SYMBOL AND MYTHS

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A brief description of the concepts "symbol" and "myths"

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SYMBOL, MYTH AND RITUAL:

SYMBOL, MYTH AND RITUAL Adolfo García Morillo AEA 11º Religious Culture Colegio de San Francisco de Paula 2012

SYMBOL:

SYMBOL 1. A mark or character used as a conventional representation of something. 2. A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

SYMBOL:

SYMBOL Carl Jung determined that , as members of the human species , all of us have common symbols that go beyond our individual experience . We have them because there was a time in which the individual experience hadn’t separated from the species /tribal experience .

SYMBOL:

SYMBOL Precisely because they trascend our nature as individuals , symbols have always been used to - Reinforce a sense of belonging - Transmit one particular feeling - Speak to our emotional mind , avoiding or ignoring our rational perception of reality .

SYMBOL:

SYMBOL That includes the use of shapes , colours , attitudes , body language , parts of the human body . Sometimes , the object , fact or historical event did not originate as a symbol, but became one recent or soon after it happened or took place.

SYMBOL:

SYMBOL More examples ?

MYTH:

MYTH Can be distinguished by the nature of the main characters and the meaning they had for the listeners. Divine Myth Supernatural beings are the main actors. Legend (Saga) Main actors are human heroes. Folktales Main actors are ordinary people or animals.

Divine Myths:

Divine Myths Their divine myths take place in illo tempore (a time when the world was different from the way it is now). They answer the question: “why does this happen?

Divine Myths:

Divine Myths Though these divine myths and the gods have religious implications, they do not constitute “religion.” A myth is a story. Religion is a set of actions (rites and rituals) directed by beliefs.

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS:

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS:

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS:

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS:

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS:

ETIOLOGICAL MYTHS

Legend:

Legend As divine myth is analogous to theoretical science, so legend is analogous to history. They answer the question: “What happened in the human past?” May have etiological function as well.

Legend:

Legend The archaeological research sometimes reveals that these legends contain elements of historical accuracy.

Folktale:

Folktale A broad category that can include fables and fairytales, too. Main characters are not great men and women, but just plain “folk” or ordinary animals (with the power to speak). Primary purpose is to entertain, though sometimes they justify traditions and beliefs.

Folktale :

Folktale Their main motifs can be classified: The Quest of a magical object. Human attitudes summed up in three brothers or sisters. Dialogues between animals or animals and God, to explain one particular custom or tradition. Failed murder, savage breed, unknown and unnoticed existence, anagnorisis (…)

Your task:

Your task 1. You will have to design a symbol to express an abstract concept ( whatever ). You will have to explain the process you followed to produce that symbol ( presentation in class ). 2. You will have to compose a divine myth . 3.You will have to compose either a legend OR a folktale .

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