Japan67 Kyoto9 Nishi Honganji Temple Chrysanthemums

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/japan67-kyoto9 Thank you! Nishi Honganji Temple is a large temple compound located north west of Kyoto Station with many beautiful buildings of historical and architectural significance. It is one of two head temples of the Jodo Shinshu sect of Buddhism in Kyoto. Both of these temples are called Honganji, and so are distinguished by their location: Nishi Honganji being the western temple, and Higashi Honganji being the eastern temple. Chrysanthemum flowers exhibition in Nishi Honganji Temple

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JAPAN Kyoto Short but sweet touching trip 8

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Nishi Honganji (the western temple) is a large temple compound located north west of Kyoto Station. It is one of two head temples of the Jodo Shinshu sect of Buddhism in Kyoto. Japan’s most famous fall flower surly is kiku, known in the west as the “common garden chrysanthemum” or more simply mum. It is said that they were first brought to Japan from China as a medicine, coupled with a tale about them bringing long life (we’re talking 100s of years).

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 Aside from the cherry blossom, the chrysanthemum (kiku) is considered to be Japan’s national flower, since it is associated with the Imperial Family. Not only does it appear on the imperial crest, but the monarchy is also referred to as the Chrysanthemum Throne.  Kiku exhibition at Nishi Honganji Temple

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Chrysanthemums trained in bonsai forms

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Fukusukezukuri   style - one flower on a tiny plant

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The large flowered kiku type called atsumono are typically grown in groups of three. This training style is known as sanbonjitate with each flower representing balancing elements: heaven, earth, and human

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Atsumono Kiku is produced by removing all other buds as it grows so that one stem may produce just one flower. For the competition, the atsumono type is displayed as a trio, with each flower at exactly the same height as the others

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At the base, it sometimes looks like the three stems have come from one origin, but actually the three stems have grown separately and then later been tied together for a more appealing base

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The head of the flower is fairly large, spanning up to 20cm across. The three flowers act as a balance to each other, and each flower has a different meaning – earth, heaven and human. All the elements are considered to be important and must be equal in height

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“Raising a kiku from seed is more difficult than raising children”

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Kudamono kiku (spider mum)

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Sagagiku are known as brush or thistle chrysanthemums in the west

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Many family crests have featured this flower, which is a symbol of longevity; you can see it on the 50-yen coin, too. Because of the chrysanthemum’s significance, there are several flower festivals dedicated to it

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Kudamono kiku (spider mum)

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To drink the dew off chrysanthemums is considered an elixir for long life

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To prepare Chrysanthemum Wine, you have to float some Chrysanthemum petals in rice wine, appreciate their beauty first and then drink

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Kudamono kiku, known as the spider chrysanthemum

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Kiku variety called 'Dance‘ classified as a spoon flower type in the west

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The seal of the Japanese imperial family is the kiku flower, based on the flat, ichimonji type

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Perhaps the most visually stunning flower type is the huge ichimonji kiku which can be up to 20 cm across. This type has large, wide florets that are supported below by a disc of white paper. The Japanese royal family crest is patterned after this type

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Text: Internet Pictures: Internet Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi ş oreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Teresa Teng 2016

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