PICO

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PICO Method:

PICO Method Evidence Based Practice

PICO METHOD:

PICO METHOD P atient Population of Interest I ntervention of Interest C omparison of Interest O utcome of Interest

Patient Population of Interest:

P atient Population of Interest May be easy to identify Limiting to specific age group or other subgroup may assist you in finding the info you want Age Gender Ethnicity With certain condition, i.e. asthma

Intervention of Interest :

I ntervention of Interest May include, but not limited to: Exposure Treatment Patient perception Diagnostic test Prognostic factors More specific intervention will result in more focused search

Intervention of Interest :

I ntervention of Interest Intervention or range of interventions of interest, i.e. Exposure to disease Prognostic factor A Risk behavior (i.e. smoking)

Comparison of Interest :

C omparison of Interest Can be a true control group – i.e. placebo Can be another treatment – such as the standard of care

Comparison of Interest :

C omparison of Interest When you want to compare the intervention against: No disease Placebo or no intervention or therapy Prognosis factor B Absence of risk factor (non-smoking)

Outcome of Interest :

O utcome of Interest Identifying the outcome enables the searcher to find evidence that examined the same outcome variable, although the variable may be measured in various ways.

Outcome of Interest:

O utcome of Interest Outcome of interest may be: Risk of disease Accuracy of diagnosis Rate of occurrence of adverse outcome (ie death)

Asking Searchable, Answerable Questions:

Asking Searchable, Answerable Questions In order to become proficient in asking focused questions, one must PRACTICE

RESOURCES/REFERENCES:

RESOURCES/REFERENCES Melnyk, B. M. & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare. Philadelphia: Lippincott. Ball, C. (n.d.). The evidence based clinician: part 1, asking answerable questions. Retrieved July 10, 2005 from http://www.studentbmj.com/back_issues/0902/education/313.html

RESOURCES/REFERENCES:

RESOURCES/REFERENCES University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, (n.d.). Retrieved July 10, 2005 from http://www.uicomp.uic.edu/intmedres/teach/question.htm

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