Expert In Field Primer - Aecern

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Technology Supported Inquiry-Based Science Learning :

Technology Supported Inquiry-Based Science Learning Aecern Luk and Michael

Three Driving Questions:

Three Driving Questions What is inquiry-based learning ? Why is inquiry-based learning important? How can inquiry-based learning in science be enhanced through the use of technology?

A Formidable Quote:

A Formidable Quote “Inquiry, the pursuit of open questions, is fundamental to the practice of science. Inquiry-based science learning is based on the idea that science learning should be authentic to science practice, an idea advocated by Dewey” - Edelson and Pea

What is Inquiry-based Learning?:

What is Inquiry-based Learning? An instructional design method in which students experience learning through teacher-facilitated activities that are open-ended and based on answering one or more driving questions. It involves active student engagement throughout a process of developing knowledge

Why is Inquiry-based Learning Important?:

Why is Inquiry-based Learning Important? Provides students with the opportunity to Develop general inquiry abilities Develop investigative skills Develop independent learning abilities Become comfortable in self-monitoring and working through mistakes Understand science concepts and principles

Targeted General Inquiry Abilities:

Targeted General Inquiry Abilities Posing and refining research questions Planning and managing an investigation Analysing and communicating results Understanding shortcomings or information gaps Work collaboratively with peers

Important Pedagogical Theories for IBL:

Important Pedagogical Theories for IBL Multiple Intelligences Students can learn in a variety of ways and through many different access points Differentiation of instruction to accommodate learning styles Constructivism Students make their own meaning rather than being told Students collaborate and share prior knowledge to mutually define a new learning experience

Classroom Model Throwdown:

Classroom Model Throwdown Lecture Students passively learn Limited “Need to know” knowledge established Pressure on teacher during class time Why are students there when they can read or watch online videos? Limited or no collaboration Limited or no experiential learning Inquiry-based Students actively engage in unfamiliar material Students draw upon their own funds of knowledge to make new meanings out of the learning experience Students collaborate and create Students develop critical thinking skills Classtime is used to get messy and dig into learning by making mistakes.

Types of Inquiry:

Types of Inquiry Confirmation results are known beforehand Structured questions and methods are provided Guided questions provided, task is to design the question Open nothing is provided

Applied to Classroom Practice:

Applied to Classroom Practice Learning Progression: Confirmation Inquiry Structured Inquiry Guided Inquiry Open Inquiry

Challenges to Implementation:

Challenges to Implementation For Students Motivation to engage in inquiry Fear of making mistakes Limited abilities to investigate Limited background knowledge to connect For Teachers It takes longer and is more difficult to design It is more difficult to control in a general classroom setting Constraints to resources

How can inquiry-based learning in science be enhanced through the use of technology?:

How can inquiry-based learning in science be enhanced through the use of technology? What Students and Teachers Do Address meaningful problems through structured investigatory activities that mirror those of scientists Teachers design bridging activities that relates targeted science skills and content Teachers address student learning progression through inquiry levels and design appropriate activities What the Technology Provides A Supportive User-interface An Embedded Information Source Record-Keeping Tools A variety of media to convey findings and transform data Opportunity for Collaboration Aid in assessing and tracking of student learning progressions Helps teachers develop and differentiate activities according to level of student inquiry

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