constitution of india

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Constiution and salient features of constitution Of India .

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The Constitution of India came into force on 26 th January,1950, the day on which India became Independence. THE SIGNIFICANCE of 26 th January is that on this day India became independent. At the Lahore Session of 1929, the Poorna Swaraj resolution was held, and the Poorna Swaraj Day was called on 26 th January 1930 in Calcutta. The Preamble- It is not a law, nor even part of the constitution, but it helps to understand our minds and the intent of the constitution framers. Whenever there is some confusion regarding the interpretation of a clause of the constitution, the text of the preamble helps to clarify the point. This is the significance of preamble in constitution. INTRODUCTION-CONSTITUTION

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THE permanent chairman who was also known as the president of the constituent assembly Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Dr.B.R . Ambhedhkar was the chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution. The constituent assembly was com- prised of such eminent persons as Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr.B.R Ambhedhkar and many others. Constitution Framers

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Analysis of the Preamble Sovereign state Socialist state Secular state Democratic state The source of Authority Republic

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The constitution of India is a written constitution and is the most lengthly and detailed constitutional document the world has produced so far. In contrast, the british constitution is an un written constitution. The constitition contains the structure of the government at he centre, at he state level and at the level of the union territories. Apart from this, the constitution is lengthly also because it reflects the socio- political set up of a vast country with all its diversities. WRITTEN AND LENGTHLY DOCUMENT

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India has a parliamentary form of the parliament is suprreme and represents the people of India. The Constitution of India accepted a Parliamentary form of government both at the centre and in the states. The government is carried out in the name of the president at the centre but the administrations actually carried out by the prime minister and the Council of Ministers who are responsible to the Parliament. Parliamentary Government

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In a federal form of government, the constitution recognises two levels of government – the central government or union government and state governments The constitution of India divides the powers between the centre and the state governments. This is called a constitutional division of power. The indian constitution is federal in character and unitary in spirit . The union list consists of 99 subjects of national importance. The union government is empowered to make laws on these subjects. The state list consists of 66 subjects of local importance. The state government have exclusive rights to enact laws on these subjects. The concurrent list has 46 subjects. Both the central and state governments can make laws on these subjects. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

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Federal government Unitary government

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UNTARY GOVERNMENT The government in which all the powers are vested in one single central government. The central government enjoys absolute powers . The emergency provisions in constitution make India run practically as a unitary state. Single citizenship The indian constitution recognises a uniform single citizenship. A single citizenship means that a person born anywhere in India and he/she does not have a separate citizenship of the state to which he/she belongs. Every indian is a citizen of India and enjoys the same rights of citizensip . Adult franchise- every indian citizen who has completed the age of 18 years has the right to vote and participate in choosing the government at different levels, i.e., the central, the state and the local levels irrespective of their religion, race, caste or sex. Salient Features

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Prepared by: Name:Meghna mehta Class:ixb Rollno:28 Subject:history

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