Psychology as a Science

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Table of Contents: - THE EMERGENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY - DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY - BASIC SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOLS - STRUCTURALISM - FUNCTIONALISM - PSYCHOANALYTIC SCHOOL - THE STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHE - CRITICISM OF PSYCHOANALYSIS - BEHAVIORISM - GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY - HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY - COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY - RESEARCH METHODS Created by www.what-is-psychology.org

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PSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENCE:

P SYCHOLOGY AS A S CIENCE

THE EMERGENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY:

THE EMERGENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY The concept " psychology " was introduced to describe the science of the soul by the German philosopher Wilhelm Wundt P sychology as an independent science occurred in the mid-19th century.

DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY:

DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt established the psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig and founded the psychological journal.

BASIC SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOLS:

BASIC SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOLS Structural Psychology Functionalism Psychoanalysis Behaviorism Gestalt Psychology Humanistic Psychology Cognitive Psychology

STRUCTURALISM:

STRUCTURALISM Wundt's ideas were transferred to the United States with one of his students, Edward Titchener. Structuralists sought to break the experience on the basic elements of introspection.

FUNCTIONALISM:

FUNCTIONALISM American scientist William James has extended the scope of psychology to include animal behavior, religious experience, and abnormal behavior. Based on Darwin's theory of evolution, functionalists wanted to understand how consciousness, perception, habits and emotions deal with survival and adaptation.

PSYCHOANALYTIC SCHOOL:

PSYCHOANALYTIC SCHOOL Psychoanalysis - is the study of the role of the unconscious psyche. Freud and his followers - A. Adler - K.G. Jung - E. Erickson - Erich Fromm

THE STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHE:

THE STRUCTURE OF THE PSYCHE . Consciousness Contact With The Outside Preconscious A Material Which Can Be Translated Into The Consciousness Unconscious. Material Inaccessible To Consciousness

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. . Id Ego Superego SUPEREGO - THE PRINCIPLE OF OBLIGATION I must! Id - The Pleasure Principle I want! Ego - The Reality Principle I can!

CRITICISM OF PSYCHOANALYSIS:

CRITICISM OF PSYCHOANALYSIS P an- sexualism – an explanation of human behavior through sexual motivation Determinism - lack of humanistic C riticism methods

BEHAVIORISM :

BEHAVIORISM Behaviorism i s the science of human behavior. In 1906, Ivan Pavlov reported about his research of conditioning American psychologist James Watson, in 1913 puts forward his behavioral theory. The formula of behavior STIMULUS → RESPONSE

GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY :

GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY Gestalt psychology is the teaching about the integrity of psychic phenomena. In 1912Max Wertheimer , Wolfgang Köhler , Kurt Lewin develop the Gestalt approach. The most important thing for a person is to realize their gestalt. Then he solves his problems .

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY:

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY Emerged in the early 60s of the 20th century in the United States Representatives -  Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Victor Frankl. Man is endowed with potentialities to continuous development and implementation of creative possibilities and able to take over control of their own development.

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY:

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY People are focused mainly on the future rather than the past and present life events People actively form an idea about their environment

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY General psychology explores the individual, highlighting therein mental cognitive processes.

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY Genetic psychology studies the genetic mechanisms of the psyche and human behavior.

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY Developmental psychology studies the psychological changes that occur during the transition from one age to another.

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY Social psychology studies human relations arising in the process of communicating and interacting with one another.

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY Educational psychology brings together all information related to training and education.

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY Medicopsychology Pathopsychology Psychotherapy

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY:

BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychodiagnostics poses and solves problems of psychological assessment of the individual features and the level of development of the individual.

RESEARCH METHODS:

RESEARCH METHODS OBSERVATION External Introspection Free Standardized Included Sided

Research Methods:

Research Methods Interrogation Oral Written Free Standardized

Research Methods:

Research Methods Tests Test-questionnaire Test-task Projective Test

Research Methods:

Research Methods Experiment Natural Laboratory

Research Methods:

Research Methods Modeling Mathematical Logical Cybernetic Technical

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