Writing Paragraphs

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Writing Paragraphs : 

Writing Paragraphs

What is a Paragraph? : 

What is a Paragraph? A paragraph is a group of sentences written about one main idea or topic. The main idea is often expressed in a topic sentence.

The Elements of a Paragraph: The Topic Sentence : 

The Elements of a Paragraph: The Topic Sentence The topic sentence clearly identifies the main idea in a paragraph. It tells the reader what the paragraph is about. The topic sentence provides focus and direction for the other sentences, like a conductor in a concert or a director in a play.

The Elements of a Paragraph:Supporting Sentences : 

The Elements of a Paragraph:Supporting Sentences Supporting sentences give more details about the main idea of the paragraph. The details should be presented in an order that is easy to follow. In an orchestra, all of the musicians are necessary in making a concert successful. These musicians are like supporting sentences in a paragraph. And the director needs actors to make a play a success… just like paragraphs need good supporting details.

The Elements of a Paragraph: The Concluding Sentence : 

The Elements of a Paragraph: The Concluding Sentence The closing sentence makes it clear that the paragraph is finished. It sometimes restates the main idea of the paragraph. A closing sentence may also challenge the reader with a question, deliver a strong final detail or example, or provide a link to the main idea of the next paragraph. Like in a concert or a play, it’s important for your audience to know that you have finished the discussion.

Sample Paragraph : 

Sample Paragraph As soon as precipitation reaches the surface, it starts making its way back into the atmosphere. Some of it evaporates directly from the land and water surface. Plants begin at once to use any water that reaches them. Later they give off vast amounts of moisture into the atmosphere through a process called transpiration. The moisture released by evaporation and transpiration forms clouds. The clouds later return the moisture to earth, completing the water cycle.

Sample Paragraph : 

Sample Paragraph As soon as precipitation reaches the surface, it starts making its way back into the atmosphere. Some of it evaporates directly from the land and water surface. Plants begin at once to use any water that reaches them. Later they give off vast amounts of moisture into the atmosphere through a process called transpiration. The moisture released by evaporation and transpiration forms clouds. The clouds later return the moisture to earth, completing the water cycle.

The Structure of a Paragraph : 

The Structure of a Paragraph The structure of a paragraph should demonstrate

The Structure of a Paragraph: Unity : 

Unity means that a paragraph has one main idea. It describes one thing or one experience, or explains one idea or one opinion. The Structure of a Paragraph: Unity

The Structure of a Paragraph: Order : 

Order means that the details in a paragraph are organized in a way that makes sense. There are three ways to think about organizing details in a paragraph: Logical Order Space Order Time Order The Structure of a Paragraph: Order

The Structure of a Paragraph: Order : 

Logical Order: one idea leads logically to the next. For example, least important to most important, general to specific, familiar to new or unknown. The Structure of a Paragraph: Order For example, if you are writing a paragraph to persuade your audience, you may want to provide your examples in order of importance. The weaker example appears first and your strongest example appears last.

The Structure of a Paragraph: Order : 

Space Order: puts the details in an order relating to the physical world, for example, left to right, top to bottom, close to far away. The Structure of a Paragraph: Order For example, if you needed to provide directions on how to get somewhere, you would begin at the starting point and provide the directions a person might need to reach the destination. If you miss a step in the directions, your audience will be lost!

The Structure of a Paragraph: Order : 

Time Order: puts the details in an order relating to time (hours, days, months, and so on), for example, past to present, present to future, first to last. The Structure of a Paragraph: Order For example, in the sample paragraph on the water cycle, the author organized the supporting details according to time. We learned what happens first, then what happens next, and so on.

The Structure of a Paragraph: Coherence : 

Coherence means that all the ideas in aparagraph flow naturally from one to another. Using linking or transition words help. For example: First Second Finally Then Now To the left… To the right… Before The Structure of a Paragraph: Coherence

Information From : 

Reading and Writing for Success by Lynn Archer, Cathy Costello, and Debbie Harvey Toronto: Harcourt Canada (1997) Images from 2010 Thinkstock Information From

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