Japan66 Kyoto8 Nishi Honganji Temple Karamon

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/japan66-kyoto8/michaelasanda/japan66-kyoto8 Thank you! Nishi Honganji Temple is a large temple compound located north west of Kyoto Station with many beautiful buildings of historical and architectural significance. It is one of two head temples of the Jodo Shinshu sect of Buddhism in Kyoto. Both of these temples are called Honganji, and so are distinguished by their location: Nishi Honganji being the western temple, and Higashi Honganji being the eastern temple. The Karamon is a gate of Nishi Hongan-ji designated a National Treasures of Japan. It is constructed as a four-legged gate with karahafu gables of undulating curves on the front and back. The Karamon gate has a roof in the irimoya style, a style of hip roof sloping down on all four sides and integrated on two opposing sides with a gable (the style is of Chinese origin; it arrived from China in Japan in the 6th century). The roof is covered by bark shingles made from hinoki cypress. The gate dates to 1573 and was constructed early in the Momoyama period (1573 – 1614).

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JAPAN Kyoto Short but sweet touching trip 7

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Nishi Honganji Temple is a large temple compound located north west of Kyoto Station with many beautiful buildings of historical and architectural significance. It is one of two head temples of the Jodo Shinshu sect of Buddhism in Kyoto. Both of these temples are called Honganji, and so are distinguished by their location: Nishi Honganji being the western temple, and Higashi Honganji being the eastern temple. The Jodo Shinshu sect of Buddhism was founded by the monk Shinran who lived from 1173 to 1263

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The Karamon is a gate of Nishi Hongan-ji designated a National Treasures of Japan. It is constructed as a four-legged gate with karahafu gables of undulating curves on the front and back

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The Karamon is a gate of Nishi Hongan-ji

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The Karamon gate has a roof in the irimoya style

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Irimoya style is a style of hip roof sloping down on all four sides and integrated on two opposing sides with a gable (the style is of Chinese origin; it arrived from China in Japan in the 6th century).

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Roofing materials such as tile and bark may be used as coverings. This roof is covered by bark shingles made from hinoki cypress

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Commemoration of Shinran Shonin’s 750th Memorial The gate dates to 1573 and was constructed early in the Momoyama period (1573 – 1614)

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The karahafu (kara-hafu) is a type of gable with a style peculiar to Japan. The characteristic shape is the undulating curve at the top

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This gable is common in traditional architecture, including Japanese castles, Buddhist temples, and Shinto shrines

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Although kara can be translated as meaning "China" or "Tang", this type of roof with undulating bargeboards is an invention of Japanese carpenters in the late Heian period

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The karahafu was named thus because the word kara could also mean "noble" or "elegant", and was often added to names of objects considered grand or intricate regardless of origin

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The karahafu developed during the Heian period and is shown in picture scrolls to decorate gates, corridors, and palanquins

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The first known depiction of a karahafu appears on a miniature shrine (zushi) in Shōryoin shrine at Hōryū-ji in Nara

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Karamon is a four-pillared gate covered by a cypress-thatched gable. It is also nicknamed the higurashi-mon, or “Twilight Gate” because the carvings are so beautiful that one could easily forget the time and admire them till the sun goes down.

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This gate is always closed and stands there as if expecting to be seen. The gate is decorated by sophisticated carvings that are not only eye-catching but also have the power to dazzle your eyes

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You can view the inside of this gate on the southern side of the temple compound. Because this gate is kept closed, to view the outside of this structure you will need to leave the temple compound and follow the walls around to the Kitakoji lane that runs between Nishi Honganji and Ryukoku University

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Text: Internet Pictures: Internet Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi ş oreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Japan Buddhism Music 2016

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