Japan52 Miyajima9 Senjokaku Shrine

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/japan52-miyajima9 Thank you! Itsukushima is an island in the western part of the Inland Sea of Japan, located in the northwest of Hiroshima Bay. It is popularly known as Miyajima, which in Japanese means the Shrine Island. In 1587AD Hideyoshi Toyotomi, the warlord who unified Japan during this era, ordered the establishment of Senjokaku Shrine as a place where sutra-chanting would be held in honor of war casualties. While it is the biggest building in Miyajima, it has never been finished with its construction halting on Hideyoshi Toyotomi's death. Senjokaku is derived from its planned floor space, which is equal to the area of 857 tatami mats.

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JAPAN Miyajima Short but sweet touching trip 9

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Miyajima Island (official known as Itsukushima Island) floats like a diamond in the Inland Sea of Japan. From ancient times, people have sensed the spiritual sanctity of Miyajima, and have revered and worshipped the island itself as goddesses

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Toyokuni Shrine is dedicated to the warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi (one of the three unifiers of Japan in the 16th century) and his loyal aid Kato Kiyomasa. In 1587 Hideyoshi Toyotomi ordered the establishment of this Shrine as a place where sutra-chanting would be held in honor of war casualties. The building is called Senjokaku (Hall of One Thousand Tatami Mats), reflecting its standing as the largest structure on Miyajima Island. While it is the biggest building in Miyajima, it has never been finished with its construction halting on Hideyoshi Toyotomi's death Miyajima

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Goju -no-to

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Goju -no-to, Five-storied Pagoda

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The Five-storied Pagoda was originally constructed in 1407, and it was restored in 1533. The main deity enshrined here is the Buddha of Medicine, accompanied by the Buddhist saints Fugen and Monju. The Buddhist images symbolizing the deity and the saints were removed in the early Meiji era. Now these are enshrined in the Daiganji Temple

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This structure is said to be one of only five examples in Japan. It resists horizontal oscillation caused by earthquakes and typhoons

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One of the unique structural features is the central pillar of the pagoda, which extends from the peak of the roof only to the second story - instead of to the foundation. When major repair work was carried out in 1945, the structure was restored to its original style by coating it with red lacquer

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The pagoda is 27.6 meters high and its roof is covered with layers of Japanese cypress bark shingles

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Itsukushima Shrine Tahoto Pagoda Daisho-in Temple

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Goju-no-to, Five storied Pagoda is not open to the public

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The names of donors have been carved on each of the sixteen pillars of the first story. Fourteen of these donors were women

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Senjokaku Shrine - The Hall of a Thousand Tatami Mats Originally, Amida Buddha and two subordinate Buddhist saints, Anan and Kasho-sonja, were enshrined in the Buddhist altar until the early Meiji era. Since that time, however, the altar has been used in Shinto rituals

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Senjokaku Shrine - The Hall of a Thousand Tatami Mats The fact that this structure, unique among the buildings belonging to Itsukushima Shrine, is unpainted and that its exact date of founding is recorded makes it a valuable gauge of the passage of time. The traces of weathering on its pillars and floor boards can be used to determine the approximate age of any other wooden structure on Miyajima

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Old Specimen of the Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta, growing in front of shrine

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Countless votive picture tablets (ema) that had been hanging on the walls of Itsukushima Shrine buildings until the mid Meiji era decorate the walls inside the hall

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The construction of the hall was discontinued after 11 years when Hideyoshi passed away, and it still remains unfinished today

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One of the offerings (a Japanese compass)

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Since it is situated on a hill, the wind that blows through the area is comfortable

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A shimenawa is a straw rope with white zigzag paper strips (shide)

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Mask

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Countless Ema (wooden tablets with votive pictures) at Senjokaku (Hall of One Thousand Tatami Mats) in Toyokuni Shrine

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The shamoji, a style of wooden spoon used to serve cooked rice without impairing the taste, is said to have been invented by a monk who lived on the island. The shamoji is a popular souvenir, and there are some outsized examples around the shopping district

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 When the tide is low, O Torii is approachable by foot from the island

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Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foi ş oreanu Nicoleta Leu Gabriela Balaban Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi ş oreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Japanese Traditional Music - Shossho 2016

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