EAST ASIA MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

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CHINESE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

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A. CHORDOPHONE

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1. CH’IN- A SEVEN STRINGED ZITHER

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2.PIPA- FOUR STRINGED LOQUAT SHAPED LUTE

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3.YUEH-CHIN – A FOUR STRINGED MOONSHAPED LUTE.

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4.CHENG – A LONG ZITHER WITH 13-23 STRINGS

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5.ERH-HU - A TWO STRINGEDFIDDLE PLAYED WITH A BOWSTRING.

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B. AEROPHONE

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1.HSIAO – AN END BLOWN FLUTE MADE FROM A SMOOTH BAMBOO.

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2.TI – A TRANSVERSE BAMBOO FLUTE TIPPED WITH IVORY OR BONE AT THE END.

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3.SHENG – A MOUTH ORGAN WITH 17 PIPES.

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C. IDIOPHONE

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1.YUN-LO – THE SMALL GONGS ARE STRUCKWITH A SMALL BEATER.

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2.BANGU – IS PLAYED STRIKING THE DRUM’S CENTRAL AREA WITH A PAIR OF BAMBOO STICKS.

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JAPANESE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

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A. CHORDOPHONE

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1. KOTO – A FAMOUS JAPANESE ZITHER WITH 13 SILK STRINGS THAT IS LAID HORIZONTALLY ON THE FLOOR.

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2.SHAMISEN – A FLAT-BACKED LUTE THAT HAS SKIN COVERED BELLIES AND THREE STRINGS.

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3.GEKKIN – A FLAT BACKED LUTE THAT HAS A VERY SHALLOW BODY, WOODBELLY, FRETS AND SILK STRINGS ATTACHED TO ELEGANT PEGS.

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4.BIWA – A JAPANESE VERSION OF PIPA THAT HAS FOUR STRINGS WITH FRETS ON THE BELLY AND SLIM LATERAL TUNING PEGS.

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B. AEROPHONE

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1.SHO – A MOUTH ORGAN THAT IS MADE FROM BAMBOO OR WOOD.

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2. SHAKUHACHI – A BAMBOO FLUTE WITH FOUR HOLES .

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3.FU’YE – A SOPHISTICATED SIDE BLOWN FLUTE WITH SEVEN FINGER HOLES.

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4. HICHIRIKI – AN INSTRUMENT SIMILAR TO AN OBOE.

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C. MEMBRANOPHONE

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1. KAKKO – A GAGAKU INSTRUMENT THAT IS MADE UP OF DEER SKIN.

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2. TSURI DAIKO – A SUSPENDED DRUM USED IN THE GAGAKU ENSEMBLE THAT HAS A LACQUERED BODY AND TACKED HEAD.

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3. DADAIKO – A HUGE GAGAKU DRUM SUSPENDED ON AN ARTISTIC FRAME AND IS STRUCK WITH HEAVY LACQUERED BEATERS.

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D. IDIOPHONE

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1.SHOKO – HANGING GONG.

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KOREAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

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A. CHORDOPHONE

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1. KAYAGUM – A TWELVE STRINGED ZITHER SIMILAR TO THE KOTO OF JAPAN AND CHIN OF CHINA.

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2. KUMUNGO – A SIX STRINGED ZITHER THAT PLAYS AS THE PRINCIPAL INSTRUMENT FOR A SMALL GROUP OF PLAYERS.

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3. HAEGUM – A TWO STRINGED FIDDLE MADE OF BAMBOO THAT IS PLUCKED.

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B. AEROPHONE

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1. TANSO – A SMALL NOTCHED VERTICAL BAMBOO FLUTE WITH FIVE FINGERHOLES THAT IS PLAYED BY BLOWING AIR THROUGH THE AIRHOLE.

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2. CHOTTDAE – A LONG FLUTE MADE OF BAMBOO WITH SIX HOLES.

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C. IDIOPHONE

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1. KWAENGGWARI – THE SMALLEST GONG STRUCK WITH A WOODEN MALLET

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2. PAK – A CLAPPER SHAPED LIKE A FOLDED FAN .

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3. CHING – A HUGE GONG PLAYED WITH A PADDED MALLET.

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D. MEMBRANOPHONE

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1. CHANGGO – AN HOUR GLASS SHAPED DRUM PLAYED BY STRIKING EITHER OF BOTH ENDS.