Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation

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Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation : 

Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation Unit 12

Slide 2: 

FOREIGN POLICY ISOLATIONISM INVOLVEMENT

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1796 (John Adams) BRITISH UNITED STATES SPANISH FRENCH DISPUTED Know Your Neighbors

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1789 *Weakened America -No Standing Army *Enemies all around -British (Canada) -Spain (Florida, LA) *Uneasy alliance *NEUTRALITY *ISOLATIONISM

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ADAMS 1796-1800 JEFFERSON 1800-1808 MADISON 1808-1816 MONROE 1816-1824

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DILEMMA #1 John Adams v. France 1796 *The Jay Treaty -Peaceful solution -French betrayal * French seize 316 American ships

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DILEMMA #1 Cont’d. The XYZ Affair

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XYZ Affair 3 Representatives go to France Foreign Minister – NO Meeting XYZ and $ USA “No Way” Suddenly popular… but right?

Slide 10: 

Federalists

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DILEMMA #2 Thomas Jefferson v. Barbary Pirates 1800 *England and France are at it again! - LA Purchase-1803 -British impressment

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Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair” June 21, 1807 Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake. 3 dead, 18 wounded. Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake. Jefferson’s Response: Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports. Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.

Slide 15: 

The Barbary Pirates

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The Embargo Act of 1807

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DILEMMA #3 James Madison v. Britain

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If you agree to stop attacking our ships, we will stop trading with your enemy. Napoleon says, “OK”, but secretly tells his navy to keep seizing! Does not care… keeps seizing and impressing

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War with England? New England & Federalists Not a good idea…blockades are bad for business WEST & South YEAH! Brits are wrong… and coercing the Indians too

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William Henry Harrison Tecumseh

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Battle of Tippecanoe

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Henry Clay [KY] John C. Calhoun [SC] “WAR HAWKS”

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WAR OF 1812 2nd War for Independence

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A GOOD Idea? 7, 000 poorly trained soldiers 16 ship navy Overconfident! CANADA…No problem Brits too…not easy

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1814

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A “DOLLY” Saves The Day…

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BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS General Andrew Jackson “Old Hickory” 7,000 men army rag-tag militia free African Americans Indians pirates 7,500 confident, well-trained British

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BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS

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Indian resistance weakens in NW after Tecumseh’s death Sense of strong NATIONALISM (national pride) at standing up to British Federalist party badly damaged by opposing war. NEW WAR HEROES… Harrison and Jackson

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DILEMMA #4 James Monroe v. Europe A joyful return to ISOLATIONISM Spain’s colonies catch “revolutionary fever”

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Revolución Jose de San Martin- Argentina Simon Bolivar- Venezuela Father Miguel Hidalgo- Mexico

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The MONROE DOCTRINE

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