the support of Pakistan's  ISI . The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday, 26 November and lasted until Saturday, 29 November 2008, killing 166 people and wounding at least 308. Eight of the attacks occurred in  South Mumbai : at  Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus , the  Oberoi Trident , the  Taj Mahal Palace & Tower ,  Leopold Cafe ,  the  Nariman House  Jewish community centre , the  Metro Cinema , [14]  and a lane behind the Times of India building and  St. Xavier's College . There was also an explosion at  Mazagaon , in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle . By the early morning of 28 November, all sites except for the Taj hotel had been secured by  Mumbai Police  and security forces. On 29 November, India's  National Security Guards  (NSG) conducted Operation Black Tornado to flush out the remaining attackers; it resulted in the deaths of the last remaining attackers at the Taj hotel and ending all fighting in the attacks . Mumbai attacks of 26/11

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MUMBAI ATTACKS

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Slums in Mumbai Dharavi is a slum and administrative ward, over parts of Sion, Bandra, Kurla and Kalina suburbs of Mumbai, India. It is sandwiched between Mahim in the west and Sion in the east, and spread over an area of 175 hectares, or 0.67 square miles (1.7 km2). In 1986, the population was estimated at 530,225,but modern Dharavi has a population of between 600,000 and over 1 million people. Dharavi is one of the largest slums in the world. It used to be the largest slum in Mumbai at one time, but as of 2011, there are four slums in Mumbai larger than Dharavi. In expensive Mumbai, Dharavi provides a cheap alternative where rents were as low as US$4 per month in 2006. Dharavi exports goods around the world. The Dharavi (and largely informal) turnover is estimated to be between US$500 million and over US$650 million per year. It is situated between Mumbai's two main suburban railway lines, the Western and Central Railways. To its west are Mahim and Bandra, and to the north lies the Mithi River, which empties into the Arabian Sea through the Mahim Creek. To its south and east are Sion and Matunga . Both its location and poor drainage systems make Dharavi particularly vulnerable to floods during the wet season.

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THE DHARAVI SLUM

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C.I.D. : A newspaper editor, Srivastav is killed when he was about to expose the underworld links of a very rich and influential person. He calls his friend Shekhar, a CID officer, but he couldn't save him. At last Shekhar is successful to catch the real criminal and the Chief promises to recommend bail and he continues with his love life. A Wednesday : the movie opens with Mumbai commissioner Prakash Rathod resting after a job, describing in a voice-over that he is going to retire the following day. He goes on to describe the most challenging case he faced in his career. The film switches into a narrative, showing the events that occurred on a certain Wednesday. The film ends with an idealistic note, with Rathod admitting that he knew the common man was disturbed because of the insecure environment and the incompetence of governing authorities. Observation and Conclusion Page

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OBSERVATION : There has been a remarkable change in the set up of both the movies as mentioned above. First, the crime rate in Bombay was very less at that time(17th-18th century) as we saw in the film CID. It was confined to thefts, robberies, etc. but the modern Mumbai saw a very sudden and drastic change. The crimes were not only limited to the above mentioned, but introduced new ones like cyber crimes, gangue wars, etc. as we saw in the movie A Wednesday. Formerly, the technology and advancements were not so developed. The buildings consisted of small two or three storied buildings. But today, Mumbai has come up with introduction of metros, skyscrapers, etc. The movies earlier were simple black and white, simple and realistic. But the movies today are high definitional along with 3-dimensional shooting, special effects, animations, etc.

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The change of Bombay to Mumbai was good in many ways as it represented modernization, but its just one side of the coin. The other side has bad scenes, the increased crime rate, poverty, overpopulation are the disadvantages of modernization which have been failed to be checked or controlled yet. ***********

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A Wednesday Shots of CID

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Thank You Mrs. K.R Smriti ma’m And thanks to our group members .

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The End

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