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Media Planning and Strategy: 

Media Planning and Strategy 10

Media Terminology: 

Media Terminology Media Planning - A series of decisions involving the delivery of messages to audiences. Media Objectives - Goals to be attained by the media strategy and program. Media Strategy - Decisions on how the media objectives can be attained. Media - The various categories of delivery systems, including broadcast and print media. Broadcast Media - Either radio or television network or local station broadcasts.

Media Terminology: 

Media Terminology Print Media - Publications such as newspapers and magazines. Media Vehicle - The specific message carrier, such as the Washington Post or 60 Minutes. Coverage - The potential audience that might receive the message through the the vehicle. Reach - The actual number of individual audience members reached at least once by the vehicle in a given period of time. Frequency - The number of times the receiver is exposed to vehicle in a specific time period.

Problems in Media Planning: 

Problems in Media Planning Lack of information Inconsistent terms Serious time pressure Measurement problems

Developing the Media Plan: 

Developing the Media Plan Situation Analysis

Developing the Media Plan: 

Developing the Media Plan Analyze the Market Establish Media Objectives Develop Media Strategy Implement Media Strategy

MRI Report on Cell Phone Users: 

MRI Report on Cell Phone Users

Where to Promote? Brand and Category Analysis: 

Where to Promote? Brand and Category Analysis Percentage of brand sales to total US sales in market Percentage of total U.S. population in market

Where to Promote? Brand and Category Analysis: 

Where to Promote? Brand and Category Analysis Percentage of product category total sales in market Percentage of total U.S. population in market CDI = X 100 Category Development Index

Brand and Category Analysis: 

Brand and Category Analysis High market share Good market potential High market share Monitor for sales decline Low market share Good market potential High CDI Low CDI Low market share Poor market potential High BDI Low BDI

Brand and Category Analysis: 

Brand and Category Analysis High CDI Low CDI High BDI Low BDI

Media Planning Criteria Considerations: 

Media Planning Criteria Considerations The media mix Target market coverage Geographic coverage Scheduling Reach versus frequency Creative aspects and mood Flexibility Budget considerations

Target Audience Coverage: 

Target Audience Coverage Population excluding target market Target market Media coverage Media overexposure Coverage Exceeding Market Partial Market Coverage Full Market Coverage Target Market Proportion

Three Scheduling Methods: 

Three Scheduling Methods Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Reach and Frequency: 

Reach and Frequency Unduplicated Reach of Both Duplicated Reach of Both

Graph of Effective Reach: 

Graph of Effective Reach

Effects of Reach and Frequency: 

Effects of Reach and Frequency One exposure of an ad to a target group within a purchase cycle has little or no effect in most circumstances. Since one exposure is usually ineffective, the central goal of productive media planning should be to enhance frequency rather than reach. The evidence suggests strongly that an exposure frequency of two within a purchase cycle is an effective level. 4. Beyond three exposures within a brand purchase cycle or over a period of four or even eight weeks, increasing frequency continues to build advertising effectiveness at a decreasing rate but with no evidence of decline.

Effects of reach and frequency: 

Effects of reach and frequency Although there are general principles with respect to frequency of exposure and its relationship to advertising effectiveness, differential effects by brand are equally important Frequency response principles or generalizations do not vary by medium. 7. The data strongly suggest that wearout is not a function of too much frequency. It is more of a creative or copy problem.

Marketing Factors Important to Determining Frequency: 

Marketing Factors Important to Determining Frequency Brand history Brand share Brand loyalty Purchase cycles Usage cycle Competitive share of voice Target group

Message or Creative Factors Important to Determining Frequency: 

Message or Creative Factors Important to Determining Frequency Message complexity Message uniqueness New vs. continuing campaigns Image versus product sell Message variation Wearout Advertising units

Media Factors Important to Determining Frequency: 

Media Factors Important to Determining Frequency Clutter Editorial environment Attentiveness Scheduling Number of media used Repeat Exposures

Determining Relative Cost of Media: 

Determining Relative Cost of Media Cost of ad space (absolute cost) Circulation CPM = X 1,000 Cost per thousand (CPM)

Determining Relative Cost of Media: 

Determining Relative Cost of Media CPRP = Cost of commercial time Program rating Cost per rating point (CPRP)

Television Characteristics: 

Television Characteristics Advantages Mass coverage High reach Impact of sight, sound, and motion High prestige Low cost per exposure Attention getting Favorable image Disadvantages Low selectivity Short message life High absolute cost High production costs Clutter

Radio Characteristics: 

Radio Characteristics Advantages Local coverage Low cost High frequency Flexible Low production costs Well-segmented audiences Disadvantages Audio only Clutter Low attention getting Fleeting message

Magazines Characteristics: 

Magazines Characteristics Advantages Segmentation potential Quality reproduction High information content Longevity Multiple readers Disadvantages Long lead time for ad placement Visual only Lack of flexibility

Newspapers Characteristics: 

Newspapers Characteristics Advantages High coverage Low cost Short lead time for placing ads Ads can placed in interest sections Timely (current ads) Reader controls exposure Can be used for coupons Disadvantages Short life Clutter Low attention-getting capabilities Poor reproduction quality Selective reader exposure

Outdoor Characteristics: 

Outdoor Characteristics Advantages Location specific High resolution Easily noticed Disadvantages Short exposure time requires short ad Poor image Local restrictions

Direct Mail Characteristics: 

Direct Mail Characteristics Advantages High selectivity Reader controls exposure High information content Opportunities for repeat exposures Disadvantages High cost/contact Poor image (junk mail) Clutter

Internet / Interactive Media Characteristics: 

Internet / Interactive Media Characteristics Advantages User selects product information User attention and involvement Interactive relationship Direct selling potential Flexible message platform Disadvantages Limited creative capabilities Web snarl (crowded access) Technology limitations Few valid measurement techniques Limited reach

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