opioid use presentation

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Opioid Use Disorder:

“Drugs Take you to hell disguised as heaven” -Donald Lyn Frost Opioid Use Disorder Opioid Use Disorder currently affects 2.5 million Americans 60% of overdoses occur from prescriptions from a single physician Between 1999 and 2014, prevalence has quadrupled

What is opioid use disorder?:

What is opioid use disorder?

What are opioids?:

Naturally occuring (opiates)- opium, morphine, codeine Synthetic - meperidine , fentanyl, methadone Semi- Synthetic- heroin, hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone , oxymorphone , buprenorphine What are opioids?

How did the epidemic start?:

"They don't wear out; they go on working; they do not have serious medical side effects…So, these drugs, which I repeat, are our best, strongest pain medications, should be used much more than they are for patients in pain .” –Purdue Pharma How did the epidemic start?

Why are opioids so addictive?:

Why are opioids so addictive?

Opioid withdrawal:

Opioid withdrawal

What can health practitioners do?:

Education Treat chronic pain Identify risk factors Acupuncture Therapy Methadone/ Suboxone What can health practitioners do?

References:

American Psychiatric Association (2013). DSM-5 Opioid Use Disorder Diagnostic Criteria. Retrieved from http:// pcssmat.org / wp -content/uploads/2014/02/5B-DSM-5-Opioid-Use-Disorder-Diagnostic-Criteria.pdf Belcher, G., & Ryall , R. W. (1978). Differential excitatory and inhibitory effects of opiates on non-nociceptive and nociceptive neurones in the spinal cord of the cat. Brain Research, 145(2), 303–314. DuPen , A., Shen , D., Ersek , M. (2007). Mechanisms of Opioid-Induced Tolerance and Hyperalgesia . Retrieved from http:// www.medscape.com / viewarticle /562216 Friedman, H., Pross , S., & Klein, T. W. (2006). Addictive drugs and their relationship with infectious diseases. FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology, 47(3), 330–342. http:// doi.org /10.1111/j.1574-695X.2006.00097.x Harrington, M. (2014). Substance Use Disorders. Retrieved from http:// www.samhsa.gov /disorders/substance-use Healthcare Triage. ( n.d. ). The Science of Opioids. Retrieved from https:// www.youtube.com / watch?v =AqDo4LiKz-c Huffington Post. ( n.d. ). Retrieved from http:// i.huffpost.com /gen/1228978/images/o-PILLS- facebook.jpg Kosten , T., & George, T. (2002). The Neurobiology of Opioid Dependence: Implications for Treatment. Science & Practice Perspectives, 1(1), 13–20. Retrieved from http:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov / pmc /articles/PMC2851054/ Moghe , S. (2016). Opioids: From “wonder drug” to abuse epidemic. Retrieved from http:// www.cnn.com /2016/05/12/health/opioid-addiction-history/ index.html National Institute on Drug Abuse (2012). Is there a difference between physical dependence and addiction? Retrieved from https:// www.drugabuse.gov /publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/frequently-asked-questions/there-difference-between-physical-dependence Potee , R. (2016). The Pathology of Addiction. Retrieved from https:// www.youtube.com / watch?v =K3gfzfqEre0 SymptomsOpiateWithdrawal.gif (500×266). ( n.d. ). Retrieved August 8, 2016, from http:// www.disabled-world.com /disabled/uploads/1/ SymptomsOpiateWithdrawal.gif The Effects of Opiate Use. (2013). Retrieved from http:// drugabuse.com /library/the-effects-of-opiate-use/ PSymptomsOpiateWithdrawal.gif (500×266). ( n.d. ). Retrieved from http:// www.disabled-world.com /disabled/uploads/1/ SymptomsOpiateWithdrawal.gif References

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