Japan75 Kyoto17 Nijō Castle Karamon gate

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/japan75-kyoto17-nij-castle-karamon-gate Thank you! Nijō Castle is a flatland castle in Kyoto, Japan. The castle consists of two concentric rings (Kuruwa) of fortifications, the Ninomaru Palace, the ruins of the Honmaru Palace, various support buildings and several gardens. It is one of the seventeen Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto which have been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. One walks through the Kara-mon-Chinese style gate just before the approach to Ninomaru Palace. The elegantly curl shaped part of the roof is borrowed from Chinese temple architecture and referred to as Kara-gable. Together with the Kara-mon’s coloufrul carvings and gold plated metal fixtures, Kara-mon is considered to be a distinctive artistic relic of the Momoyama period (1573-1615). The gate itself actually originates from the Fushimi Palace and was later transferred here. It was generally used to receive Imperial messengers and also referred to as the “Imperial Messenger Gate.” Similar to this one, Nishi Honganji and Toyokuni Toyokuni Shrine are said to be only a few other select places to have Imperial Messenger Gates.

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JAPAN Kyoto Short but sweet touching trip 17

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Nijo Castle (Nijōjō) was built in 1603 as the Kyoto residence of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first shogun of the Edo Period (1603-1867). His grandson Iemitsu completed and expanded it. After the Tokugawa Shogunate fell in 1867, Nijo Castle was used as an imperial palace for a while before being donated to the city and opened up to the public as a historic site. Its palace buildings are arguably the best surviving examples of castle palace architecture of Japan's feudal era, and the castle was designated a UNESCO world heritage site in 1994

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Kyoto Nijo-Jo Higashi-Ote-Mon (East Facing Gate)

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Kyoto Nijo-Jo Higashi-Ote-Mon (East Facing Gate)

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The turret of the south-eastern corner Nijo Castle can be divided into three areas: the Honmaru (main circle of defense), the Ninomaru (secondary circle of defense) and some gardens that encircle the Honmaru and Ninomaru The Honmaru The Ninomaru

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The turret of the south-eastern corner

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Nijo-Jo Castle Higashi-Ote-Mon (East Facing Gate) and the guard station The gate’s roof is constructed of tiles in hip-and-gable fashion, with gables of latticework, and the ridge of the roof is adorned with Shachihoko (a traditional dolphin-like fish). It is formed by a roofed passage that goes between the stonewalls of the Yagura-mon gate with a gate below

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Guard station at Nijo-Jo Castle, East Facing Gate Nijo-Jo Castle Higashi-Ote-Mon (East Facing Gate) and the guard station

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The entire castle grounds and the Honmaru are surrounded by stone walls and moats

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Ninomaru Chinese-style gate, Karamon Gate

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Details of tiled roof with embossed end tiles Palace roof detail Palace roof detail

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Nijo Castle (NijoJO) was belonged to the Imperial House and was given to the city of Kyoto in October 1939. 1952 According to the establishment of the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, six buildings of the Ninomaru palace are made National Treasures and 22 buildings including the Honmaru palace and corner turrets receive the designation of important cultural property

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The karamon or karakado is a type of gate seen in Japanese architecture. It is characterized by the usage of karahafu, an undulating bargeboard peculiar to Japan. Karamon are often used at the entrances of Japanese castles, Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines, and have historically been a symbol of authority

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Ceiling. It is adorned with an abundance of engravings

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One walks through the Karamon gate just before the approach to Ninomaru Palace. The gate itself actually originates from the Fushimi Palace and was later transferred here

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Although kara can be translated as meaning "China" or "Tang", this type of roof with undulating bargeboards first appeared during the late Heian period

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 It was named thus because the word kara could also mean "noble" or "elegant", and was often added to names of objects considered grand or intricate regardless of origin

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Initially, the karahafu was used only in temples and aristocratic gateways, but starting from the beginning of the Azuchi-Momoyama period, it became an important architectural element in the construction of a daimyo's mansions and castles

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The karamon entrance was reserved for the shogun during his onari visits to the retainer, or for the reception of the emperor at shogunate establishments Imperial Seal of Japan

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Karamon would later become a means to proclaim the prestige of a building and functioned as a symbol of both religious and secular architecture. In the Tokugawa shogunate, the karamon gates were a powerful symbol of authority reflected in architecture Imperial Seal of Japan

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Ninomaru Palace: Kurumayose is the entrance room in the Ninomaru castle and the Toozamurai is behind it

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The rear of Karamon gate

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The gabled roof, supported on four pillars, displays wave-like curves (kara-hafu) on the front and rear, and is shingled with cypress

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Nijo Castle's Karamon Gate hints at the splendour of Momoyama-period culture. Nijo Castle symbolised the Tokugawa shogunate's authority in Kyoto.

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Finely crafted carvings over the pent-roof, exquisite metal trimmings, and other decorative features form part of this magnificent spectacle of Momoyama culture

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Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foi ş oreanu Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi ş oreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Rimi Natsukawa - Shima Uta 2016

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