Iran Esfahan Imam mosque (Royal Mosque)3

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YOU CAN FIND THE LINK TO DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.nicepps.ro/prezentare-powerpoint-iran-esfahan-moscheea-sahului3-21290.html http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/imam-mosque-royal-mosque3 Thank you! The mosque is one of the treasures featured on Around the World in 80 Treasures presented by the architecture historian Dan Cruickshank. The mosque is depicted on the reverse of the Iranian 20,000 rials banknote.

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L and e l u e b b u Isfahan Shah Mosque Internet image 3

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Esfahan The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Piaţa regală a fost construită de Şahul Abbas cel Mare (1587-1629) care în anul 1598 hotărăşte construirea noii sala capitale, cea mai impozantă capitală a lumii islamice, supranumită „perla orientului” sau „jumătate de lume”

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In 1598, when Shah Abbas decided to move the capital of his Persian empire from the northwestern city of Qazvin to the central city of Isfahan, he initiated what would become one of the greatest programs in Persian history; the complete remaking of this ancient city. By choosing the central city of Isfahan, fertilized by the Zāyandeh River ("The life-giving river"), lying as an oasis of intense cultivation in the midst of a vast area of arid landscape, he both distanced his capital from any future assaults by the Ottomans and the Uzbeks, and at the same time gained more control over the Persian Gulf, which had recently become an important trading route . Cel care a f ă cut din Ispahan unul dinte cele mai frumoase ora ş e din lume este ş ahul Abbas I cel Mare (1588-1629) din dinastia persan ă a Safavizilor. El este cel care a î nsufle ţ it ora ş ul prin ridicarea pie ţ ei numit ă Maidan ş i a faimoaselor moschei L otfallah ş i Moscheea Regal ă , care ilustreaz ă gloria artei safavide. Când şahul Abbas a venit la putere, acesta a asigurat graniţele în faţa atacurilor din exterior, a înăbuşit revoltele interne şi a iniţiat un vast program de construcţii ce includea moschei, palate, o reţea de drumuri pavate şi caravanseraiuri - hanuri, precum şi reţele de irigaţii.

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The Masjed-e Shah was a huge structure, said to contain 18 million bricks and 475,000 tiles, having cost the Shah 60,000 tomans to build. It employed the new haft rangi (seven-colour) style of tile mosaic. In earlier Iranian mosques the tiles had been maid of faience mosaic, a slow and expensive process where tiny pieces are cut from monochrome tiles and assembled to create intricate designs. In the haft rangi method, artisans put on all the colors at once, then fired the tile. Cheaper and quicker, the new procedure allowed a wider range of colors to be used, creating richer patterns, sweeter to the eye. Esfahan, ora ş desemnat capital ă sub domnia lui Shah Abbas I, a fost î nzestrat cu at â tea noi moschei, palate, poduri, str ă zi largi ş i parcuri, î nc â t ş i c ă l ă torii europeni scriau î n termeni e l o gio ş i despre frumuse ţ ile sale . Chardin, observator apreciat de Arthur Upham Pope ca fiind de î ncredere, nota c ă î n 1666 ora ş ul Esfahan avea 162 moschei, 48 medrese ( ş coli), 182 caravanseraiuri 173 b ă i. Marel e meidan (pia ţ a central ă ) din Esfahan, scen ă a paradelor, procesiunilor, jocurilor, mai ales a celui de polo, este î nconjurat de dou ă r â nduri de arcade, care direc ţ ioneaza aten ţ ia asupra portalului retras al Masjid-e Imam (Moscheea Imamaului, anterior numit ă Moschea Ş ahului).

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S ound: Shahram Nazeri - Safare Osrat - Forood Iran Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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