Bali29 Neka Art Museum3

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.nicepps.ro/prezentare-powerpoint-bali29-neka-art-museum3-19795.html http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/bali29-neka-art-museum3-14599077 UNESCO has fortified Indonesian keris (a wavy-bladed ceremonial dagger), including Balinese keris, as a masterpiece of cultural heritage that belongs to the world, that must be preserved (Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity). “The world has admitted the existence of Indonesian keris and gives international appreciation. That encourages us to collect hundreds of inherited keris,” said Pande Wayan Suteja, the founder and manager of Neka Museum at Artist Village Ubud,

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Neka Art Museum 3

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29 Bali

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Suteja Neka Founder and Director Neka Art Museum Ubud - Bali The Neka Art Museum was opened in 1982 and is named after a Balinese teacher Suteja Neka who collected paintings as a means of artistic documentation. Nowadays the museum has a great selection of works from many famous Balinese artists and expats who have lived here and influenced local artists.

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Tumpek Landep & Keris Tumpek Landep is a special day for Balinese Hindus, when offerings are presented to metal tools and iron objects, particularly to sharp weapons. On this day, Balinese Hindus remove their family krises (heirloom knives) from their shrines and wash them with a mixture of holy water and fragrant perfume before adorning them with fresh coconut leaves and flowers. The family then presents offerings in front of the heirloom before partaking in a joint prayer. The ceremony usually takes place at the family shrine.

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UNESCO has fortified Indonesian keris (a wavy-bladed ceremonial dagger), including Balinese keris, as a masterpiece of cultural heritage that belongs to the world, that must be preserved (Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity). “The world has admitted the existence of Indonesian keris and gives international appreciation. That encourages us to collect hundreds of inherited keris,” said Pande Wayan Suteja, the founder and manager of Neka Museum at Artist Village Ubud, Neka Art Museum in Ubud established for more than 25 years is probably the best place in Bali to see contemporary and recent Balinese art. In 2007 a new permanent display of keris was opened at this museum. This display of keris is the best collection of contemporary keris art I have seen. Anybody who has any doubts about the vitality of modern keris art and its place in Indonesian culture only need visit this wonderful museum collection to have any doubts dispelled. (http://www.kerisattosanaji.com/index.html)

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The kris blade is never pulled out horizontally.  Hold the handle with the left hand, raise the scabbard vertically and pull the scabbard from the blade with the right hand to show respect.  Kris blades can only be made by men of the Pande caste, who understand the alchemy of metals .

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The blade is made of layers of iron and nickel which is heated, folded together and then beaten to create unique patterns. The wavy blade of the kris may have between 3 and 35 curves, always an odd number, and represents a serpent at rest.  The curved kris blade was designed to do maximum physical damage during warfare.

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To check whether the energy of a kris is appropriate for a new owner, the man measures four finger widths along the blade; in a perfect match, there will be no space left over.

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Founder of Neka Art Museum, Pande Wayan Suteja Neka poses with the Keris Bali Bersejarah, a perennial book on Balinese historical krises he co-authored with Basuki Teguh Yuwono. Keris Bali Bersejarah, at 321 pages, is a visual tour de force and revealing narrative on every conceivable aspect of Balinese krises. The book is the clearest symbol of Neka’s acceptance of his new role as guardian of a sacred tradition. It took Neka and another kris aficionado, Basuki Teguh Yuwono, almost three years to write the book.

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Whether created by human hands or of supernatural origin, keris are believed to be physical manifestations of invisible forces. Forged in fire but symbolic of water, a keris represents a powerful union of cosmic complementary forces. A distinctive feature of many keris is their odd-numbers of curves, but they also have straight blades. Keris are like naga, which are associated with irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows. Some keris have a naga or serpent head carved near its base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy keris is a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action.

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Blawong The blawong or blawongan is a wall plaque that is used to display akeris upon a wall. It is usually carved with abstract floral designs, or withwayang or other figures. The keris that is usually kept in a blawongan is onewith some talismanic attribute. Antique blawong of village style showing a wayang character, possibly Arjuna

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The stand is called ploncon , they are the traditional form of keris stand used to both store and exhibit keris. They have a dragon at each end supporting a cross bar with holes in it to accept the keris.

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A village style blawong showing a wayang character, Petruk and a blawong showing a barong mask Suteja Neka ritually hammers a new keris being made for the Pura Pande blacksmith clan temple in Peliatan in June 2006

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Tumpek Landep is the day when Balinese prays to the God of Heirlooms as symbol asking for a sharper mind, in accordance to spirituality and mentality.

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This holyday is devoted to Sang Hyang Pasupati , the God of Heirlooms. On this day Balinese symbolically put the offerings and the prays for metallic equipment, such as machinery, vehicles, kitchen equipment, and others, on a ceremony that takes place inside the house, home yard, and temple. Weapons, such as traditional krisses (wavy double-bladed dagger), guns, spears, and others, and metallic equipment are symbolically worshiped in order that it will bring safety and fortune to the owner and the user. Tumpek Landep is basically held to sharpen mind, to be implemented to do goodness, because Balinese believe that the highest level and the greatest weapon of human being is their mind, which can bring someone to a better life. And by sharpen the mind, Balinese hopes that it will brings more intelligence, to face and overcome the enemy from inside human’s body, such as poverty, stupidity, and many problems in life.

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In Bali, an heirloom keris and other such metal objects are presented offerings every 210 days on the day called Tumpek Landep , which means ‘sharp’. They are cleaned, displayed in temple shrines, and presented with incense, holy water, and red-colored food and flowers to honor Hindu god of fire Brahma. This is followed by prayers for a sharp mind to Sanghyang Pasupati , the deity who empowers sacred objects and defeats ignorance. The keris is an important family possession and considered to be an ancestral deity, as weapons often play critical roles in the rise and fall of families and fortunes in history. Heirloom keris have proper names which describe their power: Ki Sudamala is Venerable Exorcist and repels negative forces, Ki Baju Rante is Venerable Coat of Armor and spiritually protects one wearing it .

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Text & p ictures: Tosanaji Keris & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Bali World Music, Gus Teja , Hero

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