Japan82 Kyoto24 The Never-Ending Wonders of Kyoto


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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/japan82-kyoto24-the-neverending-wonders-of-kyoto Thank you! Kyoto is located in the central part of the island of Honshu. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the Imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, Kyoto is also known as the thousand-year capital. The original city was arranged in accordance with traditional Chinese feng shui following the model of the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an (present-day Xi'an). Historically, Kyoto was the largest city in Japan, later surpassed by Osaka and Edo (Tokyo) towards the end of the 16th century.


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JAPAN Kyoto Short but sweet touching trip 24


There was some consideration by the United States of targeting Kyoto with an atomic bomb at the end of World War II because, as an intellectual center of Japan, it had a population "better able to appreciate the significance of the weapon”. In the end, at the insistence of Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, the city was removed from the list of targets and replaced by Nagasaki. The city was largely spared from conventional bombing as well, although small-scale air raids did result in casualties. As a result, the Imperial City (Emeritus) of Kyoto is one of the few Japanese cities that still have an abundance of prewar buildings, such as the traditional townhouses known as machiya. However, modernization is continually breaking down the traditional Kyoto in favor of newer architecture, such as the Kyōto Station complex


Sanjusangendo is the popular name for Rengeo-in, a temple in eastern Kyoto  which is famous for its 1001 statues of Kannon, the goddess of mercy


The temple was founded in 1164 and rebuilt a century later after the original structure had been destroyed in a fire


The name Sanjusangendo (literally "33 intervals") derives from the number of intervals between the building's support columns, a traditional method of measuring the size of a building


Measuring 120 meters, the temple hall is Japan's longest wooden structure


In the center of the main hall sits a large, wooden statue of a 1000-armed Kannon (Senju Kannon) that is flanked on each side by 500 statues of human sized 1000-armed Kannon standing in ten rows


1000-armed Kannon are equipped with 11 heads to better witness the suffering of humans and with 1000 arms to better help them fight the suffering


Note that the actual statues have only 42 arms each. Subtract the two regular arms and multiply by the 25 planes of existence to get the full thousand


The main deity of the temple is Sahasrabhuja-arya-avalokiteśvara or the Thousand Armed Kannon. The statue of the main deity was created by the Kamakura sculptor Tankei and is a National Treasure of Japan


The one thousand life-size statues of the Thousand Armed Kannon stand on both the right and left sides of the main statue in 10 rows and 50 columns


Of these, 124 statues are from the original temple, rescued from the fire of 1249, while the remaining 876 statues were constructed in the 13th century


The statues are made of Japanese cypress clad in gold leaf


Around the 1000 Kannon statues stand 28 statues of guardian deities. There are also two famous statues of Fūjin and Raijin


The 28 guardian deities stand in front of the Buddhist Kannon have their origins in Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. These ideas came to Japan through China, and the presence of both Hindu and Buddhist deities at Sanjūsangen-dō temple in Kyoto suggest various theories of the origin and spread of the spiritual and cultural ideas from India to east Asia Raijin is a god of lightning, thunder and storms in the Shinto religion and in Japanese mythology


Fūjin or Futen is the Japanese god of the wind and one of the eldest Shinto gods


Statue of Makeishura


Statue of Birurokusha this deity has been considered the guardian of Buddhist teachings


Statue of Kondai’o; this deity represents the figure of a divine general


Considered a manifestation of Benzaiten by some, but by others of Kichijōten (Skt. = Śrī-devī, Lakṣmī), the Buddhist goddess of beauty, luck, prosperity, and merit


Statue of Birubakusha; this deity lives with dragons and has a wide vision


Taishaku-ten; this deity is a warrior-god because it can make rain for a good harvest, but wears armor under the heavenly garment, ready for battle as a guardian of Buddhism Sañji-taisho; this deity represents the figure of a mighty heavenly general


A popular archery tournament known as the Tōshiya has also been held here, beside the West veranda, since the Edo period


Statue of naraen kengo (sanskrit narayana) a guardian deity of extraordinary strength


Statue of Nanda-ryu’o; this deity is believed to control meteorological phenomena according to people’s wishes


Karura, a mythical bird-man creature of Hindu lore who was later adopted into the Buddhist pantheon as a protector deity. The gold-colored Garuda (Skt.) has a human body but the wings, face, and beak of an eagle-like bird


In early Hindu literature, Garuda is granted immortality by Lord Vishnu and serves as Vishnu’s mount (avatar)


In January, the temple has an event known as the Rite of the Willow where worshippers are touched on the head with a sacred willow branch to cure and prevent headaches


The Japanese-style garden at Sanjusangen-do Buddhist Temple, officially known as "Rengeo-in" (Hall of the Lotus King)


It takes about twenty minutes to walk there from Kyoto Station


The Japanese-style garden at Sanjusangen-do


The Shorenin Temple


Shorenin temple is one of the five Monzeki temples of the Tendai sect in Kyoto; the head priests at these temples originally belonged to the imperial family


Shoren-in temple Japanese garden


Shoren-in temple


Prince Son-en, the seventeenth head priest of Shoren-in temple and one of the sons of Emperor Fushimi, was known as a distinguished calligrapher who created a unique handwriting style that combined both the traditional Japanese and Chinese styles


Until the Meiji era, only members from the imperial family or from the regent family could become head priests of Shoren-in temple


Following Prince Son-en, all head priests inherited his handwriting style and became the grand masters in the world of Japanese calligraphy


After the Imperial Palace was burnt down during the Tokugawa era, the retired Emperor Gosakuramachi settled in Shoren-in temple for sometime; it served as her temporary Imperial Palace and Kobuntei in the garden served as her study room


Kobuntei in the garden


Shoren-in temple


Nanzen-ji is a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto. Emperor Kameyama established it in 1291 on the site of his previous detached palace






It is also the headquarters of the Nanzen-ji branch of Rinzai Zen


The precincts of Nanzen-ji are a nationally designated Historic Site and the Hōjō gardens a Place of Scenic Beauty


Nanzen-ji The ancient aqueduct (known as Suirokaku) built in the style of the Romans


While its construction dates back to the Meiji Era, the Suirokaku is still seen as a fully-operational feat of Japan’s triumph in civil engineering


Kyoto Nanzenji temple view from Nanzen ji gate Nanzen-ji


Kyoto International Conference Center ©Joseph Hollick


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