Science, Technology, and Society section 2 - copy

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Science, Technology, and Society:

Science, Technology, and Society Chapter 2 Forces that Shape Technology

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Technology is the application of scientific knowledge of materials and processes to benefit people. Technology can be: What is technology? any human-made object knowledge or skills needed to operate a human-made object a system of people and objects used to do a particular task

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Technological solutions in developing countries, like Kenya, focus on supplying basic needs for families. Basic needs include: Technology that would supply enough clean drinking water and food. Basic health care technology like medicines and clean bandages. Global Technological Needs

Life in Kenya:

Life in Kenya List several observations about life in Kenya.

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The USA is considered an industrialized country. What we value here may not be valued in other parts of the world. We have safe, clean water and food, plus good health care. Our basic needs are met. Industrialized nations value technology that helps provide a higher quality of life, such as cell phones, computers, etc. Industrialized Countries

Life in the United States:

Life in the United States List several differences comparing life in the US to life in Kenya.

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Social Forces that Shape Technology Society is a group of people that share similar values and beliefs. The development of technology is affected by society and its changing values, politics, and economics. If people find a new technology to be of value to them, they will make a purchase.

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Social Forces that Shape Technology If consumers fail to buy a product, companies usually will not spend additional money on that type of technology. When consumers purchase a product, companies will spend money to improve the product. Video phones were a new technology that did not catch on .

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Economic Forces that Shape Technology The federal government will fund new technologies in agriculture, defense, energy and transportation. A private foundation will raise money to support many types of research such as cancer and muscular dystrophy. Federal Government Private Foundations

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Private Industries Private industry invests money in new technology that can make money for their company. Examples include companies that make Phones Computers Game Systems Sports Equipment

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Environment Issues Consumers and voters have a responsibility to weigh the benefits and consequences of technology. Responsible technology looks at the impact of a product or invention on the environment .

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Question 1 _______ is a group of people that share similar values and beliefs.

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Answer The correct answer is society. Society often helps determine how technology will be used.

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Question 2 What are the basic needs of people who live in underdeveloped countries, such as Kenya?

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Safe water, food supplies, health care, and a safe environment to live. Answer

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Question 3 How can you influence whether or not funding will be spent on developing certain technology?

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Answer By contributing money to private foundations or purchasing products.

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