Bali33 Serangan Island

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.nicepps.ro/prezentare-powerpoint-bali33-serangan-island-19799.html http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/bali-33-serangan-island Serangan is a small island lying just off Bali 's southern coast near Sanur or some 7 km from downtown Denpasar. It has an area of only 180 acres (73 hectare) and a population of about 3,000 and is known principally for its turtles and one of Bali 's six most sacred temples Pura Sakenan

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Turtle island

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33 Bali

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Serangan is a small island lying just off Bali's southern coast near Sanur or some 7 km from downtown Denpasar . It has an area of only 180 acres (73 hectare) and a population of about 3,000 and is known principally for its turtles and one of Bali 's six most sacred temples Pura Sakenan . Serangan is too dry for wet rice farming, but its residents grow corn, maize, peanuts and beans. Some islanders earn a living making shell trinkets to sell to the tourists who come here in ever increasing numbers. But the trade in another distinctive item is even more crucial to the local economy. Serangan , the small island that lies off the Balinese coastline just south of Sanur, has long played an important role in local religious history. Despite its size, there are actually four temple compounds found on the island and Pura Sakenan is considered one of the holiest sites of worship for Balinese Hindu’s.

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Serangan Island is inhabited by over 3,000 people and almost half of them are involved in the fishing industry. Interestingly enough there is also a local Bugis community of approximately 300 Muslims who live side by side with the Hindu’s complete harmony. There is a rare mutual respect that exists between these two ethnic groups. Serangan Island is also known as Turtle Island as for many years it was nesting ground for the Green Sea Turtle. Locals used to catch the live turtles as well as their eggs for consumption and unfortunately this exploitation resulted in the near elimination of all turtles in this area. In 1999 passed a law that prohibits the capture, sale, consumption and possession of turtles. Turtle meat is a delicacy and used in ceremonial feasts. In 2004 with the aid of international funding a Turtle Conservation and Education Centre was established on the island and the government imposed a strict ban on turtle trading. With local help, the aim of this centre is to nurture the growth of newly hatched turtles and release them at an age where survival rates are quite favourable. The fishermen of Serangan now try to safeguard these ocean creatures to prevent extinction.

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There is also a turtle-egg hatchery on the island. The turtle conservation has 10 basins as breeding receptacle (turtle rehabilitation) where currently it has three kinds of turtles, namely green, cracked and scaled turtle. This conservation is also equipped with diorama to provide information on the life of turtle from laying eggs up to the breeding period as well as a room to watch documentary films on turtle population, spacious parking lot, toilet and canteen.

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Green turtles are widely harvested for meat in many tropical countries. An estimated 100,000 are killed in the Indo-Australian archipelago each year. Equally as worrying are the high numbers, in some areas, of green turtles suffering from debilitating and potentially lethal tumours. The cause of these tumours is unknown but there is suspicion that increasing chemical pollution levels might make turtles more vulnerable.

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Green turtles are named after the greenish colour of their cartilage and the fat deposits around their internal organs, but are black-brown or greenish yellow in colour . The carapace is oval when viewed from above, and the head is relatively small and blunt. Size From 80 to 150cm in length and up to 130kg in weight . Colour Dark black-brown or greenish yellow. The green sea turtle ( Chelonia mydas ), also known as the green turtle, black (sea) turtle, or Pacific green turtle, is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae

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Turtle meat is a delicacy and used in ceremonial feasts. The traditional uses of turtle on Bali were once deemed sustainable, but have been questioned considering greater demand from the larger and wealthier human population. The harvest was the most intensive in the world.

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In 1999, Indonesia restricted turtle trade and consumption because of the decreasing population and threat of a tourist boycott . It rejected a request made by Bali Governor I Made Mangku Pastika in November 2009 to set a quota of 1,000 turtles to be killed in Hindu religious ceremonies. While conservationists respect the need for turtles in rituals, they wanted a smaller quota

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Lifespan: unknown, but sexual maturity occurs anywhere between 20-50 years Diet: sea grasses and algae

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Behavior: females return to the same beaches where they were born ("natal" beaches) every 2-4 years to lay eggs, generally in the summer months

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Green turtles are the largest of all the hard-shelled sea turtles, but have a comparatively small head. This one is 70 years old and weighs 80 kg

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Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend and camouflage them from predators.

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The black flying fox, Pteropus alecto , is a megabat in the family Pteropodidae . Members of the genus Pteropus include the largest bats in the world. Black flying foxes are native to Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.

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Bali Hornbill

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Hornbills (Bucerotidae) are a family of bird found in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and Melanesia. They are characterized by a long, down-curved bill which is frequently brightly-colored and sometimes has a casque on the upper mandible. Both the common English and the scientific name of the family refer to the shape of the bill, "buceros" being "cow horn" in Greek. In addition, they possess a two-lobed kidney. Hornbills are the only birds in which the first two neck vertebrae (the axis and atlas) are fused together; this probably provides a more stable platform for carrying the bill.

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The magnificent Brahminy Kite Haliaster Indus with its white head, neck and chest and cinnamon-bronze colored wings is a common sight in both the Malaysian and Thai islands where it is a resident.  These birds often scavenge around harbors but are also found well inland.  They are relatively small (up to 48 cm or 19 inches long) and fly with swift kite-like flight pattern.  They feed on small rodents, snakes and carrion.  Brahminy kites are found all across SE Asia, and west to the Indian sub-continent. Bali Hornbill

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Brahminy Kite Haliaster Indus

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Pura Sakenan is considered one of the holiest sites of worship for Balinese Hindu’s. The origin of Pura Sakenan dates back to around 1250 during the reign of Raja Sri Masula Masuli when it was built by Mpu Kuturan. However, shrines, pagodas and other religious elements were added during the 15th Century by Dang Hyang Niratha, a priest who was also responsible for the magnificent cliff top temple at Uluwatu.

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Text : Internet Pictures: Nicoleta Leu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Bali World Music, Gus Teja , Beauty in Colors

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