The Restoration Movement : A search for the ancient order
Problems in the Movement The Restoration Movement Points to Ponder : Points to Ponder Review of the Restoration Plea
What issues did the movement face?
How did theses issues affect the movement’s future?
What about the movement today? A Quick Review : A Quick Review Late in the 18th Century
American is a new independent country.
America is in a state of transition.
A new religious revival is sweeping the country.
There is a feeling of hope and renewal
Various religious leaders call for a return to the NT.
Thomas and Alexander Campbell Two Main Leaders Emerge and Join : Two Main Leaders Emerge and Join Barton W. Stone (1772-1844) Alexander Campbell (1788- 1866) A Quick Review : A Quick Review Barton Stone
Early 1800’s leaves the Presbyterian church.
Preached in Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee.
Cane Ridge – Stone teaches the gospel is universal and rejects the Calvinistic doctrine of election.
Joins Campbell in 1831 Alexander Campbell
Joins the Baptist for a time.
Prolific writer, preacher
Editor: Christian Baptist
Editor: Millennial Harbinger from 1830-1866.
Began Buffalo Seminary
1841 becomes president of Bethany College. Other Campbell Facts : Other Campbell Facts Debater
Rice Debate (Henry Clay moderator)
1850 preaches to congress
Christian Baptist The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems The North/South Problem
Slavery divided the nation as did regional differences.
After the Civil War the south was decimated.
Southern Christians looked with suspicion on those who had been educated in the North.
The Northern Schools (Bethany College, etc) were viewed as being liberal and were viewed suspiciously because of their views on slavery.
Southern Christians came to be aligned with the conservative aspects of the movement.
The issue of Pacifism also became a divisive issue.
McGarvey and Lipscomb took a non civil government position. The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems The Missionary Society
Some wanted a better way to promote the gospel than what could be offered by the “local congregation.”
Campbell argued that the brotherhood needed some kind of organization if the gospel was to be preached effectively.
Various “cooperative groups” began to emerge.
Others argued that the NT knew of no such organization larger than the local congregation.
October 23, 1849 (Cincinnati, OH) the first Missionary Society was formed. Campbell, though absent, was elected the first president.
1st Missionary: Dr. James Barclay – Jerusalem and Israel. The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems Opposition to the Missionary Society
Came from Jacob Creath, Tobert Fanning, and others.
Believed the church should do what societies were doing.
Objections came on three grounds.
Scripture did not authorize such conventions.
Infringed on the rights of the local congregation.
Support would force a “test of fellowship” issue. We want more faith and less machinery, more work and less talk, more faith and less planning. The Lord has given us the plan...; but instead of going to work with the tools he has furnished, we spend all the day in making new ones which in our wisdom we think will work better. (Benjamin Franklin) The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems Alexander Campbell’s Position
Favored the Missionary Society
Campbell may have been influenced by younger men in the movement (Pendleton, Richardson) who favored the societies.
Some believe that due to illness and perhaps even a stroke that Campbell came to be influenced by those who favored the societies.
Others, however, believe Campbell accepted the society from the beginning. Campbell’s writings in the Millennial Harbinger seem to suggest this (Earl West: Search for the Ancient Order) The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems David Lipscomb’s Objections
1. That it was a substitute for the church, that it was a human invention and without divine authority. 2. Built on the assumption that the Lords' church cannot or will not do the work assigned to it. 3. Had its origin in a desire to be like the denominations.4. Missionary Society would assume power or control over the churches 5. That the Society was the cause of division and conflict.6. That there was no Scriptural authority for it. The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems Instrumental Music
The instrument question had come up even during the Reformation Movement.
As early as 1851 the music question began to be discussed in the Movement’s journals and papers.
Impossible to say where the instrument was first introduced.
1860 – Midway, KY – Melodeon introduced by Pinkerton. This was probably the first use.
After the Civil War the controversy grew. The Movement Faces Problems : The Movement Faces Problems Campbell’s view:
He was opposed but . . . .
But he may not have seen it as the doctrinal issue we do today:
“But I presume, to all spiritually-minded Christians, such aids would be as a cow bell in a concert.” Some Points to Consider : Some Points to Consider The Restoration Movement
Was never a monolithic entity w/o controversy.
Only in retrospect can we see how the movement progressed.
Leaders often disagreed among themselves as to issues.
The movement was just that! A movement. Today we often preach and speak about the Restoration Movement as if it emerged full grown and without controversy. The real truth is that the movement was all about controversy. Controversy defined the movement. Restoration is a process that is never finished! Some Points to Consider : Some Points to Consider Over time the movement split:
Disciples of Christ - ecumenical
Church of Christ –conservative The 1906 US census posted the “Churches of Christ” as a separate denomination. It showed it as a split from the “Christian Church.” We must remember in the restoration movement the “name” and delineation was not nearly as defined as it later came to be. Conclusion : Conclusion The Restoration Movement:
The restoration movement was based on a return to the scriptures and the authority of the Word of God. The million dollar question, however, is what does the Word of God approve or disapprove? We will never see all issues alike thus the challenge is two fold: first to determine if the issue is one that hinders fellowship; second to treat each other charitably no matter which side we find ourselves on.