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Earth Composition/Plate Tectonic Test:

Earth Composition/Plate Tectonic Test

Group of parts that work together as a whole:

Group of parts that work together as a whole system

Name of the fault in SE Missouri:

Name of the fault in SE Missouri New Madrid

Forces that wear down, or destroy landmasses:

Forces that wear down, or destroy landmasses destructive

Type of plate boundary in which two plates slide past each other:

Type of plate boundary in which two plates slide past each other transform

A wave produced by an earthquake:

A wave produced by an earthquake siesmic

Area bordering the Pacific Ocean where there are several volcanoes:

Area bordering the Pacific Ocean where there are several volcanoes Pacific Ring of Fire

The layer of the Earth made up of molten iron and nickel:

The layer of the Earth made up of molten iron and nickel Outer core

What most scientists think cause tectonic plates to move:

What most scientists think cause tectonic plates to move Convection currents in the Earth

Continents are thought to be once joined together in this supercontinent:

Continents are thought to be once joined together in this supercontinent Pangaea

Scientist who proposed the theory of continental drift:

Scientist who proposed the theory of continental drift Alfred Wegener

Technology scientists used to map the ocean floor:

Technology scientists used to map the ocean floor sonar

A region where oceanic plates sink down into the asthenosphere and crust is destroyed; volcanoes often are created:

A region where oceanic plates sink down into the asthenosphere and crust is destroyed; volcanoes often are created Subduction zone

Relatively thin layer of gases that form Earth’s outermost layer:

Relatively thin layer of gases that form Earth’s outermost layer atmosphere

A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other:

A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other convergent

Study of the Earth:

Study of the Earth geology

The portion of the Earth that consists of water in any of its forms:

The portion of the Earth that consists of water in any of its forms hydrosphere

Scale commonly used to compare the sizes of earthquakes:

Scale commonly used to compare the sizes of earthquakes Richter

Process that adds more crust to the ocean floor; happens at a divergent boundary:

Process that adds more crust to the ocean floor; happens at a divergent boundary Sea-floor spreading

Theory that states the Earth’s plates are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle:

Theory that states the Earth’s plates are in slow, constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle Theory of Plate Tectonics

The portion of the Earth that consists of water in any of its forms:

The portion of the Earth that consists of water in any of its forms hydrosphere

Plate boundary where two plates move away from each other:

Plate boundary where two plates move away from each other divergent

The outer rocky region that includes the Earth’s crust and the rigid upper layer of the mantle:

The outer rocky region that includes the Earth’s crust and the rigid upper layer of the mantle lithosphere

What caused the Himalaya Mountains?:

What caused the Himalaya Mountains? Two continental plates converging and colliding

Layer of the Earth that has the greatest temperature and greatest pressure:

Layer of the Earth that has the greatest temperature and greatest pressure Inner core

The part of the Earth that contains living organisms:

The part of the Earth that contains living organisms biosphere

The rotation of the Earth’s core causes this:

The rotation of the Earth’s core causes this Earth’s magnetic fields

Many scientists think the Earth is about ____ years old.:

Many scientists think the Earth is about ____ years old. 5 billion

Forces that destroy and wear away landmasses through processes like erosion and weathering:

Forces that destroy and wear away landmasses through processes like erosion and weathering destructive

Why does warm fluid rise?:

Why does warm fluid rise? Warm fluid is less dense

What are the two main elements in the Earth’s core?:

What are the two main elements in the Earth’s core? Iron and nickel

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