dog bite

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WHAT IS A BITE? If a dog seizes something, or attempts to close or actually closes its jaws on something, and the teeth of the dog either enter, grip or wound that thing, a bite has occurred whether or not the skin is damaged.


WHAT IS A DOG BITE? a bite inflicted by a dog


CAUSES Fear and Self-protection Pain Aggression and dominance Lack of socialization Dogs, like humans, respond to fearful situations by either fighting or running. If your dog feels threatened or helpless, he may very well resort to biting. While this annoys humans, it is just part of dog's ancient survival instincts. If he feels cornered, he is going to react by attacking back. On top of biting out of fear, dogs also bite out of pain. Similar to fear-based biting, pain-based biting occurs when a dog doesn't know what is going on and reacts aggressively. If your dog gets injured, his normal gentle manner will go out the window, and be replaced with out-of-control behavior. Different from biting due to fear or for self-protection, biting to show aggression or dominance often occurs when a dog wants to show dominance. This will occur if the dog does not understand that the owner is the alpha leader. Breeds that have a tendency to be dominant, such as German Shepherds or Beagles, are particularly prone to this behavior. As Beagles show, dominant dogs aren't necessarily the big, tall dogs. Dogs that do not have the opportunity to socialize with other dogs, animals and people will become fearful or aggressive in new situations.


RESULTS A person who has been bitten by a dog bite may go through post traumatic stress disorder Emotional problems Fear of dogs Physical rehabilitation Reconstructive surgery Over 43,000 facial injuries are the result of dog attacks. Death


HOW TO TREAT DOG BITES? As much as humans interact with canines, dog bites are common, especially in children. Responding to a dog bite should always start with the safety of all involved, including the victim, the rescuer, and if possible, the dog.


HERE’S HOW: Stay Safe. Secure the dog or the victim. Move one away from the other. If the dog's owner is around, instruct him or her to secure the dog. If not, move the victim to a safe location. Dogs may bite because their territory is threatened. Don't start any treatment until there is a reasonable expectation that the dog won't attack again. If you are not the victim, practice universal precautions and wear personal protective equipment if available.

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Control any bleeding by following the appropriate steps. Avoid using a tourniquet unless there is severe bleeding that cannot be controlled any other way. Once the bleeding is controlled, clean the wound with soap and warm water. Do not be afraid to clean inside the wound. Be sure to rinse all the soap away, or it will cause irritation later. Cover the wound with a clean, dry dressing. You can put antibiotic ointment on the wound before covering. Watch for signs of infection: Redness Swelling Heat Weeping pus

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Always call a physician to determine if you should be seen. Some dog bites need antibiotics, particularly if they are deep puncture wounds. Additionally, many municipalities have regulations for reporting dog bites and monitoring the dogs, and that is often initiated by contact with a doctor. Any unidentified dog runs the risk of carrying rabies. If the dog cannot be identified and the owner cannot show proof of rabies vaccination, the victim must seek medical. The wound may need stitches. If the edges of a laceration are unable to touch, or if there are any avulsions, the wound will need emergency medical attention. Wounds on the face or hands should be seen by a physician because of the likelihood of scarring and loss of function.

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