How we got the bible

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canonization and transmission of the biblical text

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Slide 1: 

The Mind of God Revealed!

Slide 2: 

Outline of Study: What is the Bible? Who wrote the Bible? The NT Canon The English Bible

Slide 3: 

What is the Bible?

Slide 4: 

1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 The Bible is the Mind of God All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. Timothy 3:16-17 Inspiration = God Breathed

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 The Bible is the Mind of God Verbal – The very words of the Bible are inspired Plenary – Every single word is inspired. Inspiration – The Bible is the very Mind of God! The Original Autographs Were Without Error!

Slide 6: 

Who Wrote The Bible?

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Made up of 66 different books. Written over a span of 1,600 years Written by more than 40 individuals God is the Author of the Bible One Author, Many Scribes!

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The New Testament Canon

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The list of books that are accepted as the Word of God. Those writings that determine Christian doctrine, practice, and worship. 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 What is the Canon? Greek: ?a??? – A Measuring Rod

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Stages of Canonization Composition – gospel preached and epistles written Community – writings read and circulated by the church Compilation– letters collected and bound in codices Canonization– ex post facto authority given to books

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The Word became flesh and dwelt among men (John 1:14) 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Jesus’ Birth Jesus’ Ministry – Oral Teaching Jesus’ Death, Burial, Resurrection Composition The Role of Jesus

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Holy Spirit Superintended Apostle’s Words 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come. (John 16:13 NKJV) Composition The Role of the Holy Spirit

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Community Paul Peter Matthew Luke Laodicea Colosse Titus Galatia Churches Jewish Christians Gentile Christians Writings Written

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Gospel of Luke Gospel of Matthew 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Community Laodicea Colosse Titus Book of Galatians Writings Circulated

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Compilation Early Church Collected Sacred Writings Now when this epistle is read among you, see that it is read also in the church of the Laodiceans, and that you likewise read the epistle from Laodicea. Colossians 4:16 NKJV Writings Collected

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Canonization “Ex Post Facto Authority” Canonization approved books already accepted Canonization approved books already used in worship Canonization approved books already known to be valid Writings Approved

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Canonization Letters “Officialized” The 27 books of the New Testament were formally confirmed as canonical by the Synod of Carthage in AD 397, thus recognizing three centuries of use by followers of Christ. Carthage

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1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 Criteria Why the Need for a Canon? Apostasy Heretics Competing Writings Persecution Gospel of Judas

Slide 19: 

The Bible In English

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Germanic migrations (AD 378-600) cause new languages, other than Latin, to emerge. Thus the eventual need for a bible in English. 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 AD 1455 - 1611 Necessity: The Mother of Invention

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The first English Bible was translated from Latin in AD 1382 by Oxford Scholar and priest named John Wycliffe. Was copied by hand! “Morning Star of the Reformation” 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 John Wycliffe AD 1455 - 1611 It All Begins . . .

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Before the printing press is invented, the Bible was copied by hand. Around 1455 Johannes Gutenberg popularized the “movable type” and printed the first Bible in Mainz, Germany. 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 AD 100 - 1455 The Main(z) Event Gutenberg and The First Printing Press

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William Tyndale William Tyndale, First New Testament from Greek printed in English (A.D. 1525). Burned at Stake for printing the Bible (A.D. 1536) 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 William Tyndale: Father of the English Bible AD 1455 - 1611

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The Coverdale Bible was translated by Miles Coverdale (AD 1535) and dedicated to Anne Boleyn, one of King Henry VIII’s wives. This is the first complete Bible to be printed in English. 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 The Coverdale Bible AD 1455 - 1611

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As persecution set in from Catholicism under “Bloody Mary” exiles from England fled to Geneva, Switzerland. In AD 1560, they printed the Geneva Bible, The Geneva Bible 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 AD 1455 - 1611 “God Made them Breeches from fig leaves” Genesis 3:21

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The Geneva Bible 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 AD 1455 - 1611 The Geneva Bible was also called the “Pilgrims’ Bible” because this was the bible they brought on the Mayflower to the New World in 1620. The Pilgrims were heavily Calvinistic. The Pilgrims’ Bible

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For six years, six teams of scholars using the Textus Receptus, Bishops Bible, and Tyndale’s Bible, complete the new version in AD 1611. King James Version King James I of England 1500 BC 500 BC AD1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 King James I commissions 54 scholars to undertake a new Bible translation. 1500 BC 500 BC AD 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 1900 AD 2000 AD 1455 - 1611

The End : 

The End Thank You For The Interest You Have Shown Don’t Forget To Read Your Bible Every Day