Raja Ravi Varma1

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/raja-ravi-varma1 Thank you! Raja Ravi Varma, “A Prince Among Painters and A Painter Among Princes”, The Most Celebrated Painter of India (1848-1906), probably the first Indian artist to master perspective and the use of the oil medium; the first to use human models to illustrate Hindu gods and goddesses; the first Indian artist to become famous, before him painters and craftsmen were largely unidentified; and the first to make his work available not just to the rich elite but also to common people by way of his oleographs. Dr. Abanindranath Tagore, a revered name in Indian art, rightly said that time, “It is rare to come across men like him, artists like him, lovers of India like him”.

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Raja Ravi Varma 1

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Raja Ravi Varma - Self portrait, 1887 Raja Ravi Varma is famous for his paintings based on Indian mythology & epics. He was was born in Kilimanoor Palace and he learnt water colour painting from the palace artist Rama Swamy Naidu. He learnt oil painting from the British artist Theodor Jenson. Towards the end of the 19th century, when there was a lack of vitality in Indian painting, he was one of the few artists who re-introduced Indian subjects in his works. Varma was the first Indian to use Western techniques of perspective and composition and to adapt them to Indian subjects, styles, and themes. He won the Governor’s Gold Medal in 1873 for the painting Nair Lady Adorning Her Hair. He became a much-sought-after artist among both the Indian nobility and the Europeans in India, who commissioned him to paint their portraits. Varma adapted Western realism to pioneer a new movement in Indian art. In 1894 he set up a lithographic press in order to mass-produce copies of his paintings as oleographs, enabling ordinary people to afford them. That innovation resulted in the tremendous popularity of his images, which became an integral part of popular Indian culture thereafter. Raja Ravi Varma (1848 – 1906) “A prince among painters and a painter among princes”

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Dashavatara, the ten avatars of Lord Vishnu

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A representation of the Gayatri Mantra The goddess sits on a lotus flower and appears with five heads and five pairs of hands, representing the incarnations of the goddess as Parvati, Saraswati etc. She is Saraswatī. She is the consort of Brahma Usha's Dream (oleographic print)

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Ahimahi Vadh (Hanuman kills Ahi and Mahi) Jagannath (Lord of the Universe) Lithograph by Raja Ravi Varma,1900s

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Ardhanarishva Ardhanarishvara is a composite androgynous form of the Hindu god Shiva and his consort Parvati. Ardhanarishvara is depicted as half male and half female, split down the middle. The origin of Ardhanarishvara lies in hermaphrodite figures in ancient Hindu and Greek cultures. Maruti

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Ganesha with AshtaSiddhi Shiva, Parvati, Ganesha

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Ganapati (Ganesha with consorts Riddhi and Siddhi) According to Scriptures Ganesha Purana , Lord Ganesha is married to Buddhi and Siddhi, daughters of Lord Brahma. Buddhi  means intelligence. Siddhi is the ultimate achievement, i.e. liberation (moksha). Riddhi  means progress, prosperity and material enjoyment (bhoga). Buddhi, Siddhi and Riddhi are all Lord Ganesha’s  own powers. When they are personified, they are considered as his consorts.

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Ganapati (Ganesha with consorts Siddhi and Buddhi)

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Ganesh on his vahana, a mouse or rat Lord Ganesha is the son of lord Shiva and the God is given the first honour of worship in Hinduism. Before undertaking anything auspicious Hindus offer prayers to Lord Ganesha Lord Ganesha is given prime importance among the Panch Devtas. The Panch Devtas are Lord Ganesha, Vishnu, Shiva, Shakti and Surya. In Hindu mythology, Panch Devtas together makes the Brahman (universe), which is supreme and absolute.

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Goddess Ambika (Durga) the wife of Vichitravirya seated on a throne with attendants and musicians by her side, she has four hands. Colour lithograph of the goddess Ambika British Museum, London

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Dattatreya, the incarnation of the thrimoorthis, Brahma, Mahavishnu and Maheswar (Shiva) Sacred River Goddess Ganga

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Parashurama (the sixth avatar of Vishnu) with his axe Matsya (the avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu in the form of a fish)

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Mahatma Buddha Judith

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Portrait of Vasantika, the spring Ahalya 1896 In Hindu mythology, Ahalya is the wife of the sage Gautama Maharishi

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Nataraja - The Cosmic Dancer (Lord Shiva dancing in the form of Nataraj) Vaman

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Durga Goddess Chamundi kills evil Mahishasura King Harichandra in his vow to speak only the truth, losing his son

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Mohini on a swing Mohini (Heavenly Apsara) is the only female avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu Mohini (Oleograph)

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Mohini asking Rugmangada to kill his own son, 1899 Mohini and Bhasmasur (he destroyed himself by putting his hands on his head)

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Arjuna and Subhadra (half sister of Krishna) Kali trampling Shiva

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Meerabai (Women who changed the world) the Rajasthani poet-saint and a devotee of Lord Krishna is singing songs (Bhajans) in praise of her lover, Lord Krishna Vasanthasena (Oleographic print)

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Garuda Vahan Vishnu Lord Vishnu flying on his divine vehicle Garuda Bird with two of his attendants on either side. Shani Deva, the elder brother of Yama, the Hindu god of death. Shani is embodied in the planet Saturn and is the Lord of Saturday

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Vishnu Laxmi and Serpent Anant Dhruv Narayan Dhruva, son of King Uttanapada and Suniti, meditating in the forest. Narayan (Vishnu) appears and gives him boon to be in the middle of the sky so that all the stars would revolve around him.

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Krishna Drishta (1888) The viewing of the infant Krishna Birth of Krishna

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Savitri Narad Samvad Satyavan Savitri Savitri

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Descent of Ganga Markandeya

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Godess Saraswati playing a Veena and her vehicle a Peacock seated, facing her The Goddess Lakshmi standing on a Lotus

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The Goddess Lakshmi (detail)

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Shesh Narayan, is considered to be one of the many manifestations of Vishnu and is also considered as the servant of Vishnu.

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Seshanarayana Narayana (Vishnu) and wifes, with Shesha (Oleographic print) Seduction of Vishwamitra (Menaka, the nymph tempting the yogi)

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Urvashi and Pururavas Tilottama is an Apsara (celestial nymph) described in Hindu mythology

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Murugan Hindu deity Karktikeya (the Hindu god of war) with his consorts on his Vahana peacock

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Skanda, Murugan or Kartikeya, is the Hindu god of war. He is the commander-in-chief of the army of the devas (gods) and the son of Shiva and Parvati.

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Sound : Gaurangi Devi Dasi aka Pia - Govindam Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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