Anth 1 009 Symbolism

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SYMBOLISM:

SYMBOLISM

SYMBOLS:

SYMBOLS A vehicle for cultural meaning The arbitrary relationship between a ‘ signifier ’ and the ‘ signified ’ , The connection depends on the social convention (general agreement) or habit. The connection is neither physical nor logical, it is only because we decide that the signifier and the signified are connected.

SYMBOLS:

SYMBOLS To study symbols can involve studying: the meaning of words the meaning of actions the meanings of objects in a culture.

SYMBOLISM:

SYMBOLISM Ways to study symbolism: Examine a particular symbol and the different meanings that are attached to it in various cultures Study the thing, idea, or concept symbolized and the different symbols used for it.

COLOR SYMBOLISM:

COLOR SYMBOLISM Red Green White Black Yellow

ANIMAL SYMBOLISM:

ANIMAL SYMBOLISM Owl Lion Eagle Dog Cat

TOTEMS:

TOTEMS Social groups or clans can be represented by a totemic animal Birds Fish Animals

Number Symbolism:

Number Symbolism One Two Four Seven Nine Thirteen

SYMBOLISM OF THE NATURAL LANDSCAPE:

SYMBOLISM OF THE NATURAL LANDSCAPE Flowers Rivers Mountains

KEY SYMBOLS:

KEY SYMBOLS Each culture has its ‘ core ’ or ‘ key ’ symbols; expressed in the public system

CLASSIFICATION & FUNCTION OF KEY SYMBOLS:

CLASSIFICATION & FUNCTION OF KEY SYMBOLS

SUMMARIZING SYMBOLS:

SUMMARIZING SYMBOLS The category of sacred symbols (in the broadest sense) includes objects of reverence and/or catalysts of emotion Serve to compound and synthesize a complex system of ideas under a unitary form.

ELABORATING SYMBOLS:

ELABORATING SYMBOLS Provide vehicles for sorting out complex and undifferentiated feelings and ideas makes them comprehensible to oneself communicable to others translatable into orderly action Accorded central status in the culture on the basis of their capacity to order experience.

ELABORATING SYMBOLS:

ELABORATING SYMBOLS Root Metaphor Valued as a source of categories for conceptualizing the order of the world. Examples The machine symbolizes modern, efficient, mechanized society the wheel in Indo-Tibetan cosmology symbolizes forms and processes of life, space and time cows for the Dinka of Africa cattle color influences vocabulary, and division of meat among members—reflects status in society, ‘ the people are put together as a bull is put together. ”

ELABORATING SYMBOLS:

ELABORATING SYMBOLS Key Scenario Implies clear-cut modes of action appropriate to the correct and successful living in the culture. How success is defined, and given that what are considered the best ways of achieving it. Example In the US success = wealth and power pulling yourself up by your own bootstraps single-minded hard work…

ELABORATING SYMBOLS:

ELABORATING SYMBOLS Both kinds of elaborating symbols have both types of referents a worldview and appropriate action Root metaphors establish a certain view of the world implicitly suggest certain valid and effective ways of acting upon it Key scenarios prescribe certain culturally effective courses of action embody and rest upon certain assumptions or views of the world

MEDICINE WHEEL:

MEDICINE WHEEL EAST: Yellow Sun/Fire Determine energy Spiritual Aspect Illumination & Enlightening SOUTH : Red Water Gives Energy Emotional Aspect Trust and Innocence NORTH: White Air Animals Mutual aspect Wisdom & Logic WEST : Black Earth/Physical Holds Energy Physical Aspect Introspection and Insight

Rituals are Symbolic Action:

Rituals are Symbolic Action Rituals repetitive behaviors that communicate sacred symbols to members of society can be included as key scenarios

Rite of Passage:

Rite of Passage Communal ceremonies to mark the stages of people ’ s life; tell the person that something important is happening to their status.

Rite of Intensification:

Rite of Intensification Celebrated at points in the yearly cycle Planting hope for good crop thanksgiving Rituals as valued-end states and effective means for achieving them are dramatized for all to see. Can include individualized elements of rituals: objects, roles, action sequences insofar as they epitomize the ritual as a whole.

SYMBOLISM:

SYMBOLISM

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