Georgia2 Tbilisi Ethnographic Museum2

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/georgia2-tbilisi Thank you! The Giorgi Chitaia Open Air Museum of Ethnography is an open-air museum in Tbilisi displaying the examples of folk architecture and craftwork from various regions of the country. The museum is named after Giorgi Chitaia, a Georgian ethnographer, who founded the museum (1966). The museum is located west to Turtle Lake on a hill overlooking the Vake district, Tbilisi. It is essentially a historic village populated by buildings moved there from all main territorial subdivisions of Georgia. The museum occupies 52 hectares of land and is arranged in eleven zones, displaying around 70 buildings and more than 8,000 items.

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GEORGIA Tbilisi Open air Museum of Ethnography 2

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The open air Museum of Georgian Folk Architecture and Daily Life (also known as the Ethnographic Museum) extends on 52 hectares and includes traditional architectural exponents from different regions of Georgia. The museum is named after  Giorgi Chitaia , a Georgian ethnographer, who founded the museum (1966)

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Kakheti Giorgitsminda hall-house Guests of the house are hosted by head of the family and mistress, they will tell short story of family, traditions and craft-making. Interior is designed in folk style, including fresh products. In the yard there are presented old agricultures, such as: Corn, flax, chick-pea, and more.

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Giorgitsminda hall-house was moved to the Open Air Museum of Ethnography in 1974, from the village Giorgitsminda (East Georgia)

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Guests of the house are hosted by head of the family and mistress, they will tell short story of family, traditions and craft-making. Interior is designed in folk style, including fresh products. In the yard there are presented old agricultures, such as: Corn, flax, chick-pea, and more.

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The exhibition features a collection of traditional household articles such as distaffs, knitting-frames, chums, clothes, carpets, pottery and furniture

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Diplipito (musical instrument) Gozauri (vessel for wine)

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Dagger Dagger (xanjali) Dagger

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Azarfesha (for the wine) Belt Chinchila (vessel for wine)

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Decorative sheep, Persian Gozauri (vessel for wine)

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Jug Changi - musical instrument

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Changi - musical instrument Pot

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Cradle Jug

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Jug (ritual vessel for drinking wine) Djara, mechanical tool for weaving

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Horn (for the wine)

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Horn (for the wine) Kula (vessel for beer)

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Sachecheli Marani, ritual vessel for drinking wine

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Apkhiartsa (Abkhazian musical instrument) Sadgvebeli (vessel for making butter) Jug

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Stamp printed by Ussr/Russia shows Georgian traditional musical instruments

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Sandals for Avarian Women Sandals for men

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Shnakvi (implement for harvesting)

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Kharkhara (vessel for wine) Ram ritual vessel for drinking wine

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Tagrutsi (wooden box for keeping small things) Lamp

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Chest

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Tagrutsi (wooden box for keeping small things) Chest

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Chest

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Dolmens in the Ethnographical Open-Air Museum

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An 11th section of the museum has been established to house archaeological monuments such as sculpted gravestones, ancient inscriptions, and capitals

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Darbazi from the village Teliani XIX This rectangular unpartitioned dwelling is distinguished by a hearth in the middle and a smoke and light hole in the top. The beehive cupola ( gvirgvini ) that ascends to that hole is the most extraordinary feature of the dwelling. The two main supporting pillars, called dedabodzi (mother pilars), are often ornately carved

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Believed to go back to a prototype from the third millennium ВС, darbazi dwellings were described by Vitruvius in his treatise on architecture from the first century ВС. The building and dome that he mentions are close enough to a darbazi dwelling to make us feel that the structure has developed uninterrupted in Georgia right up to its present form. 

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The beehive dome you see here is composed of 452 beams resting on each other in concentric layers. 

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The  baniani sakhli  from the village of Khandaki is smaller, with only one pillar in the room.

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The columns are the most significant part of the building, not only in terms of construction but also for context and decoration. Therefore, they are called deda bodzi , which means “main (mother) pillar.” The significance of the main pillars is emphasized by the astral designs carved on them

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Museum publication: Traditional Ways of Carpentry and Museum Restoration Georgian national dance performance at the Museum

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Oda house from Samegrelo The ethnographers house

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Wattled fence and a roofed gate of an oda house from Samegrelo The ethnographers house In western Georgia, the yard is divided into two parts. The front yard is called a “clean yard.” A big, clean and well-groomed yard is a source of great pride. The yard behind the house is called a “black yard,” with space for farm buildings and vegetable gardens.

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Oda house from Samegrelo Open porch running along the width of the facade. Beautifully carved wooden pillars usually support the roof of the veranda.

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Oda house from Samegrelo

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Oda house from Samegrelo

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The Open Air Museum of Ethnography is located at Vake Park.

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A Kvevri is a large (800-3500 litres ) earthenware vessel originally from Georgia in the Caucasus and dating back to about 8000 BC

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The kvevri has an inside coat of beeswax, resembles an amphora without handles and is used for the fermentation and storage of wine, often buried below ground level or set into the floors of large wine cellars. The kvevri is part of traditional Georgian wine making. In the past it was also used for storing grain, butter, cheese, vodka, marinades and a host of perishable foodstuffs, though it was developed primarily for wine making in Georgia. Such large ceramic storage vessels were made in many countries, though none can claim the central importance of large ceramic vessels for wine fermentation

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Qvevri brush made from the bark of bitter cherry tree Qvevri brush made of the roots of St.John's Wort

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Founder of the museum, the famous ethnographer Giorgi Chitaia, has recreated whole country in miniature. The houses are not replicas but have been moved piece by piece from their native villages

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Interior of the Mosque from Chikuneti Village of the Khelvachauri District of Ajara, Open Air Museum of Folk Architecture in Tbilisi

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Interior of the Mosque from Chikuneti Village of the Khelvachauri District of Ajara, Open Air Museum of Folk Architecture in Tbilisi

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Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foi ş oreanu Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors. Presentation: Sanda Foi ş oreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda http://www.authorstream.com/sandamichaela/ Sound: Satrfialo - Traditional Georgian Love Song performed by Rustavi ensemble and famous Georgian Tenor Lado Tandilahvili

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